The Protestant Ethics collection aims to complement the various religious ethics collections in the Globethics library, by highlighting key insights of Protestant ethics from the 16th century to the contemporary era. The collection offers a comprehensive overview of the different theological traditions in Protestantism, particularly its moral and ethical doctrines.

Recent Submissions

  • A exaltação do trabalho: o poder pastoral e a ética do trabalho na Nova Era

    Bell, Emma; Taylor, Scott (RAE - Revista de Administracao de EmpresasRAE - Revista de Administração de EmpresasRAE-Revista de Administração de Empresas, 2004-04-01)
    This paper seeks to establish the contours of the popular workplace spirituality discourse through analysis of academic and practitioner texts and accounts of organizational practice. We identify several themes, drawing attention to potential contradictions in the notions of meaning, measurement and community, which the discourse seeks to promote. In seeking to understand the means whereby it is embodied as a source of administrative power we draw on a range of historical and contemporary organizational examples, illustrating how pastoral power is reinforced through the construction of disciplinary technologies. We argue that the workplace spirituality discourse shares Weber’s acceptance of the structural conditions of capitalism and seeks to resolve the dilemmas this creates for the individual through developing an inner sense of meaning and virtue. In this respect, it represents a revival of the Protestant ethics in a way that involves re-visioning the ambivalent relationship between self and organisation. We conclude that the “social ethic” has given way to a New Age work ethic, which relies on the management of individual metaphysics as a source of organizational, as well as personal, transformation.
  • Religious imperatives as a correlate of the development of human potential and the economic capital of society

    Karpiak, Maria; Shparyk, Khrystyna (POL, 2024-03-07)
    Subject and purpose of work: This article studies the role of religion in economic development. Even though it is obvious that religion plays a vital role in economic development because a healthy economy requires that all people view one another with dignity, there are still some questions which need to be answered like - why wealthier nations trend/tend to be less religious, and does economic development (as a matter of fact) cause individuals to become less religious in today's world? Materials and methods: The research is based on universal methods of formal logic and scientific abstraction, basics of innovation science, investment science and institutional economics, systemic, structural-functional and synergetic approaches as well as information sources of the World Economic Forum. Results: The authors' hypothesis about the influence of religion and religious values which stands behind rapid economic growth is shown to be substantiated. Conclusions: In conclusion, we can state that there is strong negative correlation between GDP per capita and the importance of religion in the state, but, on the other hand, in most societies religious values were the main push factor of economic growth.
  • Scienza, etica e società : quali novità rilevanti nel campo delle cellule staminali tra il 2009 e il 2010?

    A. Bondolfi; D. Bruce; E. Cattaneo; P. Cattorini; E. Fassone; G. Giorello; D. Neri; A. Santosuosso; P. Vineis; A.M. Rollier; et al. (Claudianaplace:Torino, 2010)
    Il contributo offre un aggiornamento sui principali risultati ottenuti dalla ricerca scientifica nel campo delle cellule staminali tra il 2009 e il 2010 e analizza il dibattito sulle ricadute dell'avanzamento di tali lavori in ambito etico e sociale.
  • Doing Liberation Theology in South Africa

    Van Wyngaard, George Jacobus (2024-02-26)
    Philosophy, Practical and Systematic Theology
  • Σχέσεις της εκκλησίας της Ελλάδος με το παγκόσμιο συμβούλιο των εκκλησιών 1948-1961 (με βάση το αρχειακό υλικό του Π.Σ.Ε.)

