Envíos recientes

  • Accountability practices in research and publication ethics on the web. Linguistic and discursive features

    Tessuto, Girolamo; University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli' (Coordinamento SIBA - Università del Salento, 2020-06-23)
    With the large increase in the amount of published research being carried out throughout the world, potential is mounting for ethical practices to take a back seat in the apparent frequency of reported cases of scientific misconduct. While these cases erode the credibility of scientific research and public trust in the publication process, they often delineate accountabilities between conflicting parties and require organisational and institutional responses to good research practices based on fundamental, ethical principles of research integrity. In this paper, I explore the linguistic and discursive features of research and publication ethics in a representative corpus of misconduct cases as a genre created and maintained by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) organisation over its website. Using a combined framework of methodological perspectives from functionally-defined criteria of discourse and genre categorizations (Askehave, Swales 2001; Bhatia 2004; Swales 2004) alongside evaluation (Hunston, Thompson 2000) and stance-taking (Biber et al. 1999; Hyland 2005), this study looks at the discourse organisational structure of texts with identifiable communicative moves and associated language use to unveil the types of social actors’ relations and identities constructed through “Action”, “Representation” and “Identification” (Fairclough 2003) of the social events and practices in question via recontextualization and interdiscursivity (Bhatia 2004, 2017; Fairclough 2003; Sarangi, Brookers-Howell 2006). Linguistic and rhetorical choices made on recontextualized and representational features of text reveal how cases set the tone for accountability between the social actors (parties) involved in matters of research ethics, and how they allow the organisation to take responsibility for the integrity of their research conduct by fostering a climate of responsible practices and adjusting party accountabilities. Attending to both linguistic and discursive features, the communicative practices of the case genre authenticate the competing social relations, identities, values or interests of the parties in this kind of discourse representation, and align the institutional action, identity and values of the organisation with social norms when legitimising its commitment to create and preserve conditions for ethical principles and professional standards essential for a range of responsible practices of research publishing.
  • Inflections of the modern state from the ethical-labor implications, generated by the disruption of the fourth technological revolution

    Morales Loya, Rocío Abril (CICSH-AL. RELIGACIÓN. CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS SOCIALES Y HUMANIDADES DESDE AMÉRICA LATINA, 2019-11-30)
    Technology has been an important engine in the economic-social configuration of the State due to the centralization or social decentralization of work. The aim of this article is to perform a theoretical analysis from the visions of postmodernity (Zygmund Bauman), cosmopolitan society and social container theory (Ulrich Beck) and pragmatic social theory (Richard Sennett); regarding the sociological conceptualization of work ethics and its implications in the construction, perpetuation or extinction of the modern state. Through this one, due to the implications of the technological advances of the so-called fourth technological revolution, or industry 4.0. The foregoing, with the purpose of explaining the inflections of the political composition of the State before the ethical challenges of labor flexibility and job insecurity.
  • Éthique et recherches sur le VIH : un sujet exceptionnellement fécond !

    Recherches Translationnelles sur le VIH et les maladies infectieuses (TransVIHMI); Université Montpellier 1 (UM1)-Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)-Université Cheikh Anta Diop [Dakar, Sénégal] (UCAD)-Universtié Yaoundé 1 [Cameroun]-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Université de Montpellier (UM); Msellati, Philippe; Musso, S. (HAL CCSDAssociation des anciens élèves de l'Institut Pasteur, 2019)
    L'histoire sociale de la lutte contre le sida est celle d'une arène singulière, où se mêlent chercheurs, activistes, soignants et responsables de politiques de santé nationales et/ou internationale. La lutte contre le sida a également eu un impact considérable, à la fois sur la reformulation des rapports entre médecins et patients, chercheurs et profanes, mais aussi du fait de la revendication portée par certains des acteurs de cette lutte d'être des "sujets" et non des "objets" de la recherche. Tout comme le virus de l'immunodéficience humaine ou VIH a été un révélateur et un réformateur social dans nos sociétés, la lutte contre le sida a aussi été traversée de controverses et débats éthiques. Dans ce domaine il a eu pour effet la mise en place de pratiques nouvelles.
  • Relational issues and application limits of Advance Directives : a qualitative exploratory study among doctors

    Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM); Aix Marseille Université (AMU); Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale (LPS) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU); Service d'oncologie multidisciplinaire innovations thérapeutiques [Hôpital Nord - APHM] ; Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM)- Hôpital Nord [CHU - APHM]; Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique et Santé (ADES) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-EFS ALPES MEDITERRANEE-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Eon, Béatrice; PAUL, Merlin; Cannone, Patrice; Le Coz, Pierre; Dany, Lionel (HAL CCSDChêne-Bourg: Editions Médecine et hygiène, 2017)
    International audience
  • Psychosocial risks and quality of life at work: An articulation through the prism of law and an ethical approach

    Centre de Droit Comparé du Travail et de la Sécurité Sociale (COMPTRASEC); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université de Bordeaux (UB); Lerouge, Loïc (HAL CCSDSciences & bonheur, 2020)
    National audience
  • What the Island Provides: Island Sustainability and Island-Human Relationality

    Brandy Nālani McDougall (eScholarship Publishing, University of California, 2019-07-01)
    <em></em><p class="Body"><em> </em></p><em></em><p class="Body">In this essay I examine three artworks featured in this issue: Chris Charteris’s<em> Te ma</em>; Maile Andrade’s <em>Hana ka Lima</em>; and Ibrahim Miranda’s <em>Isla laboratorio o 7 maravillas</em> or <em>Island Laboratory of 7 Wonders</em>. Following descriptions of the artworks and their materials, I assert that each piece emphasizes what I refer to as “island-human relationality,” which recognizes human interconnections and kinship with the island. Such kinship, I argue, entails the human adoption of an ethic of island sustainability, of humans receiving what the island provides, while also ensuring the island is not exploited or abused for its resources.</p><em> </em><p class="Body"><em> </em></p><em></em>
  • El tratamiento periodístico del suicidio en diarios digitales de Argentina, España y Perú

    Graña, Silvina; Meneses Fernández, María Dolores (2019)
    This work shows an analysis of the journalistic treatment of four cases of suicide of international celebrities in digital newspapers of three Spanish-speaking countries: Argentina, Spain and Peru. Two of them, Argentina and Peru, regulate the treatment of suicide through their deontological codes. In Spain, none of the deontological codes applied at the national level do so. The chosen cases have been those of Chester Bennington, Robin Williams, Tony Scott and Alexander McQueen. Our goal was to identify the degree of adequacy of the media to self-regulation norms and to the recommendations of health professionals. We did an analysis of journalistic content, deontological codes and international guidelines prepared by health experts. The results reveal the dysfunction in the informative treatment and the deontological norms regarding the international directives.
  • Victoria’s Voluntary Assisted Dying Act: navigating the section 8 gag clause

    Moore, Bryanna; Hempton, Courtney; Kendal, Evie (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia, 2020-02-01)
  • What is behind the Financial Performance of Ethical Funds ? A Study of the American Market

    Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion (CERAG); Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 (UPMF)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Burlacu, Radu; Girerd-Potin, Isabelle; Dupre, Denis (HAL CCSDPalgrave MacMillan,, 2007)
  • Entrée en institution d'une personne âgée : quel consentement ?

