Har män ett kollektivt ansvar för den strukturella underordningen av kvinnor? ? Kollektivt moraliskt ansvar ur ett feministiskt perspektiv
Philosophy and Religion
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AbstractThe overarching aim of this essay is to analyze, from a feminist point of view, the moral responsibility for the structural oppression of women. In this discussion I focus on the issue of moral responsibility for sexual violence against women, such as rapes. I claim that a feminist theory of moral responsibility has to be based on a collectivist approach. I argue that men should be considered as collective moral responsible for the structural oppression of women. However, it is important that we analyze the interaction between actor and structure. Therefore, the position I defend does not imply that every man is individually moral responsible for every rape in the same extent as the specific individual perpetrator. On the other hand, what I do argue is that men as a group has a collective responsibility for actions that consolidate the patriarchal and sexist structures of society, which creates an<br> <br> increased capacity of action for specific individual men to commit oppressive actions against women, such as rapes. Further on I argue that it is reasonable to consider oppression and sexism in other spheres of society as an indirect support for sexual violence against women. Consequently I claim that the collective of men that should be considered as having a collective moral responsibility is constituted by those who support and reproduce the sexist and oppressive patriarchal structures in society.