Author(s)Croymans, Thomas G
Contributor(s)ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
KeywordsMilitary Forces and Organizations
Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
*ARMY NATIONAL GUARD
DEFENSE SUPPORT OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES
STATE PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM
REGIONALLY ALIGNED BRIGADES
BRIGADE COMBAT TEAMS
THEATER SECURITY COOPERATION
ARMY EQUIPPING STRATEGY
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AbstractPrior to operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm in the early 1990s, our national military strategy relied on the Reserve Component (RC), in particular the Army National Guard (ARNG), as a strategic, as opposed to an operational, reserve. Since that time, a paradigm shift has occurred. From that point forward we realized that operational employment of the ARNG in all significant military contingency operations was necessary, hence the need for an operationally ready ARNG. This paper examines what missions the Army could task to the ARNG that best ensure its ability to maintain operational readiness. The examination includes the following: (1) a brief historical background of the ARNG, (2) a review of the missions that maintain operational readiness, (3) an analysis of those missions, and (4) recommendations for a basic mission set for the ARNG. The ARNG, through enhanced training, equipment modernization, force structure balancing, and multiple deployments, has developed and maintains an operational readiness that exceeds any previous level. Future readiness and effective employment of the ARNG require a mission set and policies that ensure continuous engagement with viable missions that continue to develop and strengthen readiness, and a solid partnership with the Active Component (AC).
Strategy Research Project.