Contributor(s)NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE OFFICE CHANTILLY VA
KeywordsPatrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft
Government and Political Science
*UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
PERSIAN GULF WAR
*NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE OFFICE
POST-COLD WAR ERA
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AbstractThe history of the National Reconnaissance Office is a story of how opportunity, necessity, and determination converged to produce an intelligence organization unlike any that had come before. In the late 1950s, rocket and sensor technologies were just reaching a level of maturity so that they could assist the United States in facing the most challenging national security problem of the age: how to analyze Soviet military forces and avert a potential nuclear war. After providing the hard data that made it possible to understand and deter the Soviet Union, NRO systems later became the primary means that made possible the arms control agreements that defused U.S.-Soviet tensions. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, NRO systems became ever more integrated into U.S. military capabilities, playing a critical role in the Gulf War, peacekeeping operations, and most recently, global operations against terrorists. In retrospect, it seems remarkable that even as the United States was achieving its goal of putting a man on the moon, there was an equally ambitious and technologically challenging American space program proceeding along a parallel path -- but in strictest secrecy. It was not until 1978 that a President acknowledged that the United States carried out reconnaissance from space, and not until 1992 that the government acknowledged the NRO's existence. Until recently, it would have been impossible to publish an official, authoritative, unclassified history of the NRO. Originally the NRO and its mission were totally unacknowledged, first to protect the source and method; and second, in deference to the sensitivity that some countries might have to U.S. satellites orbiting over their territory. Today we take such activities for granted, and the NRO and its mission can be much more open, and focus its measures for secrecy on those areas in which the organization is developing technologies that exceed the public's imagination and the expectations of our adversaries.
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Bring Back the Broncos for Austere Environments and Austere BudgetsMARINE CORPS UNIV QUANTICO VA; Rehwaldt, Christopher J (2011-05-05)In this era of slimming budgets and increasing requirements for irregular warfare capabilities, the Marine Corps should procure a Light Attack Armed Reconnaissance aircraft capable of operating with little support in austere environments, and one that costs the Marine Corps much less than the current fleet of aircraft to purchase and operate. The Marine Corps was faced with a similar problem in the Vietnam War, so it procured the OV-10 Bronco to fill its needs. Though the use of a light turboprop appears to be a step backward in technology, it would really be a large step forward in efficiency and effectiveness in terms of using appropriate technology. An aircraft specifically designed for counterinsurgency would bring great flexibility to the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) and would satisfy many of the current shortfalls. The Marine Corps should procure OV-10 Broncos or a suitable equivalent for the Light Attack Armed Reconnaissance role.
National Reconnaissance AlmanacNATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE OFFICE CHANTILLY VA; McDonald, Robert A; Cornwell, Shelly; Moreno, Sharon; Munson, Jack; Owen, Kelly; Theriault, Kimberly; Field, Ginny; Grubbs, Faye; Campbell, Emily; et al. (2011-01)The Center for the Study of National Reconnaissance (CSNR) produces this almanac to celebrate the history, achievements, and evolution of the reconnaissance discipline -- from individuals who forged its beginnings to those who further shaped the vision to meet the changing threats to national security during the past 50 years. This publication reveals the founding of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) and its continued prosperity as a leading intelligence organization today. The CSNR believes you will find this almanac informative, engaging, and practical. We have identified important dates in the history of reconnaissance and, to provide context, other key events in national security, technology, and space exploration. Through this historical compilation, the CSNR seeks to offer you an opportunity to increase your understanding of national reconnaissance and to develop an appreciation for the contributions of the many engineers, scientists, and other risk-takers whose efforts and achievements paved the way for space-based reconnaissance systems. The CSNR undertakes projects such as this almanac as an enabler of NRO goals and objectives. We believe having an appreciation for our national reconnaissance heritage can inspire today's workforce to continue contributing innovations that fulfill the current mission of the NRO. The NRO will continue a 50-year tradition of innovation as it adjusts to the challenges of the 21st century. The almanac includes the following sections: The Concept and Origins of Reconnaissance, National Reconnaissance and Space Exploration Timeline, The NRO -- Its Early Years, Directors of National Reconnaissance, Key Events in the Exploration of Space and the Evolution of Space-Based Reconnaissance, Founders of National Reconnaissance, Pioneers of National Reconnaissance, and Table of Selected NRO Launches (this is a partial list of unclassified space launches from 1959 until 2009).
The Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon, 1935-1965: Lost in TimeARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS; Runde, Jr, Richard J. (1994-06-03)This study investigates the roles, missions, and functions of the infantry regiment's Intelligence and Reconnaissance (I&R) platoon. The investigation begins in 1935 and ends with the I&R platoon's disappearance from infantry force structure in 1965. The present infantry brigade remains the only tactical formation without an organic human intelligence collection and reconnaissance organization. What were the reasons that it was removed from the infantry brigade force structure? Period I&R platoon doctrine, training, and tables of organization are compared and contrasted with first hand combat experiences from World War II and Korea. The impact of national security policy, strategic and tactical nuclear weapons and intraservice rivalries about individual U.S. armed forces capabilities and missions during the Cold War are also examined. The study concludes that the I&R platoon's disappearance began with its tactical employment during the Korean War. Later during the PENTANA study in the late 1950s, the I&R platoon had lost so many personnel billets, that it was no longer a tactically effective organization. Intelligence and reconnaissance platoon, Brigade reconnaissance.