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Abstract本文从人类学的角度，对中国中部地区一个城镇基督教会的生存状况进行系统考察，是关于修武县基督教会及其信徒的民族志。在田野调查的基础上，笔者认为基督宗教作为社会的重要组成部分，它并不是独立于社会而存在的，基督宗教要与其所处的社会相适应。基督教的群体信仰对信徒有着重要意义，对信徒生活的方方面面产生深刻影响。 全文分为三个部分。第一部分包括第一、第二章，多为背景性知识介绍，为主体部分展开的讨论进行铺垫。第一章绪论部分介绍了选题的缘起及田野点的选择，同时对相关的学术史进行简要回顾，对研究方法进行简单介绍。第二章主要介绍修武县基督教会的历史发展和组织管理制度。 论文主体部分包括第三、四、五章。第三章与信徒相关，主要涉及成为基督徒的标准，基督徒与非基督徒的关系，信徒在性别、年龄、职业和教育程度方面的构成，信徒选择教会的原因，并重点介绍了三个人的信仰经历等等。第四章“教堂内外”，重点关注城镇化进程对教堂发展的影响以及教堂与社会的互动，介绍了教会与政府的关系及其在发展中遇到的问题。第五章主要介绍教会的影响，包括对信徒日常生活、人际关系、家庭婚姻和工作伦理方面的影响，以及教会对社会风气和社会行为的影响。 第三部分也即第六章，为本文的结论。首先总结了本文主要思路及观点，进而指出有待深入探索的问题。
This article aims to analyze from the perspective of anthropology the survival status of the Christian church located in a town of central China. It’s a ethnography of XiuWuXian Christian church and its followers. On the basis of the fieldwork, the author thinks that Christianity is an important part of society. It is not independent of society, and the Christian religion to better adapt themselves to society. Christian group faith has important significance to followers and has a profound impact to all aspects of followers’ life. The article is divided into three parts. The first part includes the first and second chapter, and is to introduce the background knowledge and beddings for the main body part. In introduction part, the author first explains the reason of this topic, the spot of the field work and make a review of relevant academic history. Then briefly introduce the research methods. The second chapter mainly introduces the historical development of XiuWuXian Christian church and the system of organization and management. The second part includes three chapters. Chapter 3 is about believers. This chapter mainly relates to standards of becoming a Christian, the relationship between christians and non-christians, the structure of the believers in gender, age, occupation and education degree and the reasons of the believers choosing. Then focuses on three people's faith experience and so on. Chapter 4 “inside and outside the church”, the emphasis has been put on the influence of the urbanization process on the church and the interaction between church and society. What’s more, the author introduces the relations between church and government, and problems of the church in its development. Chapter 5 mainly introduces the influence of the church on the followers, including the daily life, interpersonal relationships, family marriage and work ethics, and the church's influence on the social culture and social behavior. The conclusion is the third part of this article. At first, the author summarizes the main ideas and views of this paper, then points out problems that need further exploration.