兩岸基督教詩歌創作之探討—以天韻合唱團及呂小敏為例; A Study of Compositions of Christian Music in Taiwan and Mainland China– The Cases of Heavenly Melody Choir and Lu Xiaomin
Keywords基督教;詩歌創作;天韻;呂小敏;迦南詩選; Christianity;Hymn Composition;Heavenly Melody Choir;Lu Xiaoming;Canaanite Poems
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Abstract[[abstract]]吟唱詩歌是基督徒信仰中相當重要的一環。除了早期由宣教士帶來的詩歌外，目前在兩岸都有基督徒所創作的詩歌被傳唱。臺灣與大陸在宗教自由上是截然不同的環境，而這一點對於基督徒所創作的詩歌會有怎樣的影響？ 研究中臺灣部份以天韻合唱團為例，其隸屬於救世傳播協會，是臺灣第一個基督徒全職音樂事奉團體，成立後除了演唱也持續創作福音詩歌，宣教觸角廣及海內外。大陸部份以呂小敏為例，她是一個未受過完整學校教育的農村姑娘，自1990年年底她唱出第一首詩歌開始，至今創作已將近一千五百首，歌曲在華人教會間被廣為傳唱。 天韻合唱團的詩歌創作曲風較為多元，歌詞除摘編自聖經外，有些來自作詞者讀經的感受、對生命的體悟，甚或是對當前社會現象的反思，整體來說宗教氣息較不濃厚，加上由救世傳播協會整合內部資源所舉行的宣傳活動，很能吸引非基督徒願意進一步去接觸。呂小敏的《迦南詩選》曲風以中國小調為主，在華人社會容易被接受傳唱，中國家庭教會在發展中受壓迫的背景，使得作品充滿強烈的宣教使命感，處於相同環境下的中國基督徒易產生共鳴。在幾個面向上可看出雙方的差異，但對福音傳播工作都有其貢獻。 Hymn-singing plays a very important role in the Christian faith. In addition to the music which was brought by the early missionaries, religious songs that have been composed by local Christians are spread and sung by the people of both sides of Taiwan Strait. Because of different political circumstances in terms of religious freedom, it will be interesting to explore its impact on the musical composition of Christianity. The purpose of this study is to differentiate Christian songs which are sung by Heavenly Melody Choir in Taiwan and Lu Xiaoming in Mainland China. The choir which is affiliated with ORTV (Overseas Radio & Television Inc.) was the first full-time music ministry group in Taiwan. Ever since its establishment, the group has not only persisted on vocal performance but also produced gospel songs. The apostolic work has stretched out of the island. As to Mainland China, the songs of Ms. Lu Xiaoming will be the focus of the research. Ms. Lu , who was brought up at countryside ,did not have much schooling. Ever since her first song that came out in the end of 1990, she has composed nearly fifteen hundred songs. Those songs have been widely spread in the church community. The genre of the descant sung by Heavenly Melody choir is very diverse. The source of lyrics is not only from the Bible but the reflection of bible studies, compassion of life, or thoughts of the social phenomena. Generally speaking, their songs have become less religious. What is more, there are promotional activities held by ORTV, which integrate its internal resources and become easier to reach out non-Christians. On the contrary, the genre of "Canaanite Poems" sung by Ms. Lu gives priority to Chinese folk song style. The songs are easy to sing by Chinese communities. The persecution on home churches in China made her works filled with a strong sense of apostolic mission. The music attracts the sympathetic responses from Chinese Christians who are under the same condition. In spite of differences between them, both have made great contributions to the spread of the Gospel in Chinese churches.