A livelihood intervention to improve economic and psychosocial well-being in rural Uganda: Longitudinal pilot study
Perkins, Jessica M.
Venkataramani, Atheendar S.
Weiser, Sheri D.
Bangsberg, David R.
Tsai, Alexander C.
KeywordsHIV, poverty, social stigma, Uganda
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AbstractHIV and poverty are inextricably intertwined in sub-Saharan Africa. Economic and livelihood intervention strategies have been suggested to help mitigate the adverse economic effects of HIV, but few intervention studies have focused specifically on HIVpositive persons. We conducted three pilot studies to assess a livelihood intervention consisting of an initial orientation and loan package of chickens and associated implements to create poultry microenterprises. We enrolled 15 HIV-positive and 22 HIV-negative participants and followed them for up to 18 months. Over the course of follow-up, participants achieved high chicken survival and loan repayment rates. Median monthly income increased, and severe food insecurity declined, although these changes were not statistically significant (P-values ranged from 0.11 to 0.68). In-depth interviews with a purposive sample of three HIV-positive participants identified a constellation of economic and psychosocial benefits, including improved social integration and reduced stigma.Keywords: HIV, poverty, social stigma, Uganda