Эффективность тренинга развития актерских способностей у студентов
KeywordsПРОГРАММА ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ РАБОТЫ, РАЗВИТИЕ СПОСОБНОСТЕЙ, ЛИЧНОСТНЫЕ ОСОБЕННОСТИ, АССОЦИАТИВНОЕ МЫШЛЕНИЕ, ПАМЯТЬ, ВНИМАНИЕ, СТРЕССОУСТОЙЧИВОСТЬ, АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПОТРЕБНОСТИ, МОТИВАЦИЯ ДОСТИЖЕНИЯ
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AbstractРассмотрена программа тренинга развития актерских способностей с обратной связью в структуре образовательного процесса студентов-первокурсников и изучена ее эффективность в процессе экспериментальной работы. В психологическом обследовании студентов актерского факультета Института современного искусства (г. Москва) установлена положительная динамика показателей внимания, памяти, ассоциативного мышления, стрессоустойчивости, направленности на достижение. Результаты свидетельствуют о полезности использования психологической программы в качестве дополнительной в учебной подготовке будущих актеров.
Important conditions of professional success of future actors are better stress resistance, formation of skills of self-regulation, development of cognitive, emotional manifestations, interpersonal interaction in the process of stage transformation. The study of the psychological traits of students of the first year of the Acting Department testifies to the necessity of complementary psychological work with account of their individuality within training of creative abilities, development of skills of voluntary attention, memory, associative thinking, and formation of ''feeling of a partner''. We have developed a program of training of acting skills development. It includes exercises and techniques formed on the basis of analysis of development of acting by K.S. Stanislavsky, S.V. Gippius, L.V. Gracheva. etc. Training is composed with account of entrance testing of creative skills and is directed at complex development of cognitive, emotional and behavioral manifestations of students. Basic tasks in realization of the training program were development of voluntary attention, imagination, memory, associative thinking, coordination of motion and rhythm, removal of emotional locks, overcoming of psychological barriers when interacting with others, reinforcement of feeling of a partner. This program has been developed according to the ethic norms for psychological projects. Its participants were students of the first year of the Acting Department of the Institute of Contemporary Art of Moscow. The study of the dynamics of students' psychological traits was carried out with the help of psychodiagnostic methods that allow obtaining objective information before and after realization of the program in the experimental group as compared with the indices of the control group. Psychological examination was conducted a week after the complementary training with the students of the experimental group. The results of the repeated investigation show better memorising, voluntary attention, manifestations of creativity in doing tasks among the students participating in the training program. In addition, the experimental group shows greater need in persistence in goal-achievement, rationality of judgments, reliance on experience, better self-esteem. This has been conditioned by the development of motivation to achievement, which becomes urgent in the process of complementary training. The control group shows an opposite tendency: motivation of achievement, strive for defending of their positions is replaced by more irrational contemplative stance. Results of realization of the complementary program of students' acting skills development have proven its efficacy.