Alcohol abuse, gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS in Botswana: establishing the link based on empirical evidence
Author(s)D Ntseane; Department of Social Work at the University of Botswana.
K Nthomang; Department of Social Work, University of Botswanamage/pj
OD Phorano; Department of Social Work at the University of Botswana
Keywords-based violence, alcohol abuse, HIV/AIDS, Botswana, poverty, NGOs, la violence sexiste, l\'abus d\'alcool, le VIH/SIDA, le Botswana, la pauvreté, les ONGs
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThe existence of gender-based violence has been a source of concern within the public and private sectors as well as civil society organisations in Botswana. The present study investigated the link between alcohol abuse, gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS. Further, it attempted to unravel the often unquestioned assumption that gender-based violence is perpetuated by cultural practices. Case study qualitative methodology was used to gather data for the study.A sample of 20 cases was selected purposively from five women\'s non-governmental organisations. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with agency coordinators, social workers, police commanders and police officers. The findings of the study revealed a relationship between alcohol abuse and gender-based violence, which makes victims vulnerable to HIV infection. From the findings, it is recommended that gender-based programmes be established to sensitise people about the link between alcohol abuse, gender based violence and HIV/AIDS. Key words: gender-based violence, alcohol abuse, HIV/AIDS, Botswana, poverty, NGOs. RÉSUMÉ L\'existence de la violence sexiste fut une source d\'inquiétude dans les secteurs publics et privés ainsi que dans des organisations de la société civile au Botswana. Cette étude a mené une enquête sur le lien entre l\'abus d\'alcool, la violence sexiste et le VIH/SIDA. De plus, elle a tenté de démêler la supposition que la violence sexiste est perpétuée par des pratiques culturelles. Cette étude a utilisé la méthodologie quanlitative de cas d\'étude afin de recueillir les données. Un échantillon de 20 cas a été intentionnellement sélectionné à partir de cinq organisations non-gouvernementales de femmes. En outre, des entretiens profonds ont été menés auprès de coordinateurs des agences, des assistants sociaux et des chefs de la police. Les résultats de cette étude ont tout dit du lien entre l\'abus d\'alcool et la violence sexiste qui rendent les victimes encore plus vulnérables à la contamination du VIH.A partir de résultats, il est recommandé que des programmes sexistes soient mis en place afin de sensibiliser les gens du lien entre l\'abus d\'alcool, la violence sexiste et le VIH/SIDA. Mots clés: la violence sexiste, l\'abus d\'alcool, le VIH/SIDA, le Botswana, la pauvreté, les ONGs. Sahara J Vol.2(1) 2005: 188-202
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Corporate social responsibility in Africa: case study of Botswana: Botswana companies and global reporting initiative (GRI) as a model for sustainable reportingMugabi, Ivan. K; Raletsebe, Irene (LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2017-08-02)Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) as a Model for Sustainable Reporting in Botswana. This text is designed with a view of ensuring that issues of consistence in reporting about corporate social responsibility (CSR) are explained and discussed in relation to some of the companies involved in Botswana’s stock exchange. The implications of the varied dimensional perspectives of CSR such as being a legal, an ethical/charitable or being a moral obligation are explored in some sections of the monogram. The theoretical underpinning for the concept of CSR such as shareholder and stakeholder theories are explained in relation to their application in developing economies . The project therefore analyses reports from some of the selected companies that are listed in the Country’s stock exchange.
"Good Governance" in Botswana : what shaped the design of Botswana's institutions and how did they affect the country's economic growth since it's independence?Tangri, Kristoffer (Universität Konstanz, 2006)From 1965 to 1998, the average Sub Saharan African economy receded by an average annual rate of -0.7 percent. Botswana had a poor state of development at the time of independence and its geographical situation was disadvantageous. Botswana s chances for a strong growth performance in 1966 were slim. But Botswana has done remarkably well since it gained independence and in fact its economy was the fasted growing economy in the world. Between 1965 and 1998, Botswana s economy grew with an average annual rate of 7.7 percent (UNDP 1999). How can Botswana s growth success, which is exceptionally high by any standards, be explained? In growth economics there are numerous theories to explain how countries economies grow and which determinants are of main importance. This paper focuses on the role of Botswana s institutions for its high economic growth and considers the concept of the importance of Good Governance for development performance. How did Botswana s institutions emerge, of what quality are they and what role did these institutions play for Botswana s growth performance? Finally this paper gives an interpretation of the effects of Botswana s economic growth on the country s overall development performances and achievements.
An evaluation of the anti-corruption initiatives in Botswana and their relationship to Botswana's developmentMadziakapita, Anele; Mwamba, Leon Tshimpaka (2014-10-27)The study focuses on an evaluation of the anti-corruption initiatives in Botswana and their relation to Botswana’s development. An evaluation was needed to find out whether the anti-corruption initiatives were effective and whether there were a correlation between the effectiveness of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crimes (DCEC) and the level of development in Botswana. This study showed that, the DCEC has succeeded to low corruption in Botswana through its most successful public education mandate and debatable good governance. The DCEC has helped to enhance service delivery in the public sector through the establishment of the Anti-Corruption Units (ACUs) within the Ministries aimed at tackling corruption in-house. Consequently, a significant slight improvement was registered in both public health and education sectors. However, that improvement was still minimal to the extent that it has been hampered by the challenging working conditions of the DCEC attributable to the inadequacy of legislation, lack of manpower, shortage of required skills and slow criminal justice system as well as the debatable independence of the DCEC, evidenced by its reporting and appointing lines. This implies that the impact of the DCEC in the development of Botswana has been minimal, as the country is still devastated by socio-economic disparities especially in rural areas.