• A Bestiary in Five Fingers

      Seán McCorry (LED Edizioni Universitarie, 2014-11-01)
      Tyler, Tom. 2012. CIFERAE: a Bestiary in Five Fingers. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 376 pp. $ 30.00. ISBN 978-0816665440.
    • A biobank management model applicable to biomedical research

      Auray-Blais, Christiane; Patenaude, Johane (BioMed Central, 2006)
      "Background The work of Research Ethics Boards (REBs), especially when involving genetics research and biobanks, has become more challenging with the growth of biotechnology and biomedical research. Some REBs have even rejected research projects where the use of a biobank with coded samples was an integral part of the study, the greatest fear being the lack of participant protection and uncontrolled use of biological samples or related genetic data. The risks of discrimination and stigmatization are a recurrent issue. In light of the increasing interest in biomedical research and the resulting benefits to the health of participants, it is imperative that practical solutions be found to the problems associated with the management of biobanks: namely, protecting the integrity of the research participants, as well as guaranteeing the security and confidentiality of the participant's information. Methods We aimed to devise a practical and efficient model for the management of biobanks in biomedical research where a medical archivist plays the pivotal role as a data-protection officer. The model had to reduce the burden placed on REBs responsible for the evaluation of genetics projects and, at the same time, maximize the protection of research participants. Results The proposed model includes the following: 1) a means of protecting the information in biobanks, 2) offers ways to provide follow-up information requested about the participants, 3) protects the participant's confidentiality and 4) adequately deals with the ethical issues at stake in biobanking. Conclusion Until a governmental governance body is established in Quebec to guarantee the protection of research participants and establish harmonized guidelines for the management of biobanks in medical research, it is definitely up to REBs to find solutions that the present lack of guidelines poses. The model presented in this article offers a practical solution on a day-to-day basis for REBs, as well as researchers by promoting an archivist to a pivotal role in the process. It assures protection of all participants who altruistically donate their samples to generate and improve knowledge for better diagnosis and medical treatment"
    • A biobank management model applicable to biomedical research

      Auray-Blais, Christiane; Patenaude (2011-07-12)
      BACKGROUND : The work of Research Ethics Boards (REBs), especially when involving genetics research and biobanks, has become more challenging with the growth of biotechnology and biomedical research. Some REBs have even rejected research projects where the use of a biobank with coded samples was an integral part of the study, the greatest fear being the lack of participant protection and uncontrolled use of biological samples or related genetic data. The risks of discrimination and stigmatization are a recurrent issue. In light of the increasing interest in biomedical research and the resulting benefits to the health of participants, it is imperative that practical solutions be found to the problems associated with the management of biobanks: namely, protecting the integrity of the research participants, as well as guaranteeing the security and confidentiality of the participant's information. METHODS : We aimed to devise a practical and efficient model for the management of biobanks in biomedical research where a medical archivist plays the pivotal role as a data-protection officer. The model had to reduce the burden placed on REBs responsible for the evaluation of genetics projects and, at the same time, maximize the protection of research participants. RESULTS : The proposed model includes the following: 1) a means of protecting the information in biobanks, 2) offers ways to provide follow-up information requested about the participants, 3) protects the participant's confidentiality and 4) adequately deals with the ethical issues at stake in biobanking. CONCLUSION : Until a governmental governance body is established in Quebec to guarantee the protection of research participants and establish harmonized guidelines for the management of biobanks in medical research, it is definitely up to REBs to find solutions that the present lack of guidelines poses. The model presented in this article offers a practical solution on a day-to-day basis for REBs, as well as researchers by promoting an archivist to a pivotal role in the process. It assures protection of all participants who altruistically donate their samples to generate and improve knowledge for better diagnosis and medical treatment.
    • A biobank management model applicable to biomedical research

      Auray-Blais, Christiane; Patenaude (2011-07-12)
      BACKGROUND : The work of Research Ethics Boards (REBs), especially when involving genetics research and biobanks, has become more challenging with the growth of biotechnology and biomedical research. Some REBs have even rejected research projects where the use of a biobank with coded samples was an integral part of the study, the greatest fear being the lack of participant protection and uncontrolled use of biological samples or related genetic data. The risks of discrimination and stigmatization are a recurrent issue. In light of the increasing interest in biomedical research and the resulting benefits to the health of participants, it is imperative that practical solutions be found to the problems associated with the management of biobanks: namely, protecting the integrity of the research participants, as well as guaranteeing the security and confidentiality of the participant's information. METHODS : We aimed to devise a practical and efficient model for the management of biobanks in biomedical research where a medical archivist plays the pivotal role as a data-protection officer. The model had to reduce the burden placed on REBs responsible for the evaluation of genetics projects and, at the same time, maximize the protection of research participants. RESULTS : The proposed model includes the following: 1) a means of protecting the information in biobanks, 2) offers ways to provide follow-up information requested about the participants, 3) protects the participant's confidentiality and 4) adequately deals with the ethical issues at stake in biobanking. CONCLUSION : Until a governmental governance body is established in Quebec to guarantee the protection of research participants and establish harmonized guidelines for the management of biobanks in medical research, it is definitely up to REBs to find solutions that the present lack of guidelines poses. The model presented in this article offers a practical solution on a day-to-day basis for REBs, as well as researchers by promoting an archivist to a pivotal role in the process. It assures protection of all participants who altruistically donate their samples to generate and improve knowledge for better diagnosis and medical treatment.
    • A Bottom-up Trend in Research of Management of Technology

