Research Ethics by Disciplines is part of Educational Collections; it is focusing on main disciplines of research and related specific ethical concerns.

Recent Submissions

  • Medicine and Wisdom. Essay on Hippocratic Philosophy

    Conseil national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) ; National Council for Scientific Research [Lebanon] (CNRS-L); Université de Nice - Sophia Antipolis; Clément Rosset; Ayache, Laurent (HAL CCSD, 1997-10-25)
    The Hippocratic Collection presents this remarkable feature that technical medical texts are strewn with ethical precepts with no apparent link between the two registers. The essay that I am submitting attempts to support the following hypothesis: if the Hippocratic doctors did not distinguish, in their writings, ethics and technique, it is because these ethical precepts are derived from medicine in the same way as the techniques of care .Hence the general question of my work: What is Hippocratic medicine, as long as it produces not only healing techniques, but also ethics? What is this ethics, insofar as it is produced by medical thought?The essay is primarily devoted to the first of these two questions. He tries to show that Hippocratic medicine is not a simple technique which would have recourse to philosophy, morals, religion or politics with regard to the relative problems, upstream, to its epistemological foundations or those relating, downstream, to the regulation of its applications.Indeed, unlike techniques, Hippocratic medicine cannot produce a defined object. Medical concepts apply in all fields. The only possible definition of Hippocratic medicine concerns its end: human health. Hippocratic physicians have developed a thought which enables them to attempt to give human life the greatest amplitude and the longest duration. Medicine as a whole is an ethic of health. This attitude which I call the medical resolution is opposed, in my opinion, to the philosophical approach which arose around the same time. Indeed, only medicine is the human assumption of the value promoted by life itself, namely health. Philosophy, for its part, seeks to justify life by enclosing it in a network of logos which exceeds it on all sides.All medical thought is directed towards this end: to give life its widest range. Now, if it is true that we do not treat man, but the individual, medicine has had to develop a method targeting the singular. Plato testifies, in the Phaedrus, of this method. It is a matter of relating the part to the totality on which it depends.
  • Standing on the edge of yesterday: A dilemma of oral knowledge in a West Coast family

    Snively, Gloria; Chipps-Sawyer, Allis Pakki (2007-09-17)
 The Nitinaht language and traditional knowledge that was usually transmitted from the older to the younger family members is on the verge of being lost forever. As a member of a Nitinaht family, I have concentrated on finding the Elders in our family, who are spread all over Vancouver Island, in an attempt to try to find a way to preserve this invaluable knowledge and to pass it on to future generations. 
 This information was recorded and will be presented through interactive multimedia, which allows for the transmission of oral information such as stories, photographs, interviews, family trees, history, language and anecdotes. Since modern technology and traditional knowledge seem at the opposite ends of the spectrum, the research also looked into the acceptability of this method of transmission. 
 Much traditional knowledge is confidential, and thus is not part of the written dissertation; however, much information is included without disrespect for our beliefs as ideas for future research. The written documentation includes a history of our family, discussion of the beauty and uniqueness of the Diitidaht (Nitinaht) language, a narration of our last Puku’u basket weaver, and a description of the “Family First” interactive multimedia program.
  • Seneca saepe noster. Articles de M. Armisen-Marchetti sur l’œuvre de Sénèque (1981-2013) réunis en son honneur, en collaboration avec J.-P. Aygon & F. Ripoll, Bordeaux, Ausonius, « Scripta Antiqua » 138, 2020, 423 p.

    Patrimoine, Littérature, Histoire (PLH); Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès (UT2J); Aygon, Jean-Pierre; COURTIL, Jean-Christophe; Ripoll, François (HAL CCSD, 2020-10-01)
    International audience
  • La théorie des humeurs chez Sénèque : un exemple d'éclectisme médical ?

    Patrimoine, Littérature, Histoire (PLH); Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès (UT2J); COURTIL, Jean-Christophe (HAL CCSDPresses universitaires du Mirail, 2020)
    International audience
  • Compte-rendu de l'ouvrage d'A. Gautherie, "Rhétorique et thérapeutique dans le De medicina de Celse"

    Patrimoine, Littérature, Histoire (PLH); Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès (UT2J); COURTIL, Jean-Christophe (HAL CCSDSociété d’Études Latines de Bruxelles – Latomus, 2019)
  • In silico prediction of protein-protein interactions in human macrophages

