Keywordssources du Jésus historique
archéologie et Jésus
source des paroles de Jésus
sources for the historical Jesus
Archeology and Jesus
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AbstractQue savons-nous de Jésus ? Jésus a-t-il existé ? L’inventaire des sources documentaires sur Jésus permet de réfuter sans appel la « théorie mythiste » d’un Jésus fictif. On dresse ici l’inventaire des sources littéraires, chrétiennes et non-chrétiennes, à notre disposition, relevant leur exceptionnelle antiquité et leur pluralité. Un intérêt particulier est accordé aux sources juives, en particulier le Talmud et Flavius Josèphe. À côté des textes du Nouveau Testament, les évangiles extra-canoniques s’avèrent d’un intérêt certain. S’ajoutent au tableau les récentes découvertes archéologiques à Jérusalem et en Galilée, qui éclairent le cadre de la vie quotidienne palestinienne au premier siècle. Il s’avère au final que la question n’est pas de savoir si Jésus a existé, mais quel Jésus a existé.
What do we know about Jesus? Did Jesus exist? All the documentary evidence about Jesus allows us to refute the “mythist theory” claiming the fictionality of Jesus. The Author lists the literary sources (Christians and non-Christians) at our disposal and underlines their exceptional antiquity and plurality. Of particular interest are the Jewish sources – notably the Talmud and Flavius Josephus. The apocryphal Gospels deserve also our attention beside the texts of the New Testament. Furthermore from the recent archeological discoveries in Jerusalem and Judea comes a fresh light on the daily life in Palestine during the first century C.E. Finally the question is not if Jesus has existed, but which Jesus.
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The Jesus mystery : a biblical, historical and Christological study of JesusVan Niekerk, Rassie; Bacchioni, Philip Louis (2015-01-23)The Jesus of history and the Christ of faith are two different figures. Two centuries of
search for the historical Jesus has led to greater awareness and better use of New
Testament criticism, had salutary effects on proper historical biblical research and the
desire to look beyond the paucity of material about Jesus in the canonical gospels.
Despite proven difficulties the historical Jesus is an endless enterprise eliciting an equally
The solution to the Jesus mystery appears better linked to Paul who has never been
subjected to the same degree of historical research as Jesus. The figure, character,
preaching, and teaching of Jesus was fashioned by the gospel authors not just to fit in. with
the primitive church but to provide a natural linkage with Pauline Christianity.
Christian faith is only loosely intertwined with Jesus of Nazareth and has everything to do
with the Christ de"-ised by Paul.
Jesus the Jew : eschatological prophet, Galilean Hasid or cynic sage?Botha, Pieter J. J.; Myburgh, Jacobus Adriaan (2015-01-23)The diversity of Jesus images that resulted from historical Jesus research poses the single most pressing problem of the research endeavour. Diverse historical images lead one to ask questions about historiography. It is a fact that we do not have bruta facta in history but only interpretations of what might have happened.
The problem of diverse images is taken up in this thesis. Three different images that are the result of different points of departure and different methods of research are closely scrutinised. The images are: Eschatological prophet, Cynic sage and Galilean Hasid. After close·examination of each of these images one has to conclude that each of them is a viable image. One may question the proponents of each of these images on methodological aspects as well as their presuppositions. This line of questioning would not solve the problem. One would also expand the problem if one were to seek yet another image. A way out of this impasse would be to try to understand the diversity. Is there an image that could explain the diversity? The modem diversity of Jesus images is a continuation of an ancient diversity that one could find in the ancient texts at our disposal. From this we could deduce that Jesus was understood differently by different people from the onset. The challenge is to find an image that would clarify the diversity. What sort of Jesus would have been understood in so many ways? We have reason to take Jesus to be a Jew from Galilee. If we could find a Galilean Jewish image that would
explain the diversity, we would be very near the historical Jesus. The image of the Galilean Hasid is a very promising option. Some of the kingdom sayings, that are most probably authentic, were taken as test cases to see
whether they could have been uttered by a Galilean charismatic and later interpreted as Cynic and/or eschatological. The conclusion is that the image of Galilean charismatic would open up new avenues to approach the diversity of images of the historical Jesus.
Protestant publicationsBowman, O. S.; Campbell, William R. (William Richard), 1857-; Mills, Edward Laird, 1875-1949; Murphy, Wildman; Nutting, John Danforth, 1854-; Paden, William Mitchell, 1854-1931; Payton, Jacob Simpson, 1884-; Rice, Claton S. (Claton Silas), 1883-1973; Wishard, S. E. (Samuel Ellis), 1825-1915; Kinsman Publishing Company (Westminster College, Giovale LibraryArchives, 1882; 1883)Periodicals