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AbstractЗатрагиваются некоторые аспекты исторических взглядов Михаэля Лайтмана. Рассматриваются проблема эгоизма как фактора развития человечества, роль и место каббалы и каббалистов в истории евреев и Европы. Приведены некоторые критические замечания к идеям М. Лайтмана, а также сделан вывод о наличии в его концепции мистического подхода к интерпретации событий прошлого.
The article is devoted to some aspects of the historical ideas of Michael Laitman. Laitman is not a historian. He is a specialist in Kabbalah. In some of his books and articles he comments on events of the past. In the end, we can talk about an original conception of history. There is egoism, reincarnation and Kabbalah in his historical views. Egoism is desire to receive pleasure. Laitman writes that developing of egoism changes the desire of pleasure. The person has five stages of desire development (bodily desires, wealth, honor and power, knowledge and spiritual desire). Change of desire of pleasure affects the development of culture and civilization. Thus, egoism is the causality of historical development. On the one hand, egoism creates social conflicts, for example, wars and terrorism. On the other hand, egoism stimulates technological and intellectual development. So, desire of pleasure motivates people to change the world and create new benefits. Thus, all that is created in the world is merely the change of desire to receive pleasure. The modern time is time of a global crisis in the opinion of Michael Laitman. He warns about danger, for example, world war. An alternative to war is spiritual development. People should understand that egoism is defect. They should begin to correct their nature. So, Laitman asks the question of what the purpose of history is. History has moral and mystical purposes. People should correct their egoistic nature and begin spiritual development. Laitman writes that souls return to this world over many lifetimes, until the moment when a person fulfills their task. This process reminds the Hindu idea of reincarnation. Kabbalah is spiritual knowledge; it is a method to study universe and improve the person. Kabbalah takes an important place in the history of peoples. Its origins are rooted in deep antiquity, from the time of ancient Babylon. People who study Kabbalah are called Kabbalists. Kabbalists experienced a crisis two thousand years ago. As a result of this crisis Jews were scattered among other peoples, Kabbalah became a secret doctrine. At the same period modern Judaism and some mysticisms doctrines were formed. Despite of the crisis Kabbalists continued their history. Later Kabbalah and Kabbalists had influence on the history of Europe and the Near East, for example, freemasonry or Hasidism. Historical ideas of Michael Laitman contain some contradictions, for example, the problem of genesis of Kabbalah, the problem of authorship of the book ''Zohar'', etc.