      Ishino, Yoko (2014)
      Management of Technology (MOT) is defined as an academic discipline of management that enables organizations to manage their technological fundamentals to create competitive advantage. MOT covers a wide range of contents including administrative strategy, R&D management, manufacturing management, technology transfer, production control, marketing, accounting, finance, business ethics, and others. For each topic, researchers have conducted their MOT research at various levels. However, a practical and pragmatic side of MOT surely affects its research trends. Finding changes of MOT research trends, or the chronological transitions of principal subjects, can help understand the key concepts of current MOT. This paper studied a bottom-up trend in research fields in MOT by applying a text-mining method to the conference proceedings of IAMOT (International Association for Management of Technology). First, focusing on only nouns found several keywords, which more frequently emerge over time in the IAMOT proceedings. Then, expanding the scope into other parts of speech viewed the keywords in a natural context. Finally, it was found that the use of an important keyword has qualitatively and quantitatively extended over time. In conclusion, a bottom-up trend in MOT research was detected and the effects of the social situation on the trend were discussed.
    • A Brief Introduction to Informed Consent in Research With Human Subjects

      Pedroni, Julia A.; Pimple, Kenneth D. (2016-01-08)
    • A Call for Sharing of Research Causes Gene Stocks to Plunge

      Berenson, Alex; Wade, Nicholas (2011-07-12)
    • A Call for Sharing of Research Causes Gene Stocks to Plunge

      Wade, Nicholas; Berenson, Alex (2011-07-12)
    • A Canadian Perspective on a Child’s Consent to Research within a Context of Family-Centered Care

      Sheahan, Linda; Da Silva, Michael; Czoli, Christine (OMICS Publishing Group, 2012)
      "Two major trends have developed in pediatric bioethics: family-centered care and increased recognition of emerging autonomy through legal and policy entrenched rights. The different foci of their corresponding health care delivery models (“family-centered” or “patient-/child-centered”) create the potential for conflict in the context of seeking consent to research or, as will be presented, the possibility of integration. Given the state of current bioethical principles and legal holdings, the pediatric patient should ultimately be the primary focus of ethical consideration and, at least in the context of dissenting to research, the child’s autonomous wishes should reign. However, in recognizing and supporting a child’s emerging autonomy, the family context should also be respected and taken into account. This discussion articulates the values underpinning these two important trends in pediatric health care delivery, and proposes a model for obtaining consent for pediatric research in the current context."
    • A Care Orientation to Clinical Nursing Research

      Kaempfer, Suzanne Hearne (2015-05-05)
    • A Case Study in Adolescent Participation in Clinical Research: Eleven Clinical Sites, One Common Protocol, and Eleven IRBs

      Rogers, Audrey Smith; Schwartz, Donald F.; Weissman, Gloria; English, Abigail (Adolescent Medicine HIV/AIDS Research Network, 2015-05-05)
    • A Catholic reflection on embryonic stem cell research

      2011-07-12
      BRL location: R725.56 .W35 2005
    • A challenged choice: donating spare embryos to stem cell research in Switzerland.

      Porz, Rouven; Bürkli, Peter; Barazzetti, Gaia; Leach Scully, Jackie; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph (2011-07-12)
    • A challenged choice: donating spare embryos to stem cell research in Switzerland.

      Porz, Rouven; Bürkli, Peter; Barazzetti, Gaia; Leach Scully, Jackie; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph (2011-07-12)
    • A challenged choice: donating spare embryos to stem cell research in Switzerland.

      Porz, R.; Bürkli, P.; Barazzetti, G.; Leach Scully, J.; Rehmann-Sutter, C. (2008-09-20)
      Couples undergoing IVF in Switzerland may have embryos in excess of their clinical need that they can donate to human embryonic stem cell research. Thus a new practice has emerged in Switzerland when IVF treatment and embryonic stem cell research come into contact. This interface needs to be investigated from an ethical-legal point of view to facilitate a fair informed choice process for the couples involved. Ethical analysis, patient perspectives elaboration. Interdisciplinary approach that draws on the research project JESP-ELSI (joint embryonic stem cell research project--ethical legal and societal implications). To facilitate the donation of surplus embryos to human embryonic stem cell research, we propose a procedure of informed choice that fits to the current Swiss legal situation. In addition we identify problems within the current legal setting and suggest methods to improve communication at the interface between IVF and embryonic stem cell research from an ethical perspective.
    • A Charter for Ethical Research in Maternity Care

      Association for Improvements in the Maternity Services [AIMS] (United Kingdom); The National Childbirth Trust (United Kingdom), 2016-01-08
    • A Charter for Ethical Research in Maternity Care: Association for Improvements in the Maternity Services; the National Childbirth Trust

      2016-01-08
      Physical copy available at the Bioethics Research Library. Request at https://bioethics.georgetown.edu/using-the-library/item-hold-request-form/