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HOW TO BE FAIR? OPEN PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH DATA AT THE LUBLIN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGYThe policy of open access to scientific publications at the Lublin University of Technology gave rise to the issue of sharing research data, which emerged to be a challenge for both research workers and librarians. Promoting awareness in the academic community of how the value and significance of their data increases and when others can make use of it is a novel and challenging task. The objective of this article is to present the activities undertaken for this purpose by the librarians of the Lublin University of Technology. These activities include introducing the Open Access Policy, creating a research data management strategy, and appointing two teams: one with the aim of supporting the University’s Project Office, and the second to create an institutional repository of research data. These actions contribute to the understanding of the value of sharing research results and how to be FAIR when doing so.
Profile in Public Integrity: Amie ElyAmie Ely is director of the National Attorneys General Training and Research Institute’s (NAGTRI) Center for Ethics and Public Integrity as well as NAGTRI program counsel. She is staff liaison for the National Association of Attorneys General (NAAG) Law Enforcement and Prosecutorial Relations Working Group.
FIRST POLISH DATA STEWARD SCHOOLThe paper describes the genesis and the teaching process of the Data Steward School, Edition 2020, the first Polish school for data stewards. The initiative was implemented by Visnea sp. z o.o. (“Visnea”) in cooperation with GO-FAIR in the period from September 2020 to April 2021. The participants of the Training Programme, future data stewards, gained knowledge of the role of correct data management in achieving institutional objectives. The need to protect the legal and financial interests arising from the possession and archiving of data and data management plan design guidelines, along with the methodology for data collection, metadata, the existence of data repositories, data security and the means of data sharing and storage were also presented. The paper presents the evaluation of the Training Programme and discusses proposals related to the role and importance of the new profession, i.e. the data steward in a scientific institution.
The Evolution of Urban Australian Meat-Eating PracticesThis qualitative study used social practice theory to explore how meat-eating practices are changing in contemporary urban Australia, drawing on a sample of Sydney residents aged 23–45 years. The research used an iterative study design and an inductive analysis approach. Semi-structured face-to-face in-depth interviews were the main mode of data collection, supplemented by observations in places such as markets and local neighborhoods. Research participants explained that the role of meat in their diet has changed in response to shifting conventions and social infrastructures. They have reduced consumption of red meat in favor of meats considered healthier or more ethical. Key factors driving the change include exposure to alternative eating practices brought about through changes in political policy and the advent of globalization. Changing discourses of masculinity and the move toward embracing more fluid representations of gender have, in turn, changed meanings in relation to the meat-eating man and a meat-heavy diet. Rising environmental and health consciousness, and concerns for animal welfare have also contributed to dietary changes. While several participants claimed to have increased their consumption of plant-based foods, meat still continues to maintain a significant presence within their diets. Many participants expressed interest in cutting back further on meat consumption and adopting more plant-based foods but they also identified several challenges—e.g., limited access to plant-based ingredients and recipes, negative meanings associated with vegetarian and vegan diets, and a lack of competence in relation to preparing and consuming appetizing meals using plant-based foods.
“Wumben? Wimpund? Woomud?” Women!The article presents a theoretical and methodological framework for a cultural studies– oriented approach to the complex relationship between media ethics and religion. On the basis of several concrete examples, the article sheds light on the centrality of religious worldviews, symbols, figures, and narratives within different media practices in which moral norms, principles, and values are reproduced, rediscovered, discussed, legitimated, and contested. Moreover, the article highlights how the examination of concrete media content can be implemented in teaching in order to stimulate and increase students’ capacity to understand, analyze, and evaluate the normative function and power of the media, especially in the contemporary digitalized and globalized world.
Supporting Families Affected by Substance Use and Domestic Violence75 pages. May 2010. Includes bibliography. This project report presents the findings of research into the help seeking behavior of families of substance users with domestic violence,
Exposure: the ethics of making, sharing and displaying photographs of human remainsThis article will query the ethics of making and displaying photographs of human remains. In particular, we will focus on the role of photography in constituting human remains as specimens, and the centrality of the creation and circulation of photographic images to the work of physical anthropology and bioarchaeology. This work has increasingly become the object of ethical scrutiny, particularly in the context of a (post)colonial politics of recognition in which indigenous people seek to recover dominion over their looted material heritage, including the remains of their dead. This ethical concern extends to the question of how and under what circumstances we may display photographs of human remains. Moreover, this is not just a matter of whether and when we should or should not show photographs of the remains of the dead. It is a question of how these images are composed and produced. Our discussion of the ethics of the image is, therefore, indivisible from a consideration of the socio-technical process by which the photographic image is produced, circulated and consumed.