    Σταθοκώστα, Βασιλική (Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki (AUTH)Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης (ΑΠΘ), 2000)
    This doctoral thesis refers to the relationships of the Church of Greece (ChGr) to the World Council of Churches (WCC) It covers the time from the formation of the WCC (1948) until 1961 and it is based on the archives of the WCC In order to have a better understanding of the role of the ChGr in the WCC, the research refers to the discussion and the participation of the ChGr in movements like Life and Work, Faith and Order etc This thesis consists a historical, theological and sociological study of the relationships between the ChGr and the WCC For this reason the writer studies the position of the Ierarchy of the ChGr, the development of the theological discussion and the theological or any other arguments are projected concerning the issue of the Orthodox participation in the ecumenical movement during the time 1948-1961 It is prooved that there are three theological trends inside the ChGr, the pro-ecumenical, the anti-ecumenical and a third one thatstands in the middle Also, the writer studies the contribution of the delegations of the ChGr in the General Assemblies of Amsterdam (1948), Evanston (1954) and Ν Delhi (1961), as well as the ecumenical activities of the ChGr during the time between the above-mentioned Assemblies The aim is to show the kind of cooperation} between the ChGr and the WCC and the way it is developed in praxis Furthermore, 1 the writer studies the method of cooperation and dialogue between the ChGr and the 1 WCC, the contribution of Greek Theology in thé formation of the principles etc ofthe WCC, as well as the role of the Theological Faculties, the attitude of the religious movements and youth towards the WCC Also, the writer presents the interchurch aid -which constists the main offer of the WCC during the postwar time- in the Greek area and the significance of this interchurch aid for the formation of ecumenical consiousness in Greece Finally, the writer studies the attitude of the Greek state towards the WCC and she ends to the crucial question of the acceptance or not of the ecumenical idea in Greece.
  • The Will to Power as Creative Love : Nietzschean Legacies of the Good News of Jesus and Lutheranism

    Centre de recherche en histoire des idées (CRHI) ; Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (1965 - 2019) (UNS)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Côte d'Azur (UCA); Université Côte d'Azur; Pierre-Yves Quiviger; Céline Borello; Mouanda, Orlène Eulalie (HAL CCSD, 2023-09-08)
    Our thesis seeks to bring to light the way in which the key formulas of Nietzscheanism, namely the will to power, the superhuman, the eternal return, the Great South and amor fati — in their practical and axiological dimension — dialogue in the form of an underground tablecloth with one of the essential virtues of Christianity, in particular agape love and the pietist ideal, with a view to establishing a humanism of affects. Indeed, by his unusual atheism, Nietzsche appears very concerned with creating philosophical values that create joy, which, while taking the opposite view of the Platonic-Christian values promulgated by institutional and modern Christianity - are in perfect harmony with the Good News of Jesus and the "religion of the heart" of Zinzendorf, which became a "ground of soul" or "Gemüth" which opens in a piety of reforming unbelief. Clearly, it is a question of showing that the hypothesis of the will to power as creative love or "virtue that prodigal" obeys the requirement of sharing as wanted by the commandment of love of Jesus formulated in Johannine thought.
  • La volonté de puissance en tant qu'amour créateur : héritages nietzschéens de la Bonne Nouvelle de Jésus et du luthéranisme

    Université Côte d'Azur; Quiviger, Pierre-Yves; Borello, Céline; Mouanda, Orlène Eulalie (2023-09-08)
    Notre recherche s'attache à mettre au jour la manière dont les formules clés du nietzschéisme à savoir, la volonté de puissance, le surhumain, l'éternel retour, le Grand Midi et l'amor fati — dans leur dimension pratique et axiologique — dialoguent sous forme de nappe souterraine avec l'une des vertus essentielles du christianisme, notamment l'amour agapè et l'idéal piétiste, en vue d'instaurer un humanisme des affects. En effet, par son athéisme insolite, Nietzsche apparaît très soucieux de créer des valeurs philosophiques créatrices de joie, qui, tout en prenant le contre-pied des valeurs platonico-chrétiennes promulguées par le christianisme institutionnel et moderne, s'accordent parfaitement avec la Bonne Nouvelle de Jésus et la « religion du cœur » de Zinzendorf, lesquelles sont devenues un « fond d'âme » ou « Gemüth » qui s'ouvre dans une piété de l'incroyance réformatrice. En clair, il s'agit de montrer que l'hypothèse de la volonté de puissance en tant qu'amour créateur ou « vertu qui prodigue », obéit à l'exigence du partage tel que le veut le commandement d'amour de Jésus formulé dans la pensée johannique.
  • Heroic virtue (protestantism)

    Saarinen, Risto (2023)
    The term 'virtus heroica' ('heroic virtue') regularly appears in the Reformation and early Protestantism. Originally from the Latin translation of Aristotle’s "Nicomachean Ethics" (Eth. Nic.), the term is often used by Protestant authors in ethics textbooks. However, in the early modern period, the term already encompassed the general characterisation of heroic deeds and qualities as well as the heroic personality. The article first explains the history of the concept and then the overall phenomenon to which the term gives expression.
  • La ética del marketing en Colombia desde la mirada de algunos expertos de la academia