    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Médicale, Biotechnologies et Biomolécules (LR11IPT06) ; Institut Pasteur de Tunis ; Réseau International des Instituts Pasteur (RIIP)-Réseau International des Instituts Pasteur (RIIP); Technologies avancées pour le génôme et la clinique (TAGC) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Laboratoire de Modélisation Mathématique et Numérique dans les Sciences de l'Ingénieur [Tunis] (LR-LAMSIN-ENIT) ; Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis (ENIT) ; Université de Tunis El Manar (UTM)-Université de Tunis El Manar (UTM); Souiai, Oussema; Guerfali, Fatma; Ben Miled, Slimane; Brun, Christine; Benkahla, Alia (HAL CCSDBioMed Central, 2014)
    International audience
  • Éthique et intelligence artificielle

    Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique et Santé (ADES); Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-EFS ALPES MEDITERRANEE-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Le Coz, P. (HAL CCSDElsevier Masson, 2020-09)
    International audience
  • Political Ethics by Sheikh Hasina And Khaleda Zia’s Government from 2009 to Present: A Research on Literature Review

    Mohammad Eisa Ruhullah; Zuly Qodir (Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, 2020-11-01)
    The principal motive of this research is to analyze the status of ethical, democratic government and Public Services in Bangladesh. This paper examines the state of democratic governance in various rulers of Bangladesh, especially during Sheikh Hasina and Khaleda Zia’s governmental from 2009  to present. With qualitavie method This paper begins with a conceptual analysis of democratic governance and then identifies several vital problems. This article explains the status of ethical, democratic public services in Bangladesh in terms of some critical elements/elements of democratic governance, including the development of democratic institutions. Furthermore, processes, strengthening electoral and law enforcement systems, improving access to justice through freedom to the division of power, and encouraging citizen participation. Answer promoting tolerance, transparency, promoting democratic values and respect of liberty in public services with good governance and ethics, which are very infrequent in current Bangladesh politics.
  • The Study That Made Rats Jump for Joy, and Then Killed Them

    Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier (UMR ISEM); Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (Cirad)-École pratique des hautes études (EPHE); Université Paris sciences et lettres (PSL)-Université Paris sciences et lettres (PSL)-Université de Montpellier (UM)-Institut de recherche pour le développement [IRD] : UR226-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Webb, Christine; Woodford, Peter; Huchard, Elise (HAL CCSDWiley-VCH Verlag, 2020-06)
    International audience
  • Racing for COVID-19 vaccine and cure: Lessons and tragedies in human subject research

    Amar M Salam; Alison S Carr (Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications, 2020-01-01)
    Pressured by the enormous human and economic costs of the COVID-19 pandemic, certain countries and political figures have advocated the use of drugs and vaccines that did not go through the required regulatory stages of the development. Although the reason for bypassing these stages in a race to produce a treatment and vaccine for the COVID-19 patients could have been caused by good intentions to stop the human suffering from the pandemic, nonetheless, history has taught us that the results of this action could be catastrophic. In this article, we briefly review the lessons and tragedies in the evolution of human subject research regulations emphasizing the need for the proper evaluation of drugs and vaccines for COVID-19.
  • Media Ethics in wartime: the code for the coverage of the Colombian armed conflict

    Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Sciences de l'Education et de la Communication (LISEC); Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA)-Université de Haute-Alsace (UHA) Mulhouse - Colmar (Université de Haute-Alsace (UHA))-Université de Lorraine (UL); Serrano, Yeny (HAL CCSD, 2013)
    International audience
  • Le doctorat cifre à la croisée du monde académique et de l’action publique : quand l’intermédiation transforme la recherche

    Mathilde Renault Tinacci (Association Internationale des Sociologues de Langue Française, 2020-10-01)
    Initially designed for the industrial sector and for the "hard" research, the french CIFRE (Conventions Industrielles de Formation par la Recherche) are increasingly prevalent in social sciences within public administrations and associations. The CIFRE program grants those organizations a State funding in order to recruit young doctoral students. Generally speaking, the CIFRE asks the question of the doctoral student’s position as well as how are his results are being used. Those questions are particularly relevant in public or militant organisations where the doctoral student contributes to public action. Noticing the lack of spaces for exchange and reflection about this topic (Berry, 2000) this article proposes a development of a reflexive outlook of the doctoral student’s role as a "mediator" in applied research. We are also focused on how the mediation of a tripartite CIFRE covenant on the conduct of the thesis is made. In such a context, we would like to enquire the effects of this double mediation on the modelling of the research object, the methodological deployment, the production of academic knowledge, and the construction of the researcher's action research position.
  • Verso i diritti degli animali. Riflessioni e dibattiti nella storia del pensiero