Can 'eugenics' be defended?In recent years, bioethical discourse around the topic of 'genetic enhancement' has become increasingly politicized. We fear there is too much focus on the semantic question of whether we should call particular practices and emerging bio-technologies such as CRISPR 'eugenics', rather than the more important question of how we should view them from the perspective of ethics and policy. Here, we address the question of whether 'eugenics' can be defended and how proponents and critics of enhancement should engage with each other.
Attitudes towards Genetic Information Delivered by High-Throughput Sequencing among Molecular Geneticists, Genetic Counselors, Medical Advisors and Students in FranceHigh-throughput sequencing technologies performed in the clinical setting have the potential to reveal diverse genetic information. Whether it is initially targeted or unsolicited, strictly medical or not, or even information on a carrier status as part of preconception screening, access to genetic information needs to be managed. The aim of the current study was to gather potential attitudes of various stakeholders towards the sharing of genetic information from next-generation sequencing, and more specifically towards incidental findings, predictive findings, non-medical information and carrier status. Answers from a total number of 1631 individuals belonging to four different groups (45 molecular geneticists, 65 genetic counselors, 56 medical advisors to the state insurance plan, and 1465 university students) were collected through online questionnaires. Overall, the study reflects preferences towards the return of health risks related to serious diseases when effective treatment is available and information on reproductive risks. The importance of the perceived medical utility, both for disease prevention and treatment, was the main distinguishing feature. Attitudes from genetic health professionals were found more reluctant to receive a wide range of information. Hands-on experience with the practice of genetic testing is likely to influence perception of the utility of the genetic information that should be delivered. At the same time, perceptions of preconception genetic carrier screening brought out less differences between participants. Better understanding of the underlying interest in genomic information and thorough education on its value and usage are key elements to the adoption of future guidelines and policy that respect bioethical principles.
Les formes de jugement du politique : Principes moraux, principes d'action et registre légalAccusations of corruption and scandals are regular grievances against politicians and governments at large. For some, these accusations are one indicator of individuals’ distrust towards their political elite. This article develops an alternative argument by stressing that individuals develop a complex relationship towards politics in which issues such as morality and ethics are weighted according to different normative repertoires. Individuals’ political judgments are formed by diverse criteria, such as moral principles that underpin expectations regarding politicians’behaviours ; norms of action related to the effectiveness and efficiency of the provision of public services i.e. expectations regarding the capability of politicians to respond to citizens’ needs and to achieve results ; legal references mobilised to accentuate a judgment. This article develops this argument by presenting evidence gathered through focus groups. The research identifies four normative repertoires : legalism, contractualism, pragmatism, and realism. These normative repertoires illustrate different relational understandings of politics and different conceptions of the norms that are supposed to underpin it.
Etičke norme i zakonski okviri trgovine u Republici Hrvatskoj : Diplomski radCilj rada je pobliže pojasniti odnosno opisati proces implementacije etičkih normi uz definirane zakonske propise u Republici Hrvatskoj, njihove prednosti i nedostatke s kojima se svaka država susreće uz postojeću moralnu praksu ljudi. Etika predstavlja skup pravila koji definiraju određeni moral odnosno moralno ponašanje, a koja su ujedno važna i za svakidašnji ljudski život. Etika se kao poslovna filozofija javlja u Staroj Grčkoj u 16. stoljeću te je usko povezana uz upoznavanje različitih običaja i vrijednosti kao važećim adutima svakog društva. Uz etiku se vežu i etičke norme koje obuhvaćaju kodekse i principe odgovarajućeg ponašanja. S obzirom na to, etično ponašanje smatra se ključem uspjeha svake organizacije u smislu razlučivanja dobrog – prihvatljivog i lošeg – neprihvatljivog ponašanja. Zakonski okviri predstavljaju skup propisanih pravila izvedbe trgovinske djelatnosti koji uključuju specifične propise, opće propise te propise iz područja društvenog odgovornog poslovanja i upravo zato je potrebno implementirati obveze koje su određene odredbama takvih zakona. Dužnost svake države je kontinuirana kontrola i analiza kretanja propisanih zakona i podzakona u poslovnoj praksi.
Ethics of modern developments in agricultural technologiesFood security, energy security, sustainability and globalisation
have become core issues in the current political
debate worldwide. This debate is enriched by
other issues, including climate change, global trade,
fluctuations in food and energy prices and the future
need for additional energy sources, the revision of
the EU common agricultural policy (CAP) and the link
between the CAP and the EU economic strategy (the
In order to address the new challenges and opportunities
which lie ahead for EU agriculture, President Barroso
asked the EGE to prepare an opinion on the ethical
implications of modern developments in agricultural
technologies. These should include primary agricultural
production, bearing in mind the relationship between
agriculture and the natural environment, the UN millennium
development goals, such as the fight against
world hunger, and the impact of changing agricultural
methods on rural and urban communities.
