Recent Submissions

  • Transforming research ethics: the choices and challenges of researching with children

    orcid:0000-0001-5829-250X; MACNAUGHTON, GM; SMITH, KA (Open University Press, 2014-05-21)
    B1 - Chapter in Research Book
  • Orientations méthodologiques et théoriques d’une recherche collaborative sur le travail documentaire de professeures d’anglais langue étrangère

    Bento, Margaret (ACEDLERecherches en didactique des langues et des cultures, 2020-04-28)
    À partir des résultats d’une étude portant sur l’usage des ressources pédagogiques par des enseignants du secondaire en France, cet article présente une expérience de mise en œuvre de recherche collaborative entre une chercheure et cinq enseignantes d’anglais dans le secondaire sur leur travail documentaire. Les résultats mettent en évidence les logiques des enseignantes et de la chercheure orientées pour les unes sur le développement professionnel et pour l’autre sur la production de connaissances.
  • RoadEthos: Game-Based Learning to Sensitize Children on Road Safety through Ethical Reasoning

    HEROLD, PC; KHWAJA, U; MURTHY, S; DASGUPTA, C (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-05-12)
    Road safety training programs focusing on practical methods have been known to help novice drivers acquire the knowledge and skills required to drive on the road and improve their judgments. However, the attitude required for safe behavior is often overlooked, leading to road mishaps. This led us to study the ethical reasoning that influences people's attitude while taking a decision on the road. It is also reported that road safety education should commence as early as the age of 4-5 and needs to be pursued through primary and secondary school. Hence, we designed and developed a game-based learning environment, RoadEthos, using three technologies (Scratch, Arduino, 3D printer) to sensitize children towards road safety through ethical reasoning in road scenarios. The design of the game and its scenarios are based on the theoretical underpinnings of empathy and situated learning. This paper reports the results and analysis of a study conducted with 5 students of the age group 10-12, where we captured students' actions, decisions and their change in ethical reasoning, before and after interacting with this game. The paper concludes with the next steps for the project, in terms of its design and implementation. © 2019 IEEE.
  • The effect of scepticism, self-construal, and self-esteem on auditors' ethical judgments and ethical intentions in an auditor-client conflict situation

    Macquarie University. Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance; Mohammad, Hamed (Sydney, Australia : Macquarie University, 2017)
    Theoretical thesis.
  • Emergency care research ethics in low- and middle-income countries

    Millum, Joseph; Beecroft, Blythe; Hardcastle, Timothy C.; Hirshon, Jon Mark; Hyder, Adnan A.; Newberry, Jennifer A.; Saenz, Carla (2019)
    A large proportion of the total global burden of disease is caused by emergency medical conditions. Emergency care research is essential to improving emergency medicine but this research can raise some distinctive ethical challenges, especially with regard to (1) standard of care and risk–benefit assessment; (2) blurring of the roles of clinician and researcher; (3) enrolment of populations with intersecting vulnerabilities; (4) fair participant selection; (5) quality of consent; and (6) community engagement. Despite the importance of research to improve emergency care in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and the widely acknowledged ethical challenges, very little has been written on the ethics of emergency care research in LMICs. This paper examines the ethical and regulatory challenges to conducting emergency care research with human participants in LMICs. We outline key challenges, present potential solutions or frameworks for addressing these challenges, and identify gaps. Despite the ethical and regulatory challenges, conducting high-quality, ethical emergency care research in LMICs is possible and it is essential for global health.
  • Beyond the clinic? Eluding a medical diagnosis of anorexia through narrative

    Shohet, Merav (SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2020-05-11)
    The persistence and recurrence of anorexia nervosa poses a clinical challenge, and provides support for critiques of oppressive and injurious facets of society inscribed on women’s bodies. This essay illustrates how a phenomenological, linguistic anthropological approach fruitfully traverses clinical and cultural perspectives by directing attention beyond the embodied experience of patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa to those who are not clinically diagnosed. Extending a model of illness and recovery as entailing sufferers’ emplotting of past, present, and imagined future selves, I argue that women’s accounts of their experiences do not simply reflect lived reality, but actually propel health-relevant states of being by enlivening and creating these realities in the process of their telling. In indexical interaction with public and clinical discourses, narratives’ grammar, lexicon, and plot structures modify subjects’ experiences and interpretations of the events and feelings recounted. This article builds on the insight that linear narratives of “full recovery” that adopt a clinical and feminist voice can help tellers stay recovered, whereas for those “struggling to recover,” a genre of contingent, uncertain, sideshadowing narratives alternatively renders recovery an elusive and ambivalently desired object. This essay then identifies a third narrative genre, eluding a diagnosis, which combines elements of the first two genres to paradoxically keep its teller simultaneously sheltered from, and invisible to the well-meaning clutches of medical care, leaving her suffering, yet free, to starve. This focus on narrative genres illustrates the utility of linguistic analyses for discerning and interpreting distress in subclinical populations.
  • Bringing the calf back from the dead: video activism, the politics of sight and the New Zealand dairy industry