    Service de médecine gériatrique; CHU Bordeaux [Bordeaux]-Groupe Hospitalier Sud-Hôpital Xavier Arnozan; Rainfray, Muriel (HAL CCSDERENA, 2018)
    Bien qu'encadré par des textes règlementaires et des recommandations de bonnes pratiques, le consentement des personnes âgées à une entrée en institution soulève encore des difficultés dont il faut prendre conscience pour mieux les accompagner dans cette décision qui reste toujours difficile à prendre. L'explication claire des conséquences qu'entraine l'entrée en institution, le respect d'un temps de réflexion suffisamment long, l'aide nécessaire à la résolution des problèmes financiers sont des éléments importants à prendre en compte pour respecter le mieux possible le droit de chaque personne âgée de choisir son lieu de vie. Une réflexion sur la liberté de chaque personne âgée de prendre des risques pour rester à domicile devrait être un des éléments de la formation des soignants.
  • Business Powers of Attorney for Nebraska Farm and Ranch Business Owners

    Aiken, J. David (DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln, 2020-06-22)
    This publication introduces the POA concept and discusses the Nebraska statutory form POA and its limitations. The purpose is to familiarize the reader with POAs, including their use and misuse, so that they can interact more effectively with their attorney in developing a POA, should they need one. Disclaimer This information is intended for educational purposes only; it must not be taken as legal advice or as a substitute for legal advice. If you have legal questions about developing and implementing a power of attorney for operating your business should you be unable to do so yourself, contact an attorney.
  • Treating the real or the digital patient? : impact of e-health applications on patient autonomy and the patient-doctor relationship : an ethical assessment

    Moerenhout, TaniaGE390001512414878020022165850000-0002-6742-52607E24404E-7388-11E5-974B-880FB5D1D7B1; Devisch, IgnaaspromotorGE398010012381220000-0002-8520-4832F57343A0-F0ED-11E1-A9DE-61C894A0A6B4; Provoost, VeerlecopromotorLW010019923953568010020465550000-0003-4451-3425F7EEBB64-F0ED-11E1-A9DE-61C894A0A6B4; De Sutter, AncopromotorGE390019833577848010009558120000-0002-2540-8307F4CC8D08-F0ED-11E1-A9DE-61C894A0A6B4 (Ghent, Belgium Ghent University. Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, 2019)
    Public defense: 2019-12-16 12:00
  • Grāmata par laulību

    Ausējs, Longīns (2020-06-17)
  • Scienza e società: sinergie e criticità nell’era digitale

    Michela Luzi; Marino D'Amore (Firenze University Press, 2020-05-01)
    In the historical season of communicative and existential immateriality, man must necessarily abandon his solipsistic immobility to embrace collaborative sharing. A new condition that completely changes anthropic sociality, makes it strongly participatory, both at a structural level and at a purely emotional level. Science acts as a catalyst and contextualizing spark for this process, through its different forms, acting as a unifying element between tradition and innovation. Internet, in this sex, acts as a communicative tool of this union, neutralizing the spatial and temporal dimension, systematically updating processes of socialization and collaboration that provide a representation of reality, both scientific and social, sometimes congruent and true, others deeply sweetened and fictitious. In the first case, this simulacrum of the real as such is useful and aimed at the establishment and increase of a collective intelligence that uses different contributions and hetero-directed, in the second, however, delivers a false vision, factious, functional to other purposes that relate to the persuasion fidelizing, betraying, in fact, the very essence of the scientific mission.
  • Rumeurs et manipulations de marché : comment éviter les pratiques illicites ?

    Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion (CERAG); Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 (UPMF)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Albouy, M. (HAL CCSDAssociation Francophone de Comptabilité, 2006)
    Comment prévenir les risques éthiques liés à la diffusion de fausses informations ou de rumeurs sur le marché financier ? Dans quelle mesure les rumeurs peuvent-elles fausser le processus de formation des cours, et donc l'évaluation de l'entreprise ? Cet article s'efforce de répondre à ces questions en s'appuyant sur la réglementation française en matière d'abus de marché et d'un cas récent de manipulation de cours : la rumeur d'offre publique d'achat (OPA) sur Danone en juillet 2005. Bien que le régulateur du marché français – l'Autorité des marchés Financiers (AMF) – dispose d'outils pour prévenir les risques éthiques, il apparaît in fine que la prévention de ces risques se heurte à de nombreuses difficultés.
  • Migrant care workers in elderly care: what a study of media representations suggests about Sweden as a caring democracy

