Research on pedagogic effectiveness in sport teaching - doi: 10.4025/reveducfis.v21i1.6914
Author(s)Pereira, Felismina Rosa Marques; Faculty of Sport - University of Porto
Mesquita, Isabel Maria Ribeiro; Faculty of Sport - University of Porto, Portugal
Graça, Amândio Braga dos Santos; Faculty of Sport - University of Porto
Contributor(s)Foundation for science and tecnology (FCT) de Portugal (SFRH/BD//45386/2008)
Trabalho financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) de Portugal com a referência SFRH/BD//45386/2008.
KeywordsTeaching effectiveness. Sport. Instruction.
Eficácia pedagógica. Desporto. Instrução
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThe present study intends to make a brief revision on the investigation centred on teaching effectiveness in Sport, defining its range in a group of variables that marked the empirical investigation in this domain. It starts by situating the role of the systematic observation of the teaching-learning behaviours in the development of the investigation, highlighting the relevance of some general instructional strategies in the teaching effectiveness, among which the feedback stands out. It emphasizes the relevance conferred to the relation between the substantive content and the pedagogic procedures, which join in the act of teaching, which legitimizes the emergency of the Pedagogic Content knowledge concept. Finally, it examines instructional approaches in ecological contexts, associated to the optimization of the learning environments, to the accountability systems' resources and to the structuring of learning tasks, which acquires particular relevance at the actual agenda of the investigation.
O presente estudo pretende realizar uma breve revisão da investigação centrada na eficácia pedagógica no ensino do Desporto delimitando o seu âmbito a um conjunto de variáveis que marcaram, incontornavelmente, a investigação empírica neste domínio. Inicia por situar o papel da observação sistemática dos comportamentos de ensino-aprendizagem na evolução da investigação, destacando a relevância de algumas estratégias instrucionais gerais na eficácia pedagógica, entre as quais sobressai o feedback. Enfatiza a relevância conferida à relação entre os conteúdos substantivos de ensino e os procedimentos pedagógicos, que se interligam no acto de ensino, legitimando a emergência do conceito conhecimento pedagógico do conteúdo. Finalmente, estuda as abordagens instrucionais em contextos ecológicos associados à optimização dos ambientes de aprendizagem, ao recurso de sistemas de accountability e à estruturação das tarefas de aprendizagem, adquirindo particular relevância na agenda actual da investigação.
Copyright/License• All papers submitted will be reviewed by at least two reviewers with expertise and professional competence in their area of work which will be used by editors to decide on acceptance. The criteria for evaluating the articles include: originality, contribution to knowledge in physical education, methodological consistence, clarity and timeliness. Articles accepted for publication will undergo editorial revisions to facilitate clarity and understanding without altering its contents. • Article submitted for publication must observe the Copyright Law, n.9.610 of February 19, 1998, as well as a review in Portuguese and English are responsibility of the authors. • The Journal of Physical Education / UEM requires that all proper procedures for obtaining informed consent and informed consent (IC) of the subjects for participation in the study have been adopted. No need to specify the procedures, but must be indicated in the text in the "Method" that the individuals consent was obtained, indicating that the study was approved by the Ethics in Research involving Humans, As well cite the number the protocol involving animal experiments must include a statement in the "Method" that the experiments were conducted in accordance with the regulations on the subject adopted in the country. • The authors are obliged to declare the assignment of copyright and that your manuscript is an original work, and not being subjected, in part or in whole, the analysis for publication in another journal. This statement will be required at time of article submission on Electronic System for Journal Publishing (SEER). • The Journal reserves the copyright. Allows citations to your content on other vehicles of scientific and technical information, provided that the source is mentioned. • The entries will be preliminarily examined by the Editorial Board. No need to recast, will be sent to the author for the necessary modifications, with 15 days to return. They would then be referred for up to three ad hoc consultants. Those accepted will be grouped in the section that best fit, the number that is being prepared or another the next. • At the main author who has published your article will be provided a printed copy of the relevant issue of the magazine.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
RESPONSE TO THE STUDY OF GÓMEZ-LÓPEZ ET AL. "PERCEIVED BARRIERS BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THE PRACTICE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES. J SPORT SCI & MED 9, 374-38, 2010"Robert Whitham; Bryn Saville (University of Uludag, 2011-03-01)The article by Manuel Gómez-López et al., 2010 was read with interest by student members of Cardiff University's newly formed Sports and Exercise Medicine Society. As medical students we, more than most, are aware of the long term effects that a sedentary lifestyle may bring and its impact on a healthcare system such as ours in the United Kingdom (UK).We found the results of the study intriguing, particularly regarding the 'external barriers-lack of time' category as an important factor in not participating in sports. In the UK there is one afternoon every week which is set aside purely for sporting activities, providing the time to train and compete against other universities. Furthermore, UK universities on the whole offer more advanced and diverse facilities than those available to people at school, whilst there is also a greater number of sporting and exercise opportunities for people to partake in. University is potentially one of the best times in life to expand one's horizons and