    Tulloch, Lynley; Judge, Paul (2018-08-09)
    In New Zealand one of the most significant animal rights issues is the systemic cruelty inherent in the dairy industry. This article presents a review of video activism
 as a strategy by activists in New Zealand to educate the public about the brutal and oppressive realities of dairy practices. To illustrate we offer a case study of an antidairy campaign in 2015 that was based on activist video work. This campaign was led by key animal rights groups SAFE and Farmwatch and was called The Dark Side
 of Dairy. In this case, video footage captured by activists was used to provide counter narratives to the dominant discourses of dairying and to educate the public
 about their consumption practices. We argue that dominant discourses of dairying are powerful shapers of public consciousness and based on welfarist ideology and
 myths of the rural Romantic Arcadia. To illustrate the strength of these dominant understandings we employ critical discourse analysis (CDA) and semiotic analysis. In
 teasing out the ways in which discourses of dairy farming have been constructed inNew Zealand, we demonstrate the power of political forces in preserving the status
 quo around dairying. This paper concludes that the role of animal rights video activism lies primarily in educating the public to think more deeply and critically about human-animal relations and the depravations of dairy farming. It is the basis for a pedagogy of conscientization. We conclude that conscientization of the underpinning exploitative relations of animal agriculture can occur with the aid of witness to the animal’s suffering conveyed through the medium of video
  • Validity of the French version of the Autonomy Preference Index and its adaptation for patients with advanced cancer

    Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 (UPD5); Unité fonctionnelle de médecine palliative ; AP-HP - Hôpital Cochin Broca Hôtel Dieu [Paris]-Université de Paris; Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations (CESP) ; Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ)-Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11 (UP11)-Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) (APHP)-Hôpital Paul Brousse-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); General Practice Department [Le Kremlin-Bicêtre] ; Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11 (UP11); Colombet, Isabelle; Rigal, Laurent; Urtizberea, Miren; Vinant, Pascale; Rouquette, Alexandra (HAL CCSDPublic Library of Science, 2020-01-14)
    International audience
  • The Functions of Literature: A Diachronic Perspective on the British Novel on Terrorism from the Victorian Fin de Siècle to the Present

    Gymnich, Marion; Baumann, Uwe; Stephens, Anna (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn, 2020-04-15)
    Modern terrorism emerged over 150 years ago. It not only wreaked havoc on individuals and societies and inspired widespread fear of future attacks, but also triggered a myriad of fictional responses by writers and film-makers, whose relevance for cultural production and meaning-making has drawn a lot of attention in Cultural and Literary Studies in recent years. The present study focuses on narrative fiction, and, more precisely, the British novel. From the 19thcentury anti-colonial Irish Fenians to the homegrown Jihadists of the 21st century, Britain’s experience of terrorism is long, varied and replete with actions and ideologies. Considering aspects such as the mentality, literary, cultural and political history of Britain, this work strives to illustrate how the representations have processed British terrorism discourses throughout history. Informed by a diachronic perspective, novels dealing with terrorism from the fin de siècle to the early 21st century are discussed and the continuities and differences of the novelistic representations of terrorism are elucidated. One of the key questions underlying this analysis concerns the potential literary functions that British novels dealing with terrorism may fulfil. That is, which literary strategies have been applied to realise cultural, mnemonic and ethical functions. Therefore, this study draws on contemporary theories of Cultural Studies, Memory Studies and Ethical Criticism.
  • Journalism ethics in local newspaper

