Research Ethics by Disciplines is part of Educational Collections; it is focusing on main disciplines of research and related specific ethical concerns.

Recent Submissions

  • « Maigreur, santé du corps et santé de l’âme chez Sénèque : la philosophie stoïcienne fait-elle l’apologie de la maigreur ? »

    Patrimoine, Littérature, Histoire (PLH); Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès (UT2J); COURTIL, Jean-Christophe (HAL CCSD, 2020-11-09)
    International audience
  • Transnational Solidarity in Times of Crises

    Lahusen, Christian; Zschache, Ulrike; Kousis, Maria (Springer Nature, 2021)
    This open access collection is devoted to an in-depth, qualitative analysis of practices of cross-national solidarity in response to the current political and social crises, from citizens’ initiatives to networks of cooperation among civil society actors. The book analyses existing informal groups at the grassroots, furthering transnational solidarity in three thematic areas: disability, unemployment and immigration. Contributions assess how civic groups respond to the various crises affecting Europe, especially the economic and refugee crises, presenting new findings from a systematic comparative study conducted in eight European countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, and the UK). The research will be of interest to scholars, students, journalists, policy-makers and activists interested in civil society, social movements, charitable actions, altruism and solidarity, as well as European studies and the socio-economic challenges of current European crises.
  • Increases in economics or human values in question?

    Université Bordeaux Montaigne; Pascal, Catherine (HAL CCSD, 2019-01-31)
    International audience
  • After idealism and difference : subjects of yellow feelings and sentimental narratives of migration

    Kieu, Lan (Umeå universitet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS)Umeå : Umeå universitet, 2020)
    After Idealism and Difference is a critical and ethical project of reading the postcolonial other. Taking a void from postcolonial and poststructuralist feminist critique, my thesis aims to deconstruct the privilege of the “marginalia” as the beloved object of feminist scholarship. I hope to open up a different account of feminist ethics and politics that can move beyond moralism and identitarianism. Empirically, through a critically unlicensed reading of the narratives of Vietnamese migrant women who have been in intimate relationships with Swedish men, I seek to analyze the structure of feelings and power of the Asiatic migrant subjects, which I term “yellow feelings,” after the moralizing idealism of otherness and after identity-based difference, in which “yellow feelings” such as love, gratitude, mimetic desire, endurance will be unbenevolently scrutinized, de-idealized, and universalized. The thesis consists of four chapters. Chapter One offers a critical review of the treatment of the native image in the field of feminist and postcolonial studies in which I argue for an ethics of reading the other after idealism and difference. I maintain that Vietnamese ethnic subjects must be read as universal subjects while their particularistic yellow feelings must not be premised upon an antinormativity or an oppositional difference to dominant feelings, despite their occasional disavowal of and resistance to dominant feelings. In Chapter Two, I examine yellow feelings through the notions of agency, resistance, and mimetic desire in the racialized “third-world” other. I argue that this feeling agency is convoluted, whereas resistance cannot always be read in opposition to disposability, susceptibility, and complicity. I propose to read the “third-world” desire as mimetic desire in a triangular mode, rather than in a binary framework. In Chapter Three, I analyze yellow feelings of gratitude and the mechanisms of power by which the Vietnamese-Asiatic subjects are obliged to be thankful. I argue that the power of gratitude, although violating, is also enabling, and because of this enablement, it makes the dismissal of power become forever exhausting and awkward. In Chapter Four, I examine the power structure of yellow feelings as endurance under the force of monolingualism. I maintain that while the monolingualism exploits the bad faith of the self-disciplinary Vietnamese subjects, it is also a power to substitute and preserve the loss that the subjects have endured.
  • Affirmative Aesthetics and Wilful Women

    Ceuterick, Maud (Springer Nature, 2020)
    Fifty years of feminist thought have made the idea that women stay at home while men dominate the streets seem outdated; nevertheless, Ceuterick argues that theoretical considerations of gender, space, and power in film theory remain limited by binary models. Looking instead to more fluid models of spatial relations inspired by Sara Ahmed, Rosi Braidotti, and Doreen Massey, this book discovers wilful, affirmative, and imaginative activations of gender on screen. Through close, micro-analysis of historic European Messidor (Alain Tanner, 1979) and contemporary world cinema: Vendredi Soir (Claire Denis, 2002), Wadjda (Haifaa Al-Mansour, 2012), and Head-On (Fatih Akin, 2004), this book identifies affirmative aesthetics: light, texture, rhythm, movement and sound, all of which that participate in a rewriting of bodies and spaces. Ultimately, Ceuterick argues, affirmative aesthetics can challenge the gender categories and power structures that have been thought to determine our habitation of cars, homes, and city streets. Wilful women drive this book forward, through their movement and stillness, imagination and desire, performance and abjection.
  • Ontological Boundaries or Contextual Borders : The Urban Ethics of the Asylum

