The ethno-confessional relations in the context of culture and education (Kazan province, XVIII - Beginning of XX century)
Inter-Religious And Inter-Ethnic Interaction
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Abstract© Copyright 2017 by Sochi State University.On the basis of archival materials and literature the article highlights some aspects of inter-confessional and inter-ethnic relations in the historical and cultural processes that have developed during XVIII till beginning of the XX centuries on the territory of the Kazan province. The value of historical and cultural background and regional characteristics and their influence on the nature of the investigated relations is revealed. The most important backgrounds include: geographical location of the specified area; multi-ethnic and multi-religious composition of the population; Islamic stratum of the Bulgar-Tatar culture; the policy of the Russian state in matters of religion; European influence on the development of culture (education) in Russia, "Jadidism" in Muslim culture; tolerance as a condition of educational institutions; consistent transformation of Kazan in the cultural and educational center. It shows the development of inter-confessional relations in the region in terms of centuries of coexistence of Islam, Orthodoxy, paganism. The authors show the main tendencies of the policy of the Russian state that influenced the character of the development of inter-confessional and inter-ethnic relations in the region. The conclusion is made about the prospects of development of ethno-confessional relations in order to consolidate a modern society that is possible subject to the necessary balance of interests of all religious groups and cultural diversity support.