    Londoño-Cardozo,José; Tello-Castrillón,Carlos (Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, 2022-12-01)
    Resumen Este trabajo tiene como propósito identificar la ética implícita en el marketing en Colombia a partir de la visión de profesores expertos de las mejores universidades del país. El diseño metodológico fue el análisis hermenéutico de la información recogida en entrevistas semidirigidas. Los resultados identifican que la ética impartida en los pregrados de Colombia: tiene una postura moral hegemónica basada en la ética utilitarista; es importante para el profesional de mercadeo; deviene de la moral religiosa; se enseña a través de códigos de ética y tiende a ser incluida transversalmente en los currículos. Varias universidades incorporan, transversalmente, cuestiones éticas en sus currículos, mientras que otras eliminan o dejan a elección del estudiante el aprendizaje de este componente. El enfoque de ética que se imparte en los programas de pregrado en marketing en Colombia debe ser revisado, para evitar fenómenos del contexto nacional que se consideran inadecuados, como la competencia desleal o la publicidad engañosa.
  • The Future of Ethics within the Reformation Heritage

    Ulrich, Hans G. (2013-06-11)
    Looking for ‘the future of Christian ethics’ we have to be aware of different paradigms of theological ethics and its different implications for a theologically reflected notion of future. With regard to the Reformation heritage there can be identified a Protestant paradigm of a Christian moral subject, liberated for a universal rational responsibility related to the future of the human condition on the one hand, and—according to a Lutheran grammar—an ethics of Christian practices within a worshipping community, grounded in God’s ongoing creational work. The future of Christian ethics, then, consists of the continuity of this Christian witness as it is rooted in God’s promises and faithfulness.
  • Religious directives of health, sickness and death: Church teachings on how to be well, how to be ill, and how to die in early modern England

    Pettegree, Andrew; Brigham Young University. Religious Education; Brigham Young University. Theology Department; Elkins, Mark (University of St AndrewsThe University of St Andrews, 2018-12-07)
    In broad terms, this thesis is a study of what Protestant theologians in early modern England taught regarding the interdependence between physical health and spirituality. More precisely, it examines the specific and complex doctrines taught regarding health-related issues in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and evaluates the consistency of these messages over time.
 A component of the controversial Protestant-science hypothesis introduced in the early twentieth century is that advancements in science were driven by the Protestant ethic of needing to control nature and every aspect therein. This thesis challenges this notion. Within the context of health, sickness and death, the doctrine of providence evident in Protestant soteriology emphasised complete submission to God’s sovereign will. Rather, this overriding doctrine negated the need to assume any control. Moreover, this thesis affirms that the directives theologians delivered governing physical health remained consistent across this span, despite radical changes taking place in medicine during the same period. This consistency shows the stability and strength of this message.
 Each chapter offers a comprehensive analysis on what Protestant theologians taught regarding the health of the body as well as the soul. The inclusion of more than one hundred seventy sermons and religious treatises by as many as one hundred twenty different authors spanning more than two hundred years laid a fertile groundwork for this study. The result of this work provides an extensive survey of theological teachings from these religious writers over a large span of time.
  • A Catholic correction of Max Weber’s thesis on Protestant ethic in the view of Michael Novak

    Góra Dariusz (Sciendo, 2023-12-01)
    Max Weber’s thesis on the decisive influence of Protestant ethic on the formation and development of modern capitalism has become one of the best-known and widely shared canonical claims in social sciences. Since its publication at the beginning of the 20th century, this thesis, supported by subsequent great works by the German classic, has rarely been the subject of major controversy. The work of correcting Weber’s thesis was undertaken in the late 20th century by Michael Novak. Novak’s correction is not confrontational, but complementary. The American thinker abandons the research area of minority Protestant communities, which caught Weber’s attention, and undertakes an analysis of the broader religious tradition, developing both before and after the Reformation. In particular, the achievements of Pope John Paul II, interpreted by Novak in terms of the renewal of a liberty current of Catholic social thought, provide important corrective data.
  • Revisiting the foundations of constructivim: the ethical and theological groundwork of Paiget’s early psychopedagogical thought.

