Author(s)Escandon, Joseph E.
Contributor(s)ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
KeywordsHumanities and History
Military Forces and Organizations
BATTALION LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS
SOUTH AFRICAN DEFENSE FORCE
INTERNAL PSEUDO OPERATIONS
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AbstractThe purpose of this monograph is to examine the use of indigenous surrogates by both the Republic of South Africa and Rhodesia in Southern Africa's Bush Wars from 1975 to 1989. The Bush Wars are of significance because the use of surrogates in each case represents policy and doctrine that are outside of the United States military's traditional understanding and employment of surrogates. The methodology of this paper is to analyze the two unique surrogate forces to determine if they significantly contributed to the accomplishment of strategic aims and operational objectives. Such an examination is relevant because current U.S. policy and strategy advocates building the capacity of foreign security forces, as well as the use of irregular surrogate forces, to achieve U.S. foreign policy objectives. Given the political and military challenges of Iraq and Afghanistan, policy makers believe that the United States can ill afford another long-duration, resource-intensive, politically charged counterinsurgency campaign. The use of surrogates offers the promise of low-visibility, economy of force operations. Nonetheless, enthusiasm for the use of surrogates must be tempered by the reality that surrogates are not a substitute for effective operational art and strategy.
The original document contains color images.