Religions. Mythology. Rationalism
Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
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AbstractSince 9/11, and even more so with the atrocities committed by ISIS in Iraq and Syria, violence in the name of God is predominantly perceived as a “different” kind of violence, which triggers more “absolute” and radical manifestations than its secular counter parts. In its first part, this article will challenge this so called exceptionalism of religious violence by questioning the neat divide between politics and religion that makes any forms of interactions between the two illegitimate or dangerous. It will look specifically at state actions vis-à-vis religions since the inception of the nation-state and show that the most extreme cases of violence in the name of religion are actually closely associated with specific forms of politicization of religion initiated by “secular” state actors and/or institutions. It argues that the “hegemonic” status granted to a religion by the state is often associated with greater political violence, building on research conducted in Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, and Pakistan.
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Die <i>liter&#234;r-historiese</i> lees van 'n teksD.J. Human (AOSIS OpenJournals, 1999-08-01)The discussion on methodology in the South African exegetical and hermeneutical debate has not been completed yet. Several contributions during the past six years have kept this debate alive. Nevertheless, the duration of the discussion has brought growth and more understanding for different viewpoints and approaches. The aim of this article is to argue that both literary and historical aspects in the reading of any Old Testament text are important. Although it is not the only text approach, it proposes the literary-historical reading of texts is a comprehensive way to expose and understand Biblical texts.
Growing up in Wartime England&amp;#8212;A Selection from &quot;The Rachel Chronicles: A Kind of Memoir&quot;Lilian R. Furst; Anabel Aliaga-Buchenau (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2012-10-01)The following contribution is an excerpt from the unpublished memoirs of Austrian Jewish &amp;#233;migr&amp;#233;e, Lilian Ren&amp;#233;e Furst (1931&amp;#8211;2009), a pioneer in the field of comparative literature. This journal issue grew out of an April 2011 conference in her memory, held at the National Humanities Center, on &amp;#8220;Jewish emigres and the Shaping of Postwar Culture.&amp;#8221; The nexus between her innovative intellectual contributions and her experience as a Jewish &amp;#233;migr&amp;#233; reflects one of the conference&#039;s central concerns: How, why, and in what fashion did the &amp;#233;migr&amp;#233;s&#039; dislocations shape innovative intellectual paths and cosmopolitan visions of Europe and European culture. Born in Austria and educated in England, Furst pursued an intellectual career in the United States, hoping it would allow her to break out of narrow national boundaries. The excerpt of her memoir here illuminates how her life&#039;s work as a pioneer in the field of comparative literary studies grew out of her experience with language as a German-speaking refugee in wartime England. Her memoir written in the third person about &amp;#8220;Rachel&amp;#8221; also reflects her dual identity as Jew and European. Part I by Dr. Anabel Aliaga-Buchenau, the literary executor of the memoir and a former graduate student of Furst, places &amp;#8220;The Rachel Chronicles: A Kind of Memoir&amp;#8221; in relation to Furst&#039;s other autobiographical writing. Part II includes Furst&#039;s own introduction to &amp;#8220;The Rachel Chronicles,&amp;#8221; followed by her chapter on &amp;#8220;Growing up in wartime England.&amp;#8221; (The whole of her unpublished memoir is available to researchers in the &quot;Personal Papers of Lilian R. Furst,&quot; Girton College Archives, Cambridge University (http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/db/node.xsp?id=EAD%2FGBR%2F0271%2FGCPP%20Furst)). Part III is a bibliography of Furst&#039;s writings.