    Formosinho, Maria das Dores; Day, James; Jesus, Paulo Renato (Universidad de Salamanca, 2015-04-30)
    El pensamiento de Piaget se basa en un marco conceptual ecléctico integrado por várias líneas teóricas. Así, el presente estudio tien como objectivo explicitar las bases metafísicas e teológicas del proyecto intelectual del joven Piaget para demonstrar la relativa unidad y continuidad entre las categorias forjadas para tratar cuestiones tológicas e éticas y las categorias biopsicopedagógicas, prestando especial atención a la dialéctica inmanencia-transcendencia y conflicto-cooperación. [...]
  • A teoria da racionalização de Max Weber:: a interpretação de Habermas

    FARHERR, JAIME (Edunioeste, 2023-11-06)
    Neste presente texto, descreve-se a reconstrução do projeto weberiano com base na teoria da racionalização através de Habermas, que envolve a ampliação do conhecimento empírico, a capacidade de previsão e o controle sobre processos empíricos. A problemática da racionalização é abordada em quatro momentos. Fenômenos do racionalismo ocidental, esclarecimento conceitual e a visão de Weber sobre o racionalismo ocidental como fenômeno universal. O processo de desencantamento nas representações religiosas e metafísicas do mundo, resultando em estruturas de consciência modernas, universal, mas levado ao extremo apenas no Ocidente. A racionalização social, com destaque para o papel da ética protestante no surgimento do capitalismo e a formulação de um modelo de racionalização social. A racionalização do direito e o diagnóstico contemporâneo desse processo.
  • Review of the Pilgrimage for Justice and Peace (PJP) Series

    Lyn van Rooyen (Globethics Publications, 2022-10-01)
    Since its 10th Assembly of Busan, 2013, the World Council of Churches (WCC) started a movement that invites us to walk with them: a Pilgrimage for Justice and Peace (PJP), a project looking to foster a debate within its members, envisaging to mark the steps to walk towards the world we want. The World Council of Churches (WCC) is the broadest and most inclusive among the many organized expressions of the modern ecumenical movement, a movement whose goal is Christian unity. 
  • Erwählt oder gewählt? Der Beitrag theologischer Parlamentarier:innen zur Annäherung von Protestantismus und Demokratie: eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Rudolf Otto, Magdalene von Tiling und Heinrich Albertz

    Hohmann, Uta Elisabeth (Campus VerlagDEUFrankfurt am Main, 2023-09-28)
    Auf der Suche nach dem richtigen Verhältnis von Protestantismus und Demokratie legt die parlamentarische Aktivität deutscher Theolog:innen die Vermutung nahe, dass diese in besonderer Weise zu einer Synthese ihrer religiösen Überzeugungen mit der demokratischen Idee herausgefordert waren und sind. Die Autorin untersucht in drei Einzelstudien das politische Wirken der Theolog:innen Rudolf Otto (1869-1937), Magdalene von Tiling (1877-1974) sowie Heinrich Albertz (1915-1993) und legt deren Beweggründe für die Aufnahme eines parteipolitischen Engagements, ihre fachpolitischen Schwerpunktsetzungen sowie ihre theologisch begründete Haltung zur Demokratie vergleichend nebeneinander.
  • Lessons of Protestant Ethics under Post-Capitalism Conditions

    N.A. Tereshchenko; T.M. Shatunova (Kazan Federal University, 2016-08-01)
    This paper presents a reflection of the values of Protestant ethics singled out by M. Weber that have been transformed under the conditions of modern post-capitalism. The reasons for repeated changes in the attitude to labor during the history of the West European civilization are identified. Labor used to be treated as either curse or divine punishment in the Middle Ages. Protestant ethics defined labor as an important value of the human life. Hegel and Marx understood labor as the source of human life, abstract thinking, as well as aesthetic and moral feelings. In the late 20th 21st centuries, the scornful and hostile attitude to labor as to shameful and even criminal occupation has developed in Western Europe and Russia. This attitude is addressed to the cumulative activity of workers creating the mass productive force of society rather than to the individual taken separately. This ideological move hides the bumper profit source of modern corporations from the naive researcher. Therefore, three questions arise: What influence does the returned hostile attitude to labor have on the prospects of capitalistic society? How does the economic and social experience of the Soviet history and economy, which was extremely successful under the conditions of industrial society, integrate with the modern situation? What are the prospects of modern society taken as a whole with this attitude to labor? The following conclusions are made in search for answers to the above questions: 1) The hostile attitude to labor arouses negative characteristics in workers, which deepens the crisis phenomena of capitalism; 2) Organization of the modern production process demands cooperation of real producers as of labor-inspired people having equal rights to the result of labor, i.e., to the use of the socialist experience; 3) The prospects for development of the modern society are considerably determined by continuation of the history of consciousness of the Europeans, who must decide again on their attitude to labor and whether it should be the genuine subject of history.
  • Weber’s Protestant Ethic Thesis in Five Steps

