Ledelsesmæssig ligestilling - et spørgsmål om ressourcer eller retfærdighed
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AbstractThis master thesis is based on the assumption that it is of critical significance to the gender equality project, how the equality problem is addressed by the leading institutional organisations in the Danish society. Based on this, the dissertation answers the following research question: How do the leading institutional organisations DI, KVINFO and the Minister of Equality justify the need for managerial equality, between men and women in the Danish corporate world, and which significance do these rationales of justification have to the present situation of gender equality in the Danish corporate world? The first part of the research question is addressed through application of the Norwegian researcher Mari Teigens theories regarding different ways of understanding and justifying managerial, gender equality on the grounds of justification and fairness. Furthermore, Sarah Cawoods theories on which opinions are legitimate in the Danish debate is included. The second part of the analysis is based on Luc Boltanski’s (et al) theory on justification: the understanding of how people justify themselves and their actions in a given situation. By applying this theory, we are able to determine which legitimate orders of equivalence, by which the justifications in the debate are measured. The dissertation concludes that all three institutions obtain part of their justifications from a resource-based rhetoric. Two of the institutions, KVINFO and the Minister of Equality, justify the need of managerial equality as an economic advantage, despite the fact that they value equality as a tool towards establishing equal rights and opportunities between genders. By referring to logics which they expect others to share and respect, a self-reinforcing impact is made when KVINFO and the Minister of Equality take part in defining which values the debate is about. The consequences for the present situation in regards to equality are that it relates to resources rather than justice. Society’s standards of legitimacy are formed in the public debate and therefore it is crucial for the company to understand which space of action is available to them. The conclusions of this dissertation are therefore important knowledge for the Danish companies. This thesis will tell them what is to be regarded as fair and reasonable, in relation to managerial equality in the corporate world, and will thereby function as a guide to the companies, aiding them in avoiding crisis relating to legitimacy.