“Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio” (Liaozhai Zhiyi);image;Buddhism;Taoism;Buddhist monk;Taoist priest
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[[abstract]]This thesis focus on two kinds of characters: Buddhist monk and Taoist priest in Pu Song-ling’s famous novel “Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio” (Liaozhai Zhiyi), and discusses the image and meaning of this two characters. When the time came to the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, three religions active in the folk, which are Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. Because of many strange ghost tales happened in that time, Buddhist monks and Taoist priests became the significant characters in society. That’s why Pu Song-ling wrote “Liaozhai Zhiyi”. In addition to rewriting other’s stories, he also put his own feeling in the stories. Therefore, this thesis discusses the image and function of the monks and Taoist priests. The Buddhist monks’ image is a practitioner who have spells and medicine to help normal people solve their “unusually” problems. But there’re also a lot of “evil monks” , they utilize people’s psychological stress of worship religious power to get money. The Taoist priest’s image in “Liaozhai Zhiyi” is a practitioner who travel around the world. They also have spells and they can connect with God and Ghost, ability is better than monks. Even though there’re some “evil priest” , number are less than monks. In addition, this thesis comparing the different between Buddhist monks and Taoist priests. The most significant differences is the number between “evil monk” and “evil priest”. Some commentator thought it’s because Pu Song-ling respects Taoism more than Buddhism. But after examining the image of monk and priest, buddhism 's causal reincarnation is closer to the Confucian concept of good and evil, therefore Pu Song-ling use “evil monk” to represent a disorder state of a social. The concept of Taoist instead to let literati jumping out of their persistent and gaining the spiritual relief.