• Early years research

      Veale, Francisca; Farrell, Ann (Hodder Education, 2013)
      Early years research is increasingly concerned with the everyday lives of young children and adults in the cut-and-thrust of early years contexts. It is concerned with what happens in situ, that is, in the everyday lives of those within the context. It is concerned with understanding young children and adults in the contexts of their lives; but it goes beyond understanding to transforming their contexts such that children and adults have the best possible chances, now and in the future. The dual focus of understanding and transforming makes early years research a powerful force for change. This chapter explores key theoretical underpinnings of early years research and presents key aspects of conducting research in ethical and sustainable ways. Early years research, here, refers to research conducted by early years practitioner researchers in the context of their own setting. It may involve research around their own practice and/or research around a particular issue or phenomenon of importance in their setting – the focal point may be children, families or practitioners or combinations thereof. The research may be a seamless part of the daily routine of the setting or may be a discreet project, clearly delineated with a timeframe for commencement and conclusion. The research may be used for ongoing reflection and planning with the setting and/or for dissemination in research reports or scholarly publications.
    • Eat to Live or Live to Eat: Metaphor and Truth

      Prakash Kona (University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, 2019-11-01)
      Does the act of eating literally precede the birth of language as metaphor for knowing the truth? Can we think of a language that talks about food without thinking of food as the basis of human languages? Is there a truth to eating outside the discourse of language as the idealized representation of the human condition? Are we ever thinking of anything apart from food? Or, are we thinking at all when we are not thinking of eating? If the structure of our thinking is about food, to think of something other than food is to turn language into a shibboleth without a material basis to it. To think of eating in opposition to thinking where you do not have to talk about eating is to privilege the mind over the body. Food is the substructure to the superstructure of thought; to eat is to take arms against a sea of ideals; more importantly, it is to root our understanding of metaphor within a politics of eating; it is to look for truth in whether someone has eaten or not eaten playing a determining role in the formation of ideas about the world. Writing and popular culture have one thing in common which is that they must balance the demands that eating will make in the assertion of one’s humanity with the ideas about humanity that perhaps have little to do with the activity of eating. This paper argues that in the acknowledgment of eating as central to any notion of the truth, we make food interchangeable with how we ingest a metaphor so much so that we are left wondering why there are people who go to sleep on empty stomachs!
    • Ecocide Is Genocide: Decolonizing the Definition of Genocide

      Lauren J. Eichler (International Association of Genocide Scholars, 2020-09-01)
      I demonstrate how the destruction of the land, water, and nonhuman beings of the Americas constitutes genocide according to Indigenous metaphysics and through analysis of the decimation of the American buffalo. In Genocide Studies, the destruction of nonhuman beings and nature is typically treated as a separate, but related type of phenomenon—ecocide, the destruction of nonhuman nature. In this article I follow in the footsteps of Native American and First Nations scholars to argue that ecocide and the genocide of Indigenous peoples are inextricably linked and are even constitutive of the same act. I argue that if justice is to be achieved for Indigenous peoples through the UN’s ability to prosecute genocide then the definition of genocide needs to, at minimum, include ecocide as a recognized act.
    • Ecological Research Division Theoretical Ecology Program. [Contains abstracts]

      United States. Department of Energy. Office of Energy Research.; Available, Not (USDOE Office of Energy Research, Washington, DC (USA). Office of Health and Environmental Research, 1990-10-01)
      This report presents the goals of the Theoretical Ecology Program and abstracts of research in progress. Abstracts cover both theoretical research that began as part of the terrestrial ecology core program and new projects funded by the theoretical program begun in 1988. Projects have been clustered into four major categories: Ecosystem dynamics; landscape/scaling dynamics; population dynamics; and experiment/sample design.
    • Economic Issues in John Dewey’s Social Philosophy: An Evolutionary and Ethical Account

      Laure Bazzoli; Véronique Dutraive (Association Œconomia, 2019-12-01)
      This article focuses on the pragmatist philosopher John Dewey’s conception of economic life in his social philosophy and underlines how his Lectures on Political Ethics (1896, 1898, 1901) and his Syllabus: Social Institutions and the Study of Morals (1924) contributed to this issue. We argue that Dewey’s analysis of the nature and role of economic processes in these sources can shed light on his latter, less theoretical and better-known writings on the criticism of social life in the 1920’s and 1930’s. We show that his conception of economic issues is an integral part of his more general project of reconstructing social philosophy and that it is at the heart of his ethical theory on the development of democracy.
    • Ecrits de bioéthique, textes présentés et réunis par Muriel Fabre-Magnan

