Молодёжная политика в ракурсе регионального социального программирования
Author(s)МИНАЕВА НАТАЛЬЯ ПЕТРОВНА
KeywordsМОЛОДЁЖНАЯ ПОЛИТИКА,ПРОГРАММНЫЙ ПРИНЦИП,ТЕОРИЯ П. ШТОМПКИ,ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТЬ СОЦИАЛЬНЫХ ПРОГРАММ,YOUTH POLITICS,PROGRAM,THEORY OF P. SZTOMPKA,EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL PROGRAMS
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AbstractВ условиях утверждения программного формата решения ключевых социальных проблем особое внимание уделяется вопросам разработки, реализации и обеспечения результативности молодёжных программ разного уровня. Специфика дея-тельностно-активистского подхода позволяет проблематизировать роль молодёжи как активного агента во взаимодействии со структурами государства при реализации молодёжной политики. Проблемой становится само употребление понятия «эффективность» в отношении программ для молодёжи.
The dynamism of social change in modern society increases and forms a picture of the current period of transition in the history of Russia. A progressively significant role in overcoming the crises in the formulation of answers to the main challenges of our time is given to the youth as a full subject of social policy. This recognition of the youth implies a real participation in the development and implementation of youth policies. In this regard, the theoretical understanding of youth issues, the scientific basis of youth policy again comes to the fore, indicating the place and role of the young in decisions about their future. From a methodological point of view, the analysis of youth policy as sociological problems in conditions of high dynamism of modern society is possible with the application of the potential theory of social formation of P. Sztompka. In this theory, the central category is the "individual-structural field". The subject of analysis is a particular kind of social context, moral relationship, and its component parts: trust, loyalty, solidarity. The ability of the company to social formation depends on the nature of forces, uniting society or, vice versa, dividing it. Periods of rapid change may cause atrophy. This happens for various reasons, one of the most important is a sudden expansion of the scope of uncertainty, risk; trust becomes one of the most acute issues, and the situation is referred to as the "crisis of confidence". In this sense, it is interesting to identify the level of trust in government implemented youth programs and, in general, in the category "state youth policy". While the specifics of the activist approach (integration of structure and action) allows problematizing the role of youth as an active agent in interaction with the structures of the state in the implementation of youth policy. The author uses the concept of efficiency in the sense of a "variable social process, expressing its evaluation from the point of view of the expected outcome". In the work the emphasis is on efficiency in terms of effectiveness, the ability to produce an effect (result) of certain actions, which may not always be measured using quantitative indicators. Given the specificity of the theory of social formation of P. Szt-ompka and characterization of modernity in terms of "crisis of confidence" and "atrophy of moral regard", the question of the effectiveness of programmes of youth policy is of particular relevance. The problem is, in general, the use of the notion "efficiency" in relation to programmes for young people. Preferential selection of young people among the rest of the population can be substantiated by the fact that they share and understand the importance of the goals and objectives of the state and public development, connect their perspectives on life with them. Young people have necessary skills to respond to global challenges, and exploring options for building trust among the youth is significant and relevant.