How Salafi is Salafist-Jihadism? Comparing ‘Caliphate’, ‘Sharia’, ‘Jihad’, and ‘Islamic Music’ in Salafist-Jihadism and Early Islamic Jurisprudence
Contributor(s)Hoven van Genderen, A.J. van den
Salaf al-Salih, Salaf al Salih
Early Islamic Jurisprudence
Clash of Civilizations
Islamic Golden Age
the Four Imams
four imams of Sunnism
Early Islamic Government
Secularism in Islam
Osama Bin Laden
Ibn Abd al Wahhab
Ibn Abd al-Wahhab
Scholars of the Salaf
How Salafi is Salafist-Jihadism
How Salafi is
Classical vs Modern Islam
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AbstractThe terms ‘caliphate’, ‘jihad’, and ‘sharia’ are frequently namedropped in contemporary media when addressing acts of ‘Islamic extremism’ of international terrorist (Salafist-Jihadist) groups like Al-Qaeda and Islamic State. Yet, these concepts are hardly ever defined properly or critically evaluated from a historical perspective. As a result, the way Salafist-Jihadists reference complicated concepts in their speeches, propagandistic music, and ‘newsletters’ is simply paraphrased by the media, and presumed to be accurate by many laypeople. These terms, however, are not as straightforward and ‘timeless’ as they may seem. The careless or oblivious regurgitation of such complicated theological terms by the media – wherein Salafist-Jihadist notions are not questioned – greatly hinders objective discussions on Islam. Arguably, this uncritical copying of Salafist-Jihadist jargon has created a Western discourse based upon Salafist-Jihadist narratives and has redefined what Islam ‘fundamentally’ (cf. fundamentalism) means to the rather ‘anomalous’ Salafist-Jihadist understanding of it. This not only fuels Islamophobia and makes it difficult to even argue that Islam is not necessarily violent, but the Salafist-Jihadist-inspired media narrative might also become internalized by some Muslims, who then turn to Salafist-Jihadism – the supposed ‘true face of Islam’. To this end, this thesis seeks to provide a hitherto sparsely provided comparison between the most important Salafist-Jihadist notions of ‘caliphate’, ‘jihad’, ‘sharia’, and ‘Islamic music’, and how these ideas were first broached by the very ‘scholars of the Salaf’ of Early Islam (circa 610–850) themselves – thus testing how ‘literalist’ and ‘purist’ the Salafi-inspired Jihadists are in reality. By contrasting Salafist-Jihadist ideas of Islamic concepts with those of the earliest religious scholars, this thesis uncovers several tensions between the understandings of the ‘original’ Salaf and the modern Salafist-Jihadists. In general, the Salafist-Jihadist notions of ‘caliphate’, ‘sharia’, ‘jihad’, and ‘religious music’ are much more entrenched in modern political concepts of government, law, warfare, and recent ‘folk-Islamic’ traditions than might be expected from this supposed originalist movement. Consequently, the quasi-historical religious argumentation Salafist-Jihadists employ to justify and shape their political ideology is suspect and should be examined more through historical comparative analysis.
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Global Salafism Study of Roel Meijer's ViewsSyukri Syukri (UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, 2023-05-01)This study aims to understand Roel Meijer's thoughts regarding Salafism, focusing on terms, doctrines, and their relation to politics and violence. Before 9/11, Salafism had not received significant attention from scholars. However, after this incident, Salafism and Wahhabism became important topics because they were related to political movements and violence in the name of religion. The method used in this study is Library Research with the Factual Historical Model, which examines the substance of the text that contains the thoughts and ideas of the figures as religious works as contained in the thoughts and works of the figures. Based on Roel Meijer's study, global Salafism originates from the inspiration of Wahhabism, founded by Muhammad bin 'Abd Wahab. Wahhabism has a doctrine of returning to the Koran and al-Hadith, purging monotheism from various polytheism, accepting ijtihad, and rejecting taqlid. The term "Salafi" refers to two groups: Salafi da'wah groups that are oriented towards improving individual, family, and community structures through da'wah and education, and Salafi groups that have the same goal but are politically inclined and tend to use violence, which is referred to as Salafi jihadis. This research contributes to a deeper understanding of Salafism, its doctrines, and its relation to politics and violence.