Brazil's National Defense Strategy: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century
Author(s)Lundgren, Kenneth S.
Contributor(s)NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
KeywordsGovernment and Political Science
Humanities and History
Military Forces and Organizations
Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
AMAZON RIVER DEVELOPMENT
REGIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
SUPERIOR WAR COLLEGE.
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThis thesis analyzes the factors that have contributed to the reshaping of Brazil's national defense strategy. It addresses the role of geopolitics, the impact of regional economic integration through Mercosur, renewed nationalism, and the uncertain political realistic facing Brazil in the 1990s. Further sections review the historical role of the Brazilian armed forces, the fading importance of the Superior War College, the new civil- military relationships, and the concept of strategic planning in Brazil. Lastly, it examines the dilemma facing Brazil's armed forces in attempting to move from an internal to external security orientation. It discusses the military mission to develop and integrate the Amazon, and argues that this nation-building mission is in its final phase. In assessing he implications, of all these factors, the study concludes that Brazil is restructuring its military strategy to demonstrate sovereignty in the Amazon while aspiring to occupy the role of regional hegemon.
Copyright/LicenseApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Draining the Swamp: Prerequisites for Future U.S. National Security Strategy and Force StructureAIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL; Besancon, Michael D. (1992-03)Two opposing views have emerged in the current political debate over U.S. military force composition. One advocates downsizing to reduced threats, the other proposes a base force to match regional capabilities. While both approaches have merit, the real issue is framing a consensus of the American pluralistic democracy for U.S. military force employment in the post-Cold War world. Military leaders can stimulate the debate by proposing a long-range vision and the vital interests for which it is both morally correct and worth the cost to defend with military force. After discussing current national strategies, this paper proposes an alternative long-range vision of a world of decreasing American hegemony where international bodies (i.e., United Nations) play increasingly dominant roles in conflict resolution, where resources are more equitably distributed among nation-states, and where military force is primarily applied in a coalition context. Until that state is reached, however, the United States, as the only remaining superpower, will also require military force both unilaterally and in support of standing alliances. A U.S. military consistent with that long-range vision would be smaller than the currently proposed base force, but still capable of global power projection to a major regional contingency.
Brazil's National Defense Strategy -- A Deepening of Civilian ControlARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA; Ham, Jr, Linwood (2009-05-15)The Brazilian military dictatorships of 1964-1985 established a national security strategy to modernize the country and populate the vast central and western areas of Brazil. Today's strategy similarly seeks to use the military as a means to advance grand national objectives. Under the leadership of President Luiz Inacio da Silva and Defense Minister Nelson Jobim, elected Brazilian officials will seize the mantle of civilian control of the military and provide strategic guidance and direction to the military services on their roles and missions. This project analyzes Brazil's 2008 National Strategic Defense Plan (NSDP) and compares this document to strategies formulated after the return of elected civilian rule. The research will reveal a first-of-its-kind civilian strategy document that directs the creation of a defense structure that can defend its territory, address threats to the nation, and collaborate with regional and global partners. The research will identify challenges and opportunities for the United States as the new Obama administration contemplates this bilateral relationship. Recommendations are provided to augment U.S. defense policy to serve as a reliable partner to Brazil and to enhance greater defense relationships in the hemisphere.
Creating a Unified Strategy for Success Between the Guard and Army.ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA; Lay, David J. (1996-04)In a time of diminishing resources, the Army and Army National Guard need to work in concert to improve and maintain the Total Force concept. There needs to be consensus on the assets and liabilities of each organization so that a unified effort can be made to preserve and strengthen our position as part of this nations total defense structure. The paper looks at the relationship between the Army and Guard and the difficulty of creating a successful joint venture in our current environment. It looks at the history of the Guard and the efforts that have made in the past to create a successful joint venture.