    Högström, Ebba; Philo, Chris (Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för fysisk planeringUniversity of Glasgow, GBRCogito, 2020)
    What and where is ‘the asylum’ today? To what extent do mental healthcare facilities stand out as clearly bounded entities in the modern urban landscape, perhaps reflecting their history as deliberately set-apart and then often stigmatised places? To what extent have they maybe become less obtrusive, more sunk into and interacting with their urban surroundings? What issues of urban ethics are at stake: concerning who/what is starkly demarcated in the city, perhaps subjected to exclusionary logics and pressures, or more sensitively integrated into the city, planned for inclusion and co-dwelling? These questions underscore our article, rooted in an in-depth case study of Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, opened as a ‘lunatic asylum’ on its present, originally greenfield, site in the 1840s and remaining open today surrounded by dense urban expansion. Building from the ‘voices’ of patients, staff and others familiar with the site, we discuss the sense of this asylum as ‘other’ to, as ‘outside’ of, or merely ’beside’ the urban fabric. Drawing from concepts of ‘orientations’ (Ahmed, 2006), sites as spatial constructions (Burns & Kahn, 2005), the power of borders and boundaries (Haselsberger, 2014; Sennett, 2018), issues of site, stigma and related urban ethical matters will be foregrounded. Where are the boundaries that divide the hospital campus from the urban context? What are the material signifiers, the cultural associations or the emotional attachments that continue to set the boundaries? Or, in practice, do boundaries melt into messier, overlapping, intersecting border zones, textured by diverse, sometimes contradictory, bordering practices? And, if so, what are the implications?
  • Introduction of a New Digital Technology in the M-Commerce Industry

    Hafi, Mohamed (Lunds universitet/Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, 2020)
    The objective of this study is to explore a new synthesized field and contribute to a better understanding of customer experience in relation to the introduction of new digital technologies focusing on the m-commerce industry. The core fields involved in the synthesis include technology, customer experience and ethics. Quantitative in nature, the study relies on online self-completion questionnaires as the data gathering method and on the correlation analysis to examine and answer the hypotheses. The findings illustrate that convenience, enjoyment, trust and privacy concerns are important elements to customers when considering using a new mobile application for m-commerce purposes and especially the connection between these elements in the wider framework has revealed how customer experience can be prompted in a positive way. The discussion and conclusion have paved the way for synthesis within this field and by revealing new unreciprocated questions, future research can investigate these questions and further expand upon the framework presented in this study. Keywords:
  • Athlome Project Consortium: a concerted effort to discover genomic and other "omic" markers of athletic performance

    Pitsiladis, YP; Tanaka, M; Eynon, N; Bouchard, C; North, KN; Williams, AG; Collins, M; Moran, CN; Britton, SL; Fuku, N (AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC, 2016-03-01)
    Despite numerous attempts to discover genetic variants associated with elite athletic performance, injury predisposition, and elite/world-class athletic status, there has been limited progress to date. Past reliance on candidate gene studies predominantly focusing on genotyping a limited number of single nucleotide polymorphisms or the insertion/deletion variants in small, often heterogeneous cohorts (i.e., made up of athletes of quite different sport specialties) have not generated the kind of results that could offer solid opportunities to bridge the gap between basic research in exercise sciences and deliverables in biomedicine. A retrospective view of genetic association studies with complex disease traits indicates that transition to hypothesis-free genome-wide approaches will be more fruitful. In studies of complex disease, it is well recognized that the magnitude of genetic association is often smaller than initially anticipated, and, as such, large sample sizes are required to identify the gene effects robustly. A symposium was held in Athens and on the Greek island of Santorini from 14–17 May 2015 to review the main findings in exercise genetics and genomics and to explore promising trends and possibilities. The symposium also offered a forum for the development of a position stand (the Santorini Declaration). Among the participants, many were involved in ongoing collaborative studies (e.g., ELITE, GAMES, Gene SMART, GENESIS, and POWERGENE). A consensus emerged among participants that it would be advantageous to bring together all current studies and those recently launched into one new large collaborative initiative, which was subsequently named the Athlome Project Consortium.
  • [Disabled child, care and ethical aspects].