      Unite mixte de recherche en droit comparé (UMRDC); Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (UP1)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Labrusse-Riou, Catherine; Fabre Magnan, Muriel (HAL CCSDPUF, 2007)
    • Editorial

      Paola Fossati (LED Edizioni Universitarie, 2017-06-01)
    • Editorial: Exaggerated claims used in marketing: ASEP`s commitment to preventingunethical presentation of research data

      Robergs, Robert A. (American Society of Exercise Physiologists, 2002)
      In the May 2001 issue of the J Exerc Physiolonline, Armstrong et al.[1] published a study on the use of a
 commercial thermogenic weight-loss supplement (Xenadrine RFA-1, Cytodyne Technologies) on body
 composition and energy expenditure in obese subjects. The authors of this study presented their data in an
 ethical fashion. However, subsequent use of the study findings for marketing of the product revealed claims
 that were not substantiated by the research published in our journal. Subsequent discussions by the managing
 editor of the journal, myself and the ASEP president revealed frustration for this occurrence, as well as an
 apparent inability to require the company to withdraw marketing claims due to the lack of regulations requiring
 companies to adhere to the stringent criteria used in scientific research. Added details of this incident are found
 in Tommy Boone’s recent manuscript in PEPonline...
    • Editorial: Genetic and Genomic Research-Changing Patterns of Accountability

      Lunshof, Jeantine E; Chadwick, Ruth (2016-01-09)
      Debates about genomic science have raised questions about the implications for ethics and accountability. Accountability has external and internal aspects. Whereas ethical review, including attention to appropriate consent procedures, has been central to 'giving an account' externally, there are also issues internal to the practice of science itself. The pursuit of truth is central to the scientific endeavour, but truths can sometimes be 'inconvenient', leading to complex questions of accountability that go beyond the issues of consent. This is illustrated by the case of the Havasupai.
    • Editorial: Overview of the Performative Social Science Special Issue

      John J. Guiney Yallop; Irene Lopez de Vallejo; Peter Wright (FQS, 2008-05-01)
      We write this Editorial Overview having traveled together and separately through the articles in this Special Issue and offer it as a roadmap for your own exploration of the Issue. We are hopeful that you will use it to guide your reading, returning to it often, and that you will stop at each article to explore what it has to offer you. Enjoy the journey. Don't forget to collect souvenirs and remember to leave something of yourself.
 URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802649
    • Editorial: Research, ethics and the ACSM position stand on progression models in resistance training for healthy adults

      Robergs, Robert A. (American Society of Exercise Physiologists, 2004)
      In February 2002, the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a Position Stand entitled Progression Models in Resistance Training for Healthy Adults (1). In March, 2004, it was brought to my attention by Robert Otto via email that the contents of this publication, along with the summary recommendations, were mostly invalid. After a subsequent phone conversation with Robert Otto, it was explained to me that despite attempts to publish a rebuttal manuscript in three other journals, all with mostly outstanding reviewer feedback and praise for their work, each journal rejected the manuscript based on editorial decisions unrelated to the reviewers’ comments...
    • Educación de calidad y desempeño docente

      Sandoval, Mario (2009)
      This paper aims at presenting the attempts to improve quality education in Chile characterized by the willingness of involved participants in the educational system. All participants agree to create mechanisms which permit to carry out effective strategies to offer real opportunities of improvement and equity. In this sense, it is necessary to highlight the historical agreement among the Ministry of Education, the Association of Municipalities and the Teachers' Association about the Assessment of Teachers' Performance. The objective of this assessment is to improve Teachers' Performance by means of designing and implementing a system of Professional Development Plans based on deficient results found in the assessment itself.
    • Education and the illusions of emancipation

