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dc.contributor.authorAngel-Urdinola, Diego
dc.contributor.authorSemlali, Amina
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-25T21:58:12Z
dc.date.available2019-09-25T21:58:12Z
dc.date.created2013-10-24 15:58
dc.date.issued2013-03-28
dc.identifieroai:openknowledge.worldbank.org:10986/13050
dc.identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10986/13050
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12424/530995
dc.description.abstractAnalysis in this policy note indicates a rapid deterioration in employment opportunities for young individuals transitioning from school to work in Egypt. Despite substantial improvements in labor market outcomes in recent years (in raising employment and participation and in lowering unemployment), unemployment rates in Egypt remain exceedingly high among youth entering the labor market for the first time. A slow school-to-work transition remains the main reason behind high unemployment rates. Young entrants to the labor market have become more educated than ever before: the share of the working-age-population with university education in Egypt has increased significantly between the years 1998 and 2006 (from 14% to 19% among men and from 9% to 14% among women). However, youth are unable to capitalize the time and resources invested in their education as the labor market is not providing enough good-quality jobs for them. To cope with scarce formal jobs, young-educated workers are opting to work in the informal sector and/or withdraw from the labor force, which is contributing to a deadweight loss of recent investments in education. There are three key factors that seem to explain why school-to-job transition remains low in Egypt: investments in the private sector remain low and capital intensive, new graduates are not equipped with the skills demanded by the private sector, and the public sector still provides incentives for educated individuals (mainly women) to queue for private sector jobs. There are several policy options used in the international context to further enhance the performance of the labor market; such as enhancing employability of new entrants, reforming the technical and vocational training system, and designing targeted programs aiming to boost labor demand.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.languageen_US
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherWorld Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 Unported
dc.subjectSEVERANCE PAY
dc.subjectTRAINING INSTITUTION
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subjectJOB CREATION
dc.subjectSTABLE JOB
dc.subjectLABOR FORCE
dc.subjectWAGE RATE
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET NEEDS
dc.subjectCOLLECTIVE BARGAINING
dc.subjectJOB SEARCH
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subjectVOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS
dc.subjectENTRY-LEVEL JOBS
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT POLICY
dc.subjectCREATING JOBS
dc.subjectJOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subjectDISMISSAL
dc.subjectLABOR SUPPLY
dc.subjectSERVANTS
dc.subjectSERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subjectNET EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectSKILLED WORKERS
dc.subjectLABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subjectYOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subjectYOUNG WOMEN
dc.subjectLOCAL EMPLOYERS
dc.subjectTEMPORARY JOB
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectPUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectJOB VACANCIES
dc.subjectINFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
dc.subjectPERFORMANCE MONITORING
dc.subjectLOCAL LABOR OFFICES
dc.subjectFEMALE LABOR
dc.subjectLABOR COST
dc.subjectYOUTH LABOR
dc.subjectHUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYED
dc.subjectRETIREMENT
dc.subjectPRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectCHILD CARE
dc.subjectECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subjectINSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subjectPRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYED YOUTH
dc.subjectON-THE-JOB TRAINING
dc.subjectVOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subjectJOBS
dc.subjectJOB SEEKERS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYED PEOPLE
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES
dc.subjectJOB MARKET
dc.subjectSEVERANCE PAYMENTS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectMOTHER
dc.subjectSOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subjectPRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subjectJOB DESTRUCTION
dc.subjectMATHEMATICS
dc.subjectEMPLOYEE
dc.subjectDEADWEIGHT LOSS
dc.subjectPROGRESS
dc.subjectECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subjectTRAINING PROVIDERS
dc.subjectFEMALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subjectHIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subjectPRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subjectYOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectOCCUPATION
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS
dc.subjectHIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectPRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subjectTRAINING PROVIDER
dc.subjectPOPULATION COUNCIL
dc.subjectHUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectREAL INTEREST RATES
