Contributor(s)Andrews, Kristin A.
Philosophy of mind
Frans de Waal
Reasons for action
Moral agency of animals
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractMark Rowlands argues some non-human animals can be moral subjects that can act for moral reasons, but cannot be moral agents because they lack sufficient understanding for responsibility. I argue Rowlands’ mere moral subjects are responding to, not acting for, moral reasons. Action for moral reasons is necessarily normative and the actor must be able to track the moral reason. I argue Rowlands’ conflation of moral agency and moral autonomy results in falsely denying responsibility to animals. Moral autonomy is an ideal to which some humans can aim. Responsibility is not contingent on this ability, but on the cognitive and volitional capacities of the individual and her normative social practices. Some animals can be moral agents in virtue of their normative social practices that involve harm to others and sharing resources. Moral agency and responsibility can be ascribed to some animals in terms of their intentional agency within such practices.
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Copyright/LicenseAuthor owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Safe and Sound Banking : A Role for Countercyclical Regulatory Requirements?Caprio, Gerard, Jr. (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-09-02)Most explanations of the crisis of
2007-2009 emphasize the role of the preceding boom in real
estate and asset markets in a variety of advanced countries.
As a result, an idea that is gaining support among various
groups is how to make Basel II or any regulatory regime less
pro-cyclical. This paper addresses the rationale for and
likely contribution of such policies. Making provisioning
(or capital) requirements countercyclical is one way
potentially to address pro-cyclicality, and accordingly it
looks at the efforts of the authorities in Spain and
Colombia, two countries in which countercyclical
provisioning has been tried, to see what the track record
has been. As explained there, these experiments have been at
best too recent and limited to put much weight on them, but
they are much less favorable for supporting this practice
than is commonly admitted. The paper then addresses concerns
and implementation issues with countercyclical capital or
provisioning requirements, including why their impact might
be expected to be limited, and concludes with
recommendations for developing country officials who want to
learn how to make their financial systems less exposed to crises.
An Inquiry Into the Nature of Sin: In which the Views Advanced in "Two Discourses on the Nature ...University of Michigan; Eleazar Thompson Fitch (A. H. Maltby, 1827-01-01)Book digitized by Google from the library of the University of Michigan and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.
Bank Regulations Are Changing : For Better or Worse?Levine, Ross; Barth, James R.; Caprio, Gerard, Jr. (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-05-30)This paper presents new and official survey information on bank regulations in 142 countries and makes comparisons with two earlier surveys. The data do not suggest that countries have primarily reformed their bank regulations for the better over the last decade. Following Basel guidelines many countries strengthened capital regulations and official supervisory agencies, but existing evidence suggests that these reforms will not improve bank stability or efficiency. While some countries have empowered private monitoring of banks, consistent with the third pillar of Basel II, there are many exceptions and reversals along this dimension.