    Chriss, James J. (Academicus International Scientific Journal, 2019-11-11)
    As a result of many years of reading about and teaching Max Weber’s famous Protestant Ethic thesis, I have developed an approach to covering this material in both my undergraduate and graduate theory courses which has been beneficial to students and has helped them make sense of the rather complex argument developed by Weber. I provide a working model of all such scholarly inquires geared off the Science Triad, culminating in a five-step approach to organizing and explaining the Weber thesis. In addition, I provide an annotated bibliography of selected scholarly ruminations on Weber’s work in general and the Protestant Ethic thesis in particular.
  • American Values and American Hardcore Punk in The Crisis of the 1970s

    Littératures, Savoirs et Arts (LISAA) ; Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEM); Université Gustave Eiffel; Littératures, Savoirs et Arts (LISAA) ; Université Gustave Eiffel; Laboratoire LISAAIASPM francophone d'Europe; International Association for the Study of Popular Music; Lee, Sangheon (HAL CCSD, 2023-06-26)
    After the unprecedented political, social, and cultural turmoil of the sixties and the economic (and political) crisis of the early seventies, American society witnessed the prevailing disillusionment and the weakened sense of historical continuity and collective memory. The resulting new form of radical individualism—further at odds with the tenets and values of traditional puritanism—sought to focus on needs and desires that could be met “right now”, both physically and psychically.This paper explores the musical and cultural expressions of the early American hardcore punk—which emerged then as a rebellion against this new form of hedonism and conformism, and at the same time due to disillusionment with the “idealistic” counterculture of the sixties—focusing on a dialectic that can be deduced from two different observations: first, the very propensities of mainstream culture described above were in fact embodied by hardcore punk, paradoxically, but in a more specific fashion (we call it “urgency” and “nihilism”). On the other hand, it tended to rely on some of the tenets of puritanism, i.e. work ethic, “self-made man”, self-discipline, sobriety, and deferred gratification, as is the case for some seminal bands: Black Flag from Southern California and Minor Threat from Washington DC.
  • Valores y actitudes ante la Renta Básica Universal: una apuesta social para un futuro de no trabajo

    Arnoso Martínez, Maitane; Guerendiain Gabás, Itziar (ADDI, 2020-07-14)
    La Renta Básica Universal, en un contexto de hundimiento del sistema de empleo e intensificación de la desigualdad económica y social, se plantea como un ingreso estable e incondicional que recibiría toda la población como derecho de ciudadanía, independientemente de su nivel de ingresos, su situación sociolaboral o su contribución económica y social. Este estudio, vinculado a la Psicología del Trabajo, pretende analizar las actitudes de la población acerca de esta medida, estableciendo los mecanismos subyacentes al acuerdo hacia su implementación. A través de un estudio de tipo cuantitativo en una muestra de población general (N=271), se pretendió analizar las creencias y actitudes hacia esta medida, así como su relación con variables ideológicas, de valores u otras de tipo socioemocional. Los resultados mostraron que el acuerdo hacia la RBU se vio relacionado con un mayor número de creencias positivas y menor número de creencias negativas hacia la medida, así como con actitudes más favorables hacia la incondicionalidad de la misma y un mayor rechazo hacia el establecimiento de criterios de acceso basados en el merecimiento. Valores igualitaristas predicen un mayor apoyo a la medida, mientras que valores de ética protestante del trabajo y dominancia social predicen su rechazo. Las creencias acerca de la ayuda y las actitudes hacia la incondicionalidad emergieron como mediadores indirectos entre los sistemas de valores y el acuerdo con la medida. Las implicaciones de estos resultados son discutidas, proponiendo futuras líneas de investigación.

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