dc.subjectSAFETY NET
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR
dc.subjectPROGRAM CONTENT
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET REFORM
dc.subjectLABOR OFFICES
dc.subjectWAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subjectJOB EXPERIENCE
dc.subjectPUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
dc.subjectDEADWEIGHT
dc.subjectSERVICE PROVISION
dc.subjectLABOR DEMAND
dc.subjectPERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subjectPOLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subjectSKILLS ASSESSMENT
dc.subjectTRADE UNIONS
dc.subjectWORK EXPERIENCE
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
dc.subjectYOUNG WORKERS
dc.subjectWORKING CONDITIONS
dc.subjectFIRM SIZE
dc.subjectPRODUCTIVITY
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET PROGRAM
dc.subjectTRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subjectTECHNICAL SKILLS
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT TRAINING
dc.subjectVOCATIONAL SCHOOL
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
dc.subjectPRIVATE SECTORS
dc.subjectPRIVATE FIRMS
dc.subjectLABOUR
dc.subjectEARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subjectSKILLS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectCONTRIBUTION RATE
dc.subjectPRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS
dc.subjectPROGRAM COSTS
dc.subjectPROGRAM COMPLETION
dc.subjectABSENTEEISM
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET INDICATORS
dc.subjectPERFORMANCE INDICATORS
dc.subjectPOLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYED PERSONS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subjectNET JOB CREATION
dc.subjectEARLY IDENTIFICATION
dc.subjectYOUTH EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectINVENTORY
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subjectLABOR INTENSITY
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES
dc.subjectYOUTH TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subjectFIRING COSTS
dc.subjectLOCAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICES
dc.subjectTRAINING CENTER
dc.subjectSAFETY
dc.subjectSECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subjectSEASONAL LABOR
dc.subjectINFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subjectEMPLOYABILITY
dc.subjectLABOR MARKETS
dc.subjectEMPLOYABLE SKILLS
dc.subjectMANPOWER
dc.subjectTEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectATTRITION
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET REFORMS
dc.subjectDEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subjectFIGHT AGAINST POVERTY
dc.subjectPUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
dc.subjectPUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS
dc.subjectVOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subjectJOB SECURITY
dc.subjectHUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subjectTRAINING CENTERS
dc.subjectLABOR LAW
dc.subjectWAGE POLICY
dc.subjectFIRM PERFORMANCE
dc.subjectPUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
dc.subjectHUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET INTERMEDIATION
dc.subjectWORKERS
dc.subjectEXTERNALITIES
dc.subjectFUTURE GENERATIONS
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT SHARE
dc.subjectPRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET RIGIDITY
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET IMPACT
dc.subjectYOUNG MOTHERS
dc.subjectTRAINING INSTITUTIONS
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET
dc.subjectPRIVATE SECTOR JOBS
dc.subjectTRAINING SYSTEM
dc.subjectDAYCARE FACILITIES
dc.subjectPRIVATE TRAINING
dc.subjectTRAINING COURSES
dc.subjectPUBLIC WORKS
dc.subjectLABOUR OFFICE
dc.subjectWORKER
dc.subjectPRIVATE ENTERPRISE
dc.subjectJOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subjectLABOR COSTS
dc.subjectUNIVERSITY EDUCATION
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET
dc.subjectHUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subjectACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subjectTRAINING PROGRAM
dc.subjectFINDING JOBS
dc.subjectPAYROLL TAX
dc.subjectLABOR REGULATION
dc.subjectFEMALE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectJOB LOSSES
dc.subjectYOUTH TRAINING
dc.subjectREAL WAGES
dc.subjectTOTAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectPUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subjectYOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subjectYOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subjectINVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION
dc.subjectLIFE SKILLS
dc.subjectECONOMICS
dc.subjectSERVICE SECTORS
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT GENERATION
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET INFORMATION
dc.subjectSERVICE FACILITIES
dc.subjectHEALTH INSURANCE
dc.titleLabor Markets and School-to-Work Transition in Egypt : Diagnostics, Constraints, and Policy Framework
ge.collectioncodeFE
ge.dataimportlabelOAI metadata object
ge.identifier.legacyglobethics:5546236
ge.identifier.permalinkhttps://www.globethics.net/gel/5546236
ge.lastmodificationdate2014-04-01 15:15
ge.submissions0
ge.oai.exportid147450
ge.oai.repositoryid7552
ge.oai.setnamePolicy Notes
ge.oai.setspechdl_10986_11872
ge.oai.streamid7
ge.setnameGlobeEthicsLib
ge.setspecglobeethicslib
ge.linkhttp://hdl.handle.net/10986/13050


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