En framtida investering : Motiven bakom grundandet och utvecklingen av barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin under 1940- och 1950-talet
KeywordsChild and adolescent psychiatry
barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
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AbstractThis master’s thesis examines the motives behind the establishment of the child and adolescent psychiatry in Sweden as a public health institution during the 1940’s and 1950’s. Children’s welfare was an ongoing question during this period of time and a political matter often discussed. The political perspective used in the thesis has managed to illuminate results of a more political nature in relation to previous research which has been focusing more on the medical reasons behind the institution’s development. The results from my analysis show that the development of the child and adolescent psychiatry can be explained through Kathleen Thelen’s models of explanations including an utilitarian-funcionalistic explanation and a cultural-sociological one, explaining that an institution develops both due to more specific problems with the goal to benefit as many as possible. An institution also develops due to a cultural surrounding where it exists commonly known believes about which solutions are the most moral, legitimate or even the only ways to act. My results show that the establishment was founded on a basis of the Swedish welfare society where certain political goals demanded certain political solutions, the establishment of the Swedish child and adolescent psychiatry being one of the solutions. A range ofmotivesthathasbeenuncovered inthestudycanallberelatedtofeaturesoftheSwedish welfare state, such as universalism, social order, centralisation, state control and state tending. In this political landscape the institution child and adolescent psychiatry became a tool for investing in the future, aiming at sustaining certain achievements and to reach certain goals.