    Moch. Syahri (Universitas Airlangga, 2020-03-01)
    Professional and quality journalists are subject to an ethical code and their understanding and competence of said ethics code. Ethics are the minimum values or moral traditions that are used to separate truths from mistakes and good from the bad. Journalism ethics are the rules adhered to by journalists. News coverage has objectives. In order to reach said objectives, journalists should adhere to the professional ethics that they comprehend in the news coverage. Such a comprehension cannot be separated from the different interests involved in the news production process. This research aimed to identify the journalists’ understanding of the values of independence, objectivity, their relationship with their sources and gifts from sources. This research used the phenomenology method. Data collection was done via interviews with 13 Radar Malang journalists. The data analysis employed was Turner’s Theory of Structuration. The research findings presented that first, independence and objectivity are ethical values that are impossible for journalists to maintain. This is since news writing involves interpretation and choices because writing the news is the result of the journalists’ interpretation of their economic interests and journalist idealism. The news is written with a particular tendency in mind. Objectivity is only regarded in the scope of the balance of news. Second, there is a dynamic relationship between journalists and the sources of the news. Journalists are always in a dilemma when writing news that relates to the interests of the news sources. Journalists may receive any gifts from the sources so long as they do not relate to the news. In general, journalists should refuse remittance. However, any other kinds of gifts are still tolerable.
  • Gendered leadership in crisis contexts : exploring the intersections of discourse of renewal and ethic of care

    Almalki, Shoaa (Digital Commons at St. Mary's University, 2017-04-01)
    This study examined the role of gender in crisis leadership discourse by engaging two theories, discourse of renewal theory and ethic of care, in the context of General Motors’ (GM) deadly ignition switch crisis. The purpose of this study was to explore the intersections of discourse of renewal, ethic of care, and gendered leadership focusing on the role of feminine attributes in crisis communication and applying the findings to draw new insights about the glass cliff effect. Using thematic analysis and case study methods, I analyzed current GM CEO Mary Barra’s discourse in speeches and social media posts to answer research questions RQ1: How did GM CEO Mary Barra’s crisis communication represent stereotypically feminine leadership qualities, if at all? RQ2: How do discourse of renewal themes apply to Mary Barra’s speeches and social media posts, if at all? RQ3: How do ethic of care qualities apply to Mary Barra’s speeches and social media posts, if at all? RQ4: How is discourse of renewal theory gendered, if at all? The findings provide an explanation of how the presence of feminine qualities in Barra’s discourse influences her crisis communication style. Also, the results suggest that leaders who have more feminine attributes including being visible, present, and caring about others, could be seen as more favorable in times of crisis. This explanation gives more insights on how glass cliff effect could be a strategy that organizations pursue to help communicate better with their publics during difficult times. Moreover, the overlap I found between DRT and ethic of care themes suggest that the leader-based theory presents more feminine qualities like courage, responsibility, and responsiveness to others’ needs. This overlap provides a new insight into how DRT is gendered.
  • Strategic public procurement regulatory compliance model with mediating effect of ethical behavior

    Dauda Ibrahim Sarawa; Abdulsalam Mas'ud (Elsevier, 2020-01-01)
    The paper proposes and validates the strategic public procurement regulatory compliance model with mediation effect of ethical behavior. It expands the socio-economic theory of regulatory compliance to explore the mediating effect of ethical behavior on the influence of professionalism, familiarity, enforcement, resistance to political pressure and compliance with public procurement regulation. A quantitative research design was deployed using 125 procurement officers as a sample group. The data from the sample was analyzed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The results validated the hypotheses for the strategic public procurement regulatory compliance model with mediation effect of ethical behavior. The study not only confirmed the earlier findings on the direct effects of professionalism, familiarity, enforcement, resistance to political pressure and ethical behavior on compliance, but also established the mediating effect of ethical behavior on compliance on all the predictors except resistance to political pressure. The study implied that ethical behavior of public procurement officers should be a strategic point of concern by both policymakers and professional bodies. Theoretically, the studyexpands thesocio-economic theory of regulatory compliance within the context of procurement literature through mediation effects of ethical behavior via structural analysis.
  • Normed Children

