Energy and Development : ecological modernisation in Sida's energy policies 1996/2005
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Earth and Environmental Sciences
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AbstractEcological modernisation has together with sustainable development reached a hegemonic status in the current environmental discourse. In the 1970&#39;s, the environmental crisis was blamed on modernity and technology and environmental protection was a prioritised area within the environmental movement. Today, it is believed that the crisis is to be solved with technical innovations and keywords are (economic) development and education. As energy is crucial to human survival, the author found it appropriate to study in what direction the energy and environment discussion is moving. This is mainly carried out by the comparison of the two latest energy policies of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).<br> <br> What can be concluded is that ecological modernisation still is an ongoing process where the word sustainability has a central position. During the 1990&#39;s Sida embraced environmentalist ideals (within the discourse of ecological modernisation) but now the aid is performed on traditional development principles with poverty alleviation as its main goal. The message in the 2005 energy policy is that a good environment has its roots in development, but development must come in a &quot;sustainable&quot; package.