• Call for Research Misconduct Agency

      White, Caroline (2015-05-05)
    • Call for Research Misconduct Agency

      White, Caroline (2016-01-08)
    • Can a Healthy Subject Volunteer to Be Injured in Research?

      Breuer, Anthony; Levine, Robert J.; Kanoti, George A.; Lackey, Douglas P. (2015-05-05)
      The husband of a 63-year-old woman suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) volunteered to undergo biopsy of his own normal median nerve to serve as an experimental control. He knew he would lose most of the function of his thumb in his left hand but, since he was retired and did not intend to work, he was willing to participate. In a set of commentaries that discuss the Nuremberg Code, issues of free and informed consent, alternative sources of normal nerve tissue, altruism, and the costs and benefits of the research, Levine, Kanoti, and Lackey reach different conclusions as to whether the experiment should proceed. Levine would not approve; Kanoti would delay the biopsy for several months to explore alternatives and leave time for reflection; and Lackey would approve based on the volunteer's knowledge and acceptance of his loss of function and his desire to find some way to participate in his wife's treatment. (KIE abstract)
    • Can an Open-Label Placebo Be as Effective as a Deceptive Placebo? Methodological Considerations of a Study Protocol

      Techniques pour l'Evaluation et la Modélisation des Actions de la Santé (TIMC-IMAG-ThEMAS) ; Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525 (TIMC-IMAG) ; Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1 (UJF)-Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP)-IMAG-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA)-Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1 (UJF)-Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP)-IMAG-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA); Université Grenoble Alpes - UFR Médecine (UGA UFRM) ; Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire [Grenoble] (CHU); Druart, Leo; Graham Longsworth, SaraEve; Rolland, Carole; Dolgopoloff, Maïa; Terrisse, Hugo; Bosson, Jean-Luc; Pinsault, Nicolas (HAL CCSDMDPI, 2020-01)
      International audience
    • Can ethical guidelines be international?: Students’ dilemmas researching education in China and India

      Feng, Y.; Jament, J. (British Educational Research Association, 2008-09)
      Research students in Education are advised to comply with UK-based ethical guidelines, such as those of BERA. This compliance is enforced through the ethical guidelines of their own institutions for conducting research projects and at thesis examination or viva. Whilst students from China and India have formed the largest percentage of international students in UK Higher Education (HESA, 2008), attention has yet to be drawn to the appropriateness and sufficiency of UK-based ethical guidelines in international contexts like China and India. Applying UK ethical guidelines in their own countries, students may encounter a range of ethical dilemmas, additional or culture-specific, to those envisaged for the UK. Can ethical guidelines from one country be applied in other countries? In other words, can ethical guidelines be international?
    • Can Ethical Leaders Heal The Wounds? An Empirical Research

      Ufuk BASAR; Berrin FILIZOZ (International Ataturk Alatoo University, 2015-05-01)
      Leaders form the character and the nature of the organizations. In this respect
 ethical leaders may be the solution for organizations in corruption and employees in
 trouble. For this reason we treated ethical leadership as a healer, and analyzed its
 effects on intention to quit along with moderation effect of perceptions of
 organizational politics and mediation effect of organizational identification on this
 interaction. To that end, data were collected from 103 sales persons, who work at
 an international white good producing firm, in Ankara, Turkey through
 questionnaire. The data were analyzed with multifarious statistical techniques. The
 findings affirm healing effect of ethical leadership on intention to quit. In addition,
 as a new discovery, moderation effect of perceptions of organizational politics on
 healing effect of ethical leadership was found. Finally it was discovered that
 organizational identification and ethical leadership predict intention to quit
 separately.
    • Can involuntarily admitted patients give informed consent to participation in research?

      Van Staden, C.W. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2008-01-30)
      The article argues that a functional approach is ethically better than a categorical approach in deciding whether involuntarily admitted patients have the capacity to give informed consent to participation in research. Congruent with current South African laws, a functional approach requires that a patient's capacity to give informed consent to participation in research should be assessed clinically rather than assumed by virtue of his / her belonging to a category of legal admission status. Concerns about protection against exploitation may cause a categorical approach to appear attractive, but these concerns can be addressed deliberately through a functional approach without attracting the infringements of rights and entitlements of patients that are brought about by a categorical approach.
    • Can involuntarily admitted patients give informed consent to participation in research?

