Contributor(s)Institut Jean-Nicod (IJN)
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) - École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) - École normale supérieure - Paris (ENS Paris)
ethics of trust
[SHS.PHIL.ETHICS] Humanities and Social Sciences/Philosophy/domain_shs.phil.ethics
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AbstractTrust is a complex attitude that has emotional, cognitive and moral dimensions. A difficulty to reduce trust to a simple emotional attitude is that trust raises normative pressures: if someone asks you to be trusted you feel the normative pressure of not letting him or her down, and if someone trusts you, you feel the normative pressure of honoring his or her trust. These normative pressures seem to have an irreducibly social character: pressures are effective insofar as they may raise emotions of shame in those who violate the norm of trust and resentment and contempt in those who are victim of the violation. In this paper I will investigate the relation between the affective dimension of these normative pressures and their moral dimension by arguing that an important moral asymmetry exists between the duty to trust and the duty to be trustful.