Keywords神話 神魔故事 民間信仰 龍文化 龍王信仰 西遊記;
Myth Teratology Folk belief Dragon culture <br>Dragon Lord beliefs The Journey to the West(Xi You Ji);
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[[abstract]]Dragon occupies a lofty position in Chinese culture and not only is the totem that represents the highest governor in the political power structure, but also involves the original religious thoughts on revering God and the fear of God. Many legend stories about dragon therefore are derived from the transition of ancient people’s belief in Dragon Lord. Literature works are gradually influenced by the transition.The roles of Dragon Lord were figured again and again in the literature works such as novels, poetry and dramas.<br><br>Lots of custom and tradition were implied in〈The Journey to the West〉. The spirits of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism were comprised in. It’s remarkable that many roles of Dragon Lord are played in〈The Journey to the West〉and each image is entirely different. The diversity of Dragon Lord’s roles is rarely seen in literature works. It could be said that〈The Journey to the West〉is a masterpiece on portraying Dragon Lord. <br><br>Chapter two of thesis explores the transition of beliefs in Dragon Lord in Chinese folk society. The culture of Dragon Lord beliefs, the Dragon Lord stories in all the past dynasties and the roles of Dragon Lord in〈The Journey to the West〉 are compared and clarified in chapter three and chapter four, including the social function of Dragon Lord beliefs ,the types of Dragon Lord stories in all the past dynasties and the implication of the roles of Dragon Lord in〈The Journey to the West〉. It also explores the correlation between the Dragon Lord beliefs in Chinese folk society and the roles of Dragon Lord in〈The Journey to the West〉and the influence of Dragon Lord belief at the time when〈The Journey to the West〉is finished on the author. It presents that〈The Journey to the West〉is such a masterpiece to suit both refined and popular tastes and to enjoy great popularity particularly after the author imbibed the nutrient of social culture, followed the custom and tradition and then created and composed such a great masterpiece. It also explores the relation between the social environment and the author and the works.