One and many: a comparative study of Plato's philosophy and Daoism represented by Ge Hong
KeywordsDaoism, Chinese religion, comparative philosophy, Plato, Ge Hong, one and many, unity and plurality
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AbstractThe “one-many” problem is ontological rather than logical. The thesis is a dialogue between thinkers who never met, investigating the question of what reality fundamentally is in the context of change. Textual studies distinguishing Ge Hong’s relational ontology from Platonic causational ontology lead to the conclusion that Daoist cosmogony, moving “from nothing into being” offers an evolutionary solution to Plato’s problem of change “from being to becoming”.