    Schneider, Erik; Baltes-Löhr, Christel (transcript Verlag, 2018)
    Gender- and sex-related norms have an impact on us from the first to the last day of our lives. What are the effects of such norms on the education of children and adolescents? Conveyed via parents/family, school, and peers, they seem to be an inseparable part of human relations. After its favorable reception in German-speaking countries from 2014 onwards, this title is now available in English. The texts show that the traditional assumption of a dualistic, bipolar normativity of sex and gender leads to children being taught gender-typical behavior. The contributions in this volume explore the reasons for these practices and open the debate on the divergence between the prevailing norms and the plurality of different life plans. In addition, the book helps to disengage the topic of sex and gender from a hitherto narrowly circumscribed context of sexual orientation. The contributions point the way towards a culture of respect and mutual acceptance and show new methodological as well as theoretical approaches, e.g. by introducing the figure of the continuum, so that, in future research projects, more than just the two sexes and genders of female and male might be considered as a new normality.
  • First referral to an integrated onco- palliative care program: a retrospective analysis of its timing

    Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 (UPD5); CHU Cochin [AP-HP]; Service de Cancérologie Médicale [AP-HP Cochin] ; CHU Cochin [AP-HP]; Palliative Medicine [Paris] ; CHU Cochin [AP-HP]; Barth, Claire; Colombet, Isabelle; Montheil, Vincent; Huillard, Olivier; Boudou-Rouquette, Pascaline; Tlemsani, Camille; et al. (HAL CCSDBioMed Central, 2020-12)
    International audience
  • Multicentre analysis of intensity of care at the end-of-life in patients with advanced cancer, combining health administrative data with hospital records: variations in practice call for routine quality evaluation

    Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 (UPD5); Institut Curie; Service de Cancérologie Médicale [AP-HP Cochin] ; CHU Cochin [AP-HP]; Palliative Medicine [Paris] ; CHU Cochin [AP-HP]; Colombet, Isabelle; Bouleuc, Carole; Piolot, Alain; Vilfaillot, Aurélie; Jaulmes, Hélène; Voisin-Saltiel, Sabine; et al. (HAL CCSDBioMed Central, 2019-12)
    International audience
  • Gabon : éthique de la résistance face au nihilisme d'Etat : chroniques sur une décennie d'imposture politique

    Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherches sur les Langues et la Pensée - EA 4299 (CIRLEP); Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne (URCA); Mvé Bekale, Marc (HAL CCSDParis : L'Harmattan, 2019)
    International audience
  • Ethics theory and theory of reasoned action in e-book piracy

    Izzatul Jannah; Muamar Nur Kholid (Ümit Hacıoğlu, 2020-04-01)
    This research was aimed to analyze the factors affecting accounting students’ intention in carrying out e-book piracy. This research integrated the theory of reasoned action and ethics theory. This was quantitative research with a survey method. Data in this research were collected from respondents who filled in questionnaires. The respondents in this research were accounting students of Universities in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The data were analyzed using the Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM) supported by SmartPLS 3.0 software. The results of the analysis showed that attitude, subjective norm, perceived benefit, and moral obligation significantly affected the intention of carrying out E-book piracy. Meanwhile, the perceived risk significantly affected the attitude toward piracy. Furthermore, this research discussed both theoretical and practical impacts based on the results of data analysis.
  • Teaching seven principles for public health ethics: towards a curriculum for a short course on ethics in public health programmes

    École des Hautes Études en Santé Publique [EHESP] (EHESP); Département des sciences humaines et sociales (SHS) ; École des Hautes Études en Santé Publique [EHESP] (EHESP); Institute of Public Health ; JU Medical College; Schröder-Bäck, Peter; Duncan, Peter; Sherlaw, William; Brall, Caroline; Czabanowska, Katarzyna (HAL CCSDBioMed Central, 2014-12)
    International audience
  • Pendedahan terhadap dasar-dasar kerajaan lahirkan generasi berintegriti dan berwawasan

    Hasnah, Hussiin (2020-04-17)
    Peranan kerajaan dalam memperkenalkan dan melaksanakan dasar-dasar negara tidak dapat dinafikan lagi. Ianya telah bermula sejak pengenalan Rancangan Pembangunan Lima Tahun Negara yang digubal sejak sebelum negara ini mencapai kemerdekaan. Pengenalan dasar pembangunan negara lebih jelas dan lebih rancak memfokuskan isu-isu tertentu bermula pada tahun 1970 sehingga kini. Secara amnya, penggubalan dasar-dasar negara dilaksanakan selaras dengan pembangunan sosioekonomi dan politik negara semasa. Ia bersifat tidak statik dan sentiasa mengalami perubahan mengikut pucuk pimpinan dan juga nilai masyarakat dari semasa ke semasa.

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