    Sandra Torres; Jonas Lindblom (Linköping University Electronic Press, 2020-06-01)
    This article sheds light on the ways in which migrant care workers in the elderly care sector were represented in Swedish daily newspaper articles published between 1995 and 2017 (n = 370); it uses the notions of the “ethics of care” and “caring democracy” as a prism through which the findings can be made sense of. By bringing attention to the fact that they are often described as the solution par excellence to the staffing crisis Swedish elderly care is experiencing, this article draws attention to portrayals of these workers as people who are  both particularly good at caring and capable of providing culture-appropriate care. Thus, although depicted as “particular Others,” these workers are represented as an asset to the sector – a sector that is thought to offer much needed but highly undervalued services. By bringing attention to both of these representations, and using the theoretical and conceptual framework “ethics of care” formulated by Tronto, the article questions whether Sweden – a country often described as the epitome of an egalitarian society – can be regarded as a caring democracy.
  • “The time has come for a new word”: Katherine Mansfield’s Literary Ethics

    Alice BORREGO (Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherches sur le Monde Anglophone (LERMA), 2020-06-01)
    This article examines how Katherine Mansfield’s literary ethics and aesthetics were challenged by the First World War. Mainly focusing on her non-fictional writings, it suggests that the conflict led Mansfield to develop and call for an ethical responsibility towards her entire generation – a disposition that finds its expression in her fragmented literary technique. Dwelling on what Stephen Ross calls a modernist “ethical impulse to improve upon the status quo”, this article aims at showing how the war progressively led Mansfield to draw a modernist manifesto that advocated a “new word”.
  • Barriers in Referring Neonatal Patients to Perinatal Palliative Care: A French Multicenter Survey

    Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique et Santé (ADES) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-EFS ALPES MEDITERRANEE-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Service de Néonatologie ; Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM)- Hôpital Nord [CHU - APHM]; Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale (LPS) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU); Departement d'oncologie ; Hôpital de la Timone [CHU - APHM] (TIMONE); Service de Néonatologie ; CHU Pontchaillou [Rennes]; Santé Publique et maladies Chroniques : Qualité de vie Concepts, Usages et Limites, Déterminants (SPMC) ; Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM)-Aix Marseille Université (AMU); Tosello, Barthélémy; Dany, Lionel; Bétrémieux, Pierre; Le Coz, Pierre; et al. (HAL CCSDPublic Library of Science, 2015-05-15)
    International audience
  • Human Rights Education in Religious Culture and Ethics Courses

    Emine Zehra Turan (Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 2020-06-01)
    All individuals expect to be informed about and respectful of human rights for the sake of international peace. This study aims to evaluate students' views and suggestions on Religious Culture and Ethics courses regarding human rights education in Turkey. A qualitative method was followed by adopting a case study inquiry. The participants were 7th and 8th grade students studying at a secondary school in Turkey. There were 30 voluntarily participants who took part in the study, and completed a questionnaire on the Religious Culture and Ethics Course. The results indicated that religious culture and ethics courses were considered as one of the most suitable platforms in which to teach human rights. The results also reported that there were fundamental differences in the perception of religious education and the emphasis on human and individual rights in religious culture and ethics courses, and instead of universal values, the results show that Islamic values were prioritized rather over universal values. The participants, who talked about the need to cooperate with other courses in a multidisciplinary way to ensure human rights education wanted to find solutions for the security of humanity in this age of wars and migrations. Based on these results, the subjects and themes covered in religious culture and ethics courses can be reviewed and teachers should be more sensitive while teaching human rights. In this regard, educational researchers and practitioners need tools that can be applied in a range of local, national, and international contexts and scales in this age.
  • Студија за византиската дипломатика (Приватноправни акти) од И. П. Медведев (превод од руски)

    Golakov, Kostadin (Арс студио Скопје, 2019)
    Превод од руски јазик на делото „Очерки византийской дипломатики : (частноправовой акт) од И. П. Медведев.

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