К вопросу разработки модели специалиста магистра техники и технологии в условиях инновационно ориентированного социально-экономического развития
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AbstractРассматривается механизм построения модели специалиста магистра техники и технологии в условиях инновационно ориентированного социально-экономического развития. В работе определены ключевые характеристики, необходимые для формирования модели. На основе анализа исследований в области педагогики и психологии, изучения компетенций магистров и обобщения уже существующего опыта построена модель магистра техники и технологии, заложены предпосылки для выявления и обобщения компетенций, необходимых для работы в сфере трансфера научных технологий и коммерциализации идей.
In order to realise specialised training directed at formation of competences in the sphere of commercialization of scientific ideas for the future experts of technical profile, it is necessary to address to the question of structure and content of the model of expert, Master of Engineering and Technology, They should correspond to the basic requirements for the graduate by the modern society aimed at innovation of development and hi-tech industries growth. As research has shown, the model of the expert is developed by four key characteristics: qualification requirements, professional requirements (requirements of the employer), personal requirements, requirements of the professional environment. The first characteristic of the model of the expert is unique for each trade and defines a definite structure of abilities. The second one corresponds to the requirements of employers to the qualification level of certain experts. The third characteristic includes abilities and certain knowledge, which define the level of spiritual, moral and cultural development of the expert, realization of their professional ambitions. At last, the fourth characteristic makes requirements concerning the modern situation in a definite professional environment. Considering the transition of the Russian system of higher vocational training to the two-level model of experts' education, formation of the model of the Master of Engineering and Technology (MET) includes developing competences, which the graduate expert in the field should possess. Analysing the data presented in researches, it is possible to track a clear tendency of expansion and increase in the professional requirements shown by employers to graduate METs. Qualified staff ready to develop and realize innovative projects at any stage today is required: from idea development to its realization and post-sale service. According to the rate of development of innovations, high and complex requirements to the level and the quality of knowledge, MET as a subject of the innovation-focused economy with an active professional and vital position should generate a certain type of thinking and functioning. Introduction of the Federal State Educational Standard of the Higher Vocational Training of the third generation provides complex preparation of the student not only for professional work in the chosen industry, but also to adaptation in the conditions of the changing reality. Abilities, skills and professional qualities, expressed in the generated and possessed competences, allow the graduate to get successfully involved in any developing sphere, to master new industrial and administrative approaches, to develop as a creative person. Thus, the model of the expert should be a guide for creation of higher education standards, which, in turn, should reflect transition from the qualification model rigidly connected with the subject and object of work to the competence one.