      Van Staden, C.W. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2008-01-30)
      The article argues that a functional approach is ethically better than a categorical approach in deciding whether involuntarily admitted patients have the capacity to give informed consent to participation in research. Congruent with current South African laws, a functional approach requires that a patient's capacity to give informed consent to participation in research should be assessed clinically rather than assumed by virtue of his / her belonging to a category of legal admission status. Concerns about protection against exploitation may cause a categorical approach to appear attractive, but these concerns can be addressed deliberately through a functional approach without attracting the infringements of rights and entitlements of patients that are brought about by a categorical approach.
    • Can Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Be Read as an Early Research Ethics Text?

      Davies, H. (2016-01-09)
      The current popular view of the novel Frankenstein is that it describes the horrors consequent upon scientific experimentation; the pursuit of science leading inevitably to tragedy. In reality the importance of the book is far from this. Although the evil and tragedy resulting from one medical experiment are its theme, a critical and fair reading finds a more balanced view that includes science's potential to improve the human condition and reasons why such an experiment went awry. The author argues that Frankenstein is an early and balanced text on the ethics of research upon human subjects and that it provides insights that are as valid today as when the novel was written. As a narrative it provides a gripping story that merits careful analysis by those involved in medical research and its ethical review, and it is more enjoyable than many current textbooks! To support this thesis, the author will place the book in historical, scientific context, analyse it for lessons relevant to those involved in research ethics today, and then draw conclusions.
    • Can muscles be queer? Reconsidering the transgressive hyper-built body

      STARS, 2007-01-01
      This article examines the hyper-built body in light of queer theoretical investigations into gender, sexuality, and resistance. It is too easy to claim that female or male bodybuilders are either subversive of, or are upholding, dominant gender systems or heterosexuality. Such declarations do not explain why or how subversions/ shifts might occur. Demonstrating how using a queer theoretical perspective offers some useful shifts in analysis by enabling an investigation into the complex operations of norms that shape the body and its practice, I consider David Halperin's argument that gay muscles are different from straight muscles. Pointing out some of the limitations of such a claim when viewed within the realm of women's bodybuilding, I reconsider the seminal film, Pumping Iron 2: The Women, in order to raise questions about transgression and gender norms that might provide insights into the operations of power vis-a- vis hyper-built bodies.
    • Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research

      Heller, Michael A.; Eisenberg, Rebecca S. (2011-07-12)
    • Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research

      Heller, Michael A.; Eisenberg, Rebecca S. (2011-07-12)
    • Can People with Mental Illness Consent to Research?

      Lidz, Charles W. (SelectedWorks, 2006-01-01)
    • Can qualitative research play a role in answering ethical questions in intensive care?

      Service de Réanimation Médicale (CHU de Dijon) ; Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon - Hôpital François Mitterrand (CHU Dijon); Centre Georges Chevrier. Sociétés & Sensibilités [Dijon - UMR7366] (CGC) ; Université de Bourgogne (UB)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Marqueurs pronostiques et facteurs de régulations des pathologies cardiaques et vasculaires - UFC ( EA 3920) (PCVP / CARDIO) ; Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire [Besançon] (CHRU Besançon)-Université de Franche-Comté (UFC)-Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE] (UBFC); Centre hospitalier de Dieppe; Equipe LIPNESS (LNC - U1231) (LIPNESS) ; Lipides - Nutrition - Cancer [Dijon - U1231] (LNC) ; Université de Bourgogne (UB)-AgroSup Dijon - Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, de l'Alimentation et de l'Environnement-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Université de Bourgogne (UB)-AgroSup Dijon - Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, de l'Alimentation et de l'Environnement-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); Centre d'Investigation Clinique 1432 (Dijon) - Epidemiologie Clinique/Essais Cliniques (CIC-EC) ; Université de Bourgogne (UB)-Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon - Hôpital François Mitterrand (CHU Dijon)-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); Meunier-Beillard, Nicolas; Ecarnot, Fiona; Rigaud, Jean-Philippe; QUENOT, Jean-Pierre (HAL CCSDAME Publishing Company, 2017-12)
      International audience