      Radford Hernandez, Luis; Radford, Luis (2012-05)
      In this article, I deal with the question of emancipation in education. In the first part of the article, I argue that contemporary concepts of emancipation are explicitly or implicitly related to the idea of the sovereign subject articulated by Kant and other philosophers of the Enlightenment. I contend that our modern enlightened concepts of emancipation rest on a dichotomy between an autonomous and self-sufficient subject and its sociocultural world. Referring to current research in mathematics education, I show how this dichotomy leads to intrinsic contradictions that haunt ongoing educational practices. These contradictions, I contend, are manifested in the hopeless efforts to bridge the gap between the deeds and thoughts of an autonomous individual and the regimes of reason and truth in which the individual finds itself subsumed. In particular, I argue that emancipation as understood in the enlightened modern sense remains a chimeric and unfulfillable dream. In the second part of the article, I suggest that emancipation can still be an orienting vector of educational practice and research, but it needs to be conceptualized differently: emancipation needs not be predicated in terms of individuals' freedom and individualist autonomy, but in critical-ethical terms. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

      Ginne Ussi Guadalupe Apodaca-Orozco; Lourdes Patricia Ortega-Pipper; Luz Ester Verdugo-Blanco; Laura Elena Reyes-Barribas (Universidad Autónoma Indígena de México, 2017-07-01)
      The actual society is undergoing major changes in all its
 fields; the globalization and liberation of the economy,
 competitiveness but also international collaboration in
 capital, goods and services, has led to the need to modify
 the traditionalist model towards a modern model, where
 the teacher has to make a synthesis of different theories and
 new pedagogical approaches that guide the construction of
 quality study programs that allow to improve the teaching-
 learning process. Regarding the educational model for the
 development of human resources in health, it should
 consider the scientific, technological and humanistic
 competences, instilling a strong social commitment, whose
 paradigm is the formation of professionals prepared for the
 social demand in an integral, competent way, with scientific
 preparation to accept the challenges of modern society and
 with a humanistic broad development to live in the society
 of this time and to serve it with simplicity and modesty, with
 values as a fundamental pillar of its development.
    • Effect of child health status on parents' allowing children to participate in pediatric research.

      CIC CHU ( Lille)/inserm ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Université de Lille, Droit et Santé; Inflammation: mécanismes et régulation et interactions avec la nutrition et les candidoses ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Université de Lille, Droit et Santé; Comité de Protection des Personnes Nord Ouest IV ; Faculté de Médecine-Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire [Lille] (CHRU Lille); Département de Pharmacologie ; PRES Université Lille Nord de France-Faculté de Médecine; Vanhelst, Jérémy; Hardy, Ludovic; Bert, Dina; Duhem, Stéphane; Coopman, Stéphanie; Libersa, Christian; et al. (HAL CCSDBioMed Central, 2013-02-15)
      International audience
    • Effect of Ethnicity, Gender and Drug Use History on Achieving High Rates of Affirmative Informed Consent for Genetics Research: Impact of Sharing With a National Repository

      Ray, Brenda; Jackson, Colin; Ducat, Elizabeth; Ho, Ann; Hamon, Sara; Kreek, Mary Jeanne (2016-01-09)
      Genetic research representative of the population is crucial to understanding the underlying causes of many diseases. In a prospective evaluation of informed consent we assessed the willingness of individuals of different ethnicities, gender and drug dependence history to participate in genetic studies in which their genetic sample could be shared with a repository at the National Institutes of Health.
    • Effectiveness of protection of biomedical research subjects under international and national law

      Sprumont, Dominique; Andrulionis, Gytis (2009)
      The article analyses the relationship of international and national law regulating and ensuring the protection of biomedical research subjects as well as factors determining the actual effectiveness of this protection. For this purpose the article reveals reasons affecting legislation initiatives at international and European level; shows circumstances of adopting specific legal acts, their wording and compatibility. Analysing whether harmonized standards in this area ensure the actual protection of the research subjects the authors assessed the role of national legal norms and the level of legal consciousness and legal culture. Authors pursued the objectives of the article by analysing the main areas of biomedical research directly determining the protection of the research subjects' rights and the effectiveness of their protection such as operation of Research Ethics Committees, biomedical research liability and liability insurance. The analysis was carried out on the basis of national examples of the Baltic countries (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia) which were also compared to the situation in Western European countries. The article also assesses issues of the scope and effectiveness of biomedical research regulation related to the ratio of legal, ethical, and deontological norms in biomedical research.