The Roots of the Ecological Crisis and the Way Out : 1 Creation Out of ‘no thing’ God Being ‘no thing’
Author(s)Sahinidou, Ioanna (1947-)
creatio ex nihilo
PLATO, 428-347 B.C.
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AbstractPlato defined the primal dualism of reality: its division into the invisible eternal realm of thought and the unshaped matrix of the visible temporal realm of corporeality. The hierarchy of mind over body is reflected in the hierarchy of male over female, of human over animals, and in the class hierarchy of rulers over workers. Plato adds the alienation from body and earth, as the lowest level of cosmic hierarchy.The interrelatedness and interdependence of all cosmic beings uncover the dualism: soul/body. The idea of creatio ex nihilo promotes the desecration of the created world, lying at the root of the eco-crisis. The patristic idea of creation ‘ἐξ οὐκ ὄντων’ [‘out of non-being’] refers to what in God is envisaged as the pre-ontological nihil from which all proceed, deconstructing the dualism of a spiritual and a materialistic cosmos.
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