The EGE accepted this complex task, aware that any such
opinion, while addressing agricultural technologies, cannot
avoid referring to a plethora of interrelated issues,
such as the competition for arable land between food,
feed, fibres, feedstock or fuel. Because of these considerations,
and out of pragmatism, the EGE therefore decided
to address the technologies that could be conducive
to the priorities supported by the group, namely:
(1) food security;
(2) sustainable use of resources and fair trade at world
level in agricultural products; and
(3) ethically sound design of sustainable EU agricultural
Food security and sustainability are therefore the main
subjects of this opinion, which will refer mainly to primary
production of food of plant origin, and not to other
areas of the EU agricultural policy such as fisheries, livestock
farming, food processing and green biotechnology
for pharmaceutical uses. These, together with other
issues that play a role in the global discussion on the
CAP (such as fisheries, forestry, climate change and energy),
will not be covered ‘specifically’ in this opinion,
although they are all recognised by the group as being
of fundamental importance in a global discussion on
ethics in EU agriculture. However, the group also intends
to formulate, in this opinion, an ethical frame for agriculture
within which further EGE opinions addressing
some of the abovementioned issues may be conceived
in the future, respecting the group’s remit (2).
This EGE opinion is also conceived as a contribution
to a global ethical debate on sustainable agriculture,
in which international organisations (3) and European
institutions (4) will work closely together to implement
the UN millennium development goals and design sustainable
and responsible agricultural policies.
Challenges for popular feminism: Urban interventions in Pedregal de Santo Domingo, MexicoThis article reviews a theoretical and practical journey through different aspects of urban intervention and collaborative design in the Pedregal de Santo Domingo neighborhood, using as methodology a research circuit and participatory action (IAP). This text will be used as a pedagogical resource for urban planning, architecture, and students in other related disciplines interested in urban transformation. The first part of the article identifies positions, scales, and theoretical bases to develop a critical and ethical proposal in relation to urban planning, including feminism’s contributions, particularly those of grassroots feminism. This community perspective radically transforms ways of participating and habitat improvement. The second part contains an account of the experience of the Casa de las Mujeres "Ifigenia Martínez" project, collaborative cartographic analysis, and results from the workshops conducted with neighborhood women. Finally, the article includes a reflection on community experiences and challenges of urban planning and research, focusing on growing gender inequalities. It is concluded that urban practices geared towards the ethical dimension of planning and the application of feminist methodologies contribute to designing new spaces for coexistence and addressing insecurity and violence experienced by women.
Recruiting stigmatised populations and managing negative commentary via social media: a case study of recruiting older LGBTI research participants in AustraliaIn this paper we explore methodological considerations for recruiting stigmatised populations online. Advertising for research participants via social networking sites (SNS) has increasingly become a tool of choice for both quantitative and qualitative researchers. However, such recruitment practices pose a range of challenges for researchers, especially in handling negative commentary such as trolling and its potential negative impact on prospective research participants. Using a case study involving a project on the health and well-being of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in Australia, we outline the types of commentary we received on our advertising campaign, as well as our strategies for managing such commentary. We seek to offer ways in which researchers working with stigmatised populations, as well as controversial issues that may attract hostile attention, can effectively manage participant recruitment as researchers increasingly utilise online technologies for recruitment advertising.
Developing Policies and Procedures for Restorative Accountability at Southwestern Assemblies of God UniversityThis project was designed to address a lack of policies and procedures at Southwestern Assemblies of God University that support its restorative accountability approach in addressing student conduct violations. The student handbook provides rights and responsibilities afforded each student as well as the procedures that appointed staff members are to follow in the event that campus policies are violated; however, the language used in the student handbook did not address modern student culture, nor did it procedurally assist staff members in helping students to develop spiritually. The project intervention involved staff members who address student violations with grace as well as students who have been involved in restoring students to good standing to God, the institution, and one to another. Questions originally arose from focus group data collected among student leaders during the Fall 2018 semester. The students admitted that they were not aware of how they could receive restoration through accountability because the current student handbook policies do not provide that information to them. This led to not only a redesign of the student handbook to make the language relevant to college students, but to also help them understand that following a restorative process involves discipleship for them as a person and member of a community built on a foundation of love and grace. The core of this process is found in the Apostle Paul’s theology in 2 Cor 5:11-21 as well as practices found in restorative justice.
A literatura cabralina como introdução para um novo pensamento éticoO artigo em questão, tendo como base a filosofia de Jacques Rancière e a poesia “Morte e vida Severina” de João Cabral de Melo Neto, procura realçar a relevância do pensamento literário para a compreensão a respeito da Ética. Para tanto, procurou-se agrupar as teorias (utilizando-se perspectivas de ambos sobre a arte e o papel do artista) para, então, concebendo a possibilidade de encontro teórico, criar fissuras interpretativas e a ideação do pensamento de uma Ética do Severino.