    Vilma Baricalla (LED Edizioni Universitarie, 2020-11-01)
    In our cultural tradition, a conception has prevailed that has supported the inferiority of animals, justifying their exploitation and their exclusion from the moral sphere. This vision, however, at various moments in history has been the subject of criticism and disputes. There are alternative voices and strands that departed from the traditional anthropocentric paradigm, rehabilitating animals and elaborating different models of interpretation of the world. This paper presents an overview of authors who – from the ancient world to the modern age up to almost the present day – made their voice heard in defence of animals, to whom they recognized value and dignity. The picture that emerges is varied and articulated and represents the rich background of contemporary theories of respect for animals and animal rights.
  • Silk route to the acceptance and re-implementation of bacteriophage therapy.

    Alavidze, Z.; R., Aminov; A., Betts; Bardiau, Marjorie; L., Bre Tau Deau; J., Caplin; N., Chanishvili; A., Coffey; I., Cooper; D., De Vos (2016)
    This multidisciplinary expert panel opinion on bacteriophage therapy has been written in the context of a society that is confronted with an ever-increasing number of antibiotic resistant bacteria. To avoid the return to a pre-antibiotic era, alternative treatments are urgently needed. The authors aim to contribute to the opinion formation of relevant stakeholders on how to potentially develop an infrastructure and legislation that paves the way for the acceptance and re-implementation of bacteriophage therapy.
  • Ethical considerations of the Andrra Qielli “sting” by Albana Berisha Qehaja

    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (Ümit Hacıoğlu, 2020-10-01)
    This letter examines the ethics of a “sting” paper submitted by Dr. Albana Berisha Qehaja, a faculty member of the Department of Management and Informatics, Faculty of Economy, University of Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo. In that paper, which stung this journal, IJRBS, Dr. Qehaja created a fake paper, with a fake name and fake institutional affiliation, as well as specially crafted email and ORCID accounts to masquerade the identity of the true author of the fake paper, namely Dr. Qehaja. Such behavior is not only an act of extreme scholarly malpractice, it is one of the most unethical behaviors in academic publishing because it violates all of the journal’s and international ethics’ practices for submission of a paper to a journal. Other academics thinking of employing such unethical tactics for any publishing-related objective should reconsider their options and carefully calculate the ethical, legal, and possibly criminal consequences of such actions
  • A study on work life balance and its effect on job performance in Royal Malaysia Police at Kuching district / Mohd Zawawi Bin Yahaya

    Yahaya, Mohd Zawawi (2018-07)
    Work Life Balance and Job Performance are closely related to one another. It is a causal and effect relationship. It has been a study of many scholars and the issue contributes to job stress aggravates from time to time. Many may not realize how job stressors influence job performance other than complaining. Work life balance can be seen in three parts namely time balance, involvement balance and satisfaction balance the independent variables of Work Life Balance comprising of Time Balance, Involvement Balance and Satisfaction Balance while dependent variable is Job Performance namely Task Performance and Contextual performance. This study examines quality of work life balance and job performance relationship in Royal Malaysia Police a case study conducted at Kuching District, Sarawak It is the greatest hope that this study can provide an insight and better understanding pertaining to Work Life Balance in thriving job performance in the future not only in the Royal Malaysia Police but in public organization in general.
  • Exploring Non-Anthropocentric Paradigms

    Francesco Allegri (LED Edizioni Universitarie, 2020-11-01)
  • Ricordo di Tom Regan. Intervista con Luigi Lombardi Vallauri

    Francesco Allegri (LED Edizioni Universitarie, 2020-11-01)
  • Repenser l'innovation en santé : vers une approche éthique plurielle

    Comité d'éthique de l'Inserm (CEI) ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); CERMES3 - Centre de recherche Médecine, sciences, santé, santé mentale, société (CERMES3 - UM 7 (UMR 8211 / U988)) ; École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université de Paris (UP); Conseil d'Etat; Université Sorbonne Paris Nord; Inserm-Délégation à l'intégrité scientifique; AP -Comité d'évaluation éthique de l'Inserm; Inserm - Assurance qualité, technologies pour la santé; Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL); Associtation François Aupetit (AFA) ; Hôpital Armand Trousseau [AP-HP] (AP-HP) ; Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) (AP-HP)-Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) (AP-HP); Inserm-Pôle Expertise Collective; et al. (HAL CCSD, 2020-11)
    Note du Comité. Groupe "Ethique de l'Innovation en Santé". Rédaction: Catherine Bourgain, Marie Grosset

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