    Hôpital de la Timone [CHU - APHM] (TIMONE); Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique et Santé (ADES) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-EFS ALPES MEDITERRANEE-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Chabrol, Brigitte (HAL CCSD, 2020-02-01)
    International audience
  • Essayistic selections of Danilo Kiš

    Bečejski Mirjana M. (Institute of Serbian Culture Priština, Leposavić, 2020-01-01)
    Evaluation of the essayistic opus of Danilo Kiš and his authorial choices, if we exclude one scientific paper by R. Ivanović, dedicated to the book Po-ethics, has not been the subject of a serious discussion so far, although the critics mostly agreed that he is a world writer. The subject of interest of this paper are the selections of essay texts that Kiš published during his lifetime in the books Po-ethics (1972), Po-ethics, book two (1974) and Homo poeticus (1983). The research focus is on the composition and structure of books - criteria for the selection and arrangement of texts, the logic of their content, the level of authorial self-criticism and representativeness. When making a judgment about the objectivity of Kiš as the compiler of these selections, essays that for various reasons remained outside the covers of the mentioned books are also taken into consideration - their literary-aesthetic, cognitive, cultural and autopoetic value. The composition of the book Anatomy Lesson, although in the genealogical sense it is a book-essay, deserves a special study, and therefore is not the subject of analysis of this paper.
  • Community attitudes to emergency research without prospective informed consent: a survey of the general population

    Furyk, Jeremy; Franklin, Richard; Watt, Kerrianne; Emeto, Theopilus; Dalziel, Stuart; Mcbain-Rigg, Kris; Stepanov, Nikola; Babl, Franz E (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-08-01)
  • Un monde d'automatisation ? Pour un débat intelligent sur la machine éthique

    Université de Genève (UNIGE); Baertschi, Bernard; BIDIMA, Jean Godefroy; Bonnemains, Vincent; Pierre Emmanuel, BRUGERON; Sébastien, CLAEYS; COUTELLEC, Léo,; Duhem, Ludovic; Einaudi, Marie-Ange; Grinbaum, Alexei; et al. (HAL CCSDEres, 2018-05-24)
    International audience
  • Femmes, Santé et Environnement : La vulnérabilité des populations féminines

    Comité d'éthique de l'Inserm (CEI) ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); Institut Pasteur [Paris]; Vidal, Catherine (HAL CCSD, 2020-11)
    Note du groupe « Genre et Recherche en Santé » du Comité d'Éthique de l'INSERM. Rédaction: Catherine Vidal
  • The Quest for Legitimacy in Central Banking and the Regulatory State

    van 't Klooster, Jens; 132233 (CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2020-11-01)
    status: published
  • La maladie, une pluralité d'expériences à mettre en commun

    Archives Henri-Poincaré - Philosophie et Recherches sur les Sciences et les Technologies (AHP-PReST) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA)-Université de Lorraine (UL)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Laboratoire d'Histoire des Sciences et de Philosophie - Archives Henri Poincaré (LHSP) ; Université de Lorraine (UL)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Weber, Jean-Christophe; De Linares, Philippe; Ollivet, Catherine (HAL CCSD, 2019-11-13)
  • Entre médecine, science et santé : penser la place du médecin

    Archives Henri-Poincaré - Philosophie et Recherches sur les Sciences et les Technologies (AHP-PReST) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA)-Université de Lorraine (UL)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Laboratoire d'Histoire des Sciences et de Philosophie - Archives Henri Poincaré (LHSP) ; Université de Lorraine (UL)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Weber, Jean-Christophe (HAL CCSD, 2019-11-08)
    National audience
  • Liberalism, communautarism and euthanasia

    Centre de Recherches Politiques de Sciences Po (CEVIPOF); Sciences Po (Sciences Po)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Bréhaux, Karine (HAL CCSDEska, 2007-09)
    International audience
  • Jusqu’où chacun peut-il décider pour lui-même ? A propos des directives anticipées

    Archives Henri-Poincaré - Philosophie et Recherches sur les Sciences et les Technologies (AHP-PReST) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA)-Université de Lorraine (UL)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Laboratoire d'Histoire des Sciences et de Philosophie - Archives Henri Poincaré (LHSP) ; Université de Lorraine (UL)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Weber, Jean-Christophe (HAL CCSD, 2019-10-01)
  • Éthique du lien dans la relation médecin-malade en psychiatrie

    Institut de recherches interdisciplinaires sur les sciences et la technologie (IRIST); Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA); Danion, Anne; RICHA, Sami (HAL CCSDPresses Universitaires François-Rabelais, 2019-05-16)
  • Les progrès de l’échographie et du diagnostic prénatal. Réflexions éthiques autour de la découverte des fentes faciales en France

    Nanomédecine Régénérative (NanoRegMed) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA)-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); Institut de recherches interdisciplinaires sur les sciences et la technologie (IRIST) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA); Théologie Catholique et Sciences Religieuses (TCSR) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA); Théologie Catholique et Sciences Religieuses (TCSR) ; Université de Strasbourg (UNISTRA); Grollemund, Bruno; Danion, Anne; Guittin, Talitha; Thiel, Marie (HAL CCSDPresses Universitaires de Strasbourg, 2020-07-09)

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