spend time enjoying the various extra-curricular activities that there is on offer, hence it is crucial that any perceived barriers to this are broken down to allow implementation of a healthy routine. Physical activity has been shown to decrease psychosocial stress and cardiovascular mortality (Milani and Lavie, 2009), something that would surely be considered positive if a sedentary individual were contemplating regular exercise.As future doctors we are concerned about an obesity epidemic that is only becoming more severe. Much of adult obesity has its roots in childhood (Sinha and Kling, 2009) and in modern times many children progress to university and further education. With students as the next generation of parents and working people, there should be a clear focus, especially across the developed world, on improving involvement in physical activities in the hope of decreasing prospective morbidity and the strain this brings to each nation's health service.It is undisputed that a lot of time is required to meet educational requirements and academic deadlines, yet it is not immensely difficult for those with an interest in sport to also pursue these activities. Medicine is a demanding and time-consuming course, yet the majority of medical students in our year at Cardiff regularly participate in sports, many of us acquiring important roles within the clubs whilst competing to high standards. We believe that students in the UK who have adopted an inactive way of life may be influenced by intrinsic factors, such as those mentioned within the article, to a greater extent than proposed. It would be easy for people to blame extrinsic factors in this questionnaire to hide their own lack of motivation. Although these intrinsic traits cannot truly be altered, educational institutes should commit to provide the facilities and spare time for sport amongst this age group, therefore partially reducing the hindrance of any external factors. The important observations made by Gómez-López et al. should not be taken for granted; it is crucial that a healthy lifestyle is promoted from an early age to maintain a good level of physical and mental health. Universities have a duty to their students whereby they should remove any barriers preventing students from practicing their chosen activity. In the future we hope that participation levels will continue to rise, bringing with it all the associated benefits.
OPTIMIZING BONE MASS AND STRENGTH: THE ROLE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND NUTRITION DURING GROWTH (MEDICINE & SPORT SCIENCE, VOL 51)R. M. Daly; M. A. Petit (University of Uludag, Turkey, 2007-09-01)DESCRIPTION This volume describes and discusses the maturation of bone in children and adolescents. The focus is on the role of physical activity for optimizing this process. PURPOSE To provide an up to date review of the factors that influence the development of bone health during childhood and adolescence. AUDIENCE Exercise specialists, pediatricians, nutritionists, biomedical researchers, sports medics and any public health professional will find this book very helpful when dealing with optimizing bone development and/or maintaining bone health. FEATURES The featured subjects are: Osteoporosis: A Pediatric Concern?; The Biomechanical Basis of Bone Strength Development during Growth; The Effect of Exercise on Bone Mass and Structural Geometry during Growth; Evidence for an Interaction between Exercise and Nutrition for Improved Bone Health during Growth; Gene- Environment Interactions in the Skeletal Response to Nutrition and Exercise during Growth; The Effect of Energy Balance on Endocrine Function and Bone Health in Youth; Risk Factors for Fractures in Normally Active Children and Adolescents; Does Exercise during Growth Prevent Fractures in Later Life?; Lessons Learned from School-Based Skeletal Loading Intervention Trials: Putting Research into Practice. ASSESSMENT The editors have assembled the 51st' volume of Medicine and Sports Science as a necessary reading for exercise specialists, pediatricians, nutritionists, and/or any public health professionals interested in understanding and improving the health of bone in children and adults. The book provides an excellent source of recent information on the subject
TAI CHI CHUAN: STATE OF THE ART IN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH: VOL 52 (MEDICINE & SPORT SCIENCE)Youlian Hong (University of Uludag, 2008-09-01)DESCRIPTION This collection on the latest and practical research data about the characteristics and beneficial effects of Tai Chi Chuan on various physiological and pathological matters is published as the 52nd volume of Medicine and Sport Science Journal. PURPOSE To address the effects of Tai Chi Chuan in the fields of biomechanics and physiology, sensory motor control and fall prevention, psychology and social aspects, as well as various clinical applications. FEATURES The book is organised into four sections, each containing four to seven chapters: the first section focuses on biomechanical and physiological aspects of Tai Chi in seven chapters, the second section addresses the benefits of the sport in terms of sensory motor control and fall prevention in five chapters, the third section highlights the psychological and social aspects in four chapters, and in the last section the application of Tai Chi in clinical intervention such as in Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's diseases, coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure, breast cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes is demonstrated in six chapters. AUDIENCE This is a thorough reference book for students, researchers, teachers and healthcare professionals in exercise science and medicine. In fact, anyone already practicing Tai Chi Chuan or considering it up would benefit from this book. ASSESSMENT This 52nd volume of Medicine and Sport Science Journal on Tai Chi Chuan is a valuable and essential source of information brought together by recognized researchers around the Globe. The book is for everybody who is interested in understanding the effects and application of this fascinating form of exercise which has been developed as a form of martial arts and used for health exercise for centuries in China.