• Gabon : éthique de la résistance face au nihilisme d'Etat : chroniques sur une décennie d'imposture politique

      Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherches sur les Langues et la Pensée - EA 4299 (CIRLEP); Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne (URCA); Mvé Bekale, Marc (HAL CCSDParis : L'Harmattan, 2019)
      International audience
    • Gadda’s Pasticciaccio and the Knotted Posthuman Household

      Deborah Amberson; Elena Past (LED Edizioni Universitarie, 2016-06-01)
      The celebrated final scenes of Carlo Emilio Gadda’s novel, “Quer pasticciaccio brutto de via Merulana”, find detective Ingravallo pursuing a clue as he investigates the brutal murder of Liliana Balducci, an upper-middle-class inhabitant of an apartment on the street of the novel’s title. The location for the book’s concluding showdown is a dilapidated house, or an “oikos”, to borrow from the Greek, into which the Investigator, an outsider, is introduced. “Oikos”, which became the prefix “eco” in both “economics” (literally, law of the house) and “ecology” (or, study of the house) here provides a dynamic lens for the final scenes of the Pasticciaccio, and for viewing its unremitting tension between singularity and generality, interiority and exteriority, anthropic and geological time, human and posthuman. Our article proposes the space of the impoverished Roman household as a key to entering the Gaddian narrative architecture, a space that resonates with what Jeffery Jerome Cohen describes as “the tangled, fecund, and irregular pluriverse humans inhabit along with lively and agency-filled objects, materials, and forces” (Prismatic Ecology, xxiii). The dwelling on Via Merulana, and even more distinctly the house (or hovel) in which the novel ends, challenge our notions of domestic spaces, their porosity, and their proper inhabitants. In fact, in the narrative’s exploration of these two houses and their occupants, we find intriguing portraits of the tensions that trouble the supposed borders of the human and the posthuman. The “Pasticciaccio”, as we argue, closes (or opens) the door on a narrative architecture of polarity, where material and ontological tensions lead to both human and posthuman conclusions.
    • Gambling motivation and involvement: A review of social science research

      Binde, Per (Swedish National Institute of Public HealthSwedish National Institute of Public HealthSwedish National Institute of Public HealthSwedish National Institute of Public Health, 2016-01-07)
      Permission to include this report in the Institute research repository granted by Per Binde on January 6, 2016.
    • Garden-based landscape management : The "Parc des Coteaux" in research and project : experimentation, feedback and actions on the right bank of the Garonne in Bordeaux

      Passages ; Université de Bordeaux (UB)-Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication (MCC)-Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA)-Université Bordeaux Montaigne-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III; Serge Briffaud; Bernard Davasse; Chambelland, Benjamin (HAL CCSD, 2019-11-08)
      The idea of “garden-based landscape management” is at the heart of this thesis. It offers principles for updating landscape projects and practices. These principles arrive at a key moment when landscape gardening is confronted with the need to implement environmental land management in a democratic context. They aim to take into account all the complexity and interweaving of the social, ecological, political and economic interrelationships involved in running landscape projects. The thesis is particularly concerned with increasing awareness of the dynamics at work and with measuring the effects of time on the project process in relation to the uncertainties of “inter-retro-actions” that emanate from it. This should also provide clarification of the values and ethical strategies to be applied to running a landscape project, both on a day-to-day basis and in the long term. The basis for the work is an Industrial Convention for Training by Research (CIFRE). For three years I worked in a Groupement d’Intérêt Public made up of four communes (Bassens, Lormont, Cenon et Floirac) situated on the “right bank” of Bordeaux Métropole: the Grand Projet des Villes Rive Droite (GPV). My role was to lead a landscape project orientated towards accompanying developments in gardening practices in a group of public/private parks known as the “Parc des Coteaux” (240 ha). Landscape is thus the starting point for the approach that has been used. The approach consisted of proposing a cooperative process involving gardeners from the towns, but also elected members, departmental managers, project officers for the towns and the GPV, landscape architects, planners, ecologists, inhabitants and “users”. This process adopted the name Laboratoire du parc des Coteaux or parcLAB. The feedback on the very conditions of this experiment, conducted for three years (2015-2018) – itself resulting from my participation in the emergence of the collective dynamic over the preceding three years (2013-2015) as an independent landscape gardener – led me to formulate the hypothesis of garden-based landscape management, whose principles and orientations I present and offer for debate here.
    • Garden-based landscape management : The "Parc des Coteaux" in research and project : experimentation, feedback and actions on the right bank of the Garonne in Bordeaux

      Passages ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Bordeaux Montaigne-Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA)-Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication (MCC)-Université de Bordeaux (UB); Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III; Serge Briffaud; Bernard Davasse; Chambelland, Benjamin (HAL CCSD, 2019-11-08)
      The idea of “garden-based landscape management” is at the heart of this thesis. It offers principles for updating landscape projects and practices. These principles arrive at a key moment when landscape gardening is confronted with the need to implement environmental land management in a democratic context. They aim to take into account all the complexity and interweaving of the social, ecological, political and economic interrelationships involved in running landscape projects. The thesis is particularly concerned with increasing awareness of the dynamics at work and with measuring the effects of time on the project process in relation to the uncertainties of “inter-retro-actions” that emanate from it. This should also provide clarification of the values and ethical strategies to be applied to running a landscape project, both on a day-to-day basis and in the long term. The basis for the work is an Industrial Convention for Training by Research (CIFRE). For three years I worked in a Groupement d’Intérêt Public made up of four communes (Bassens, Lormont, Cenon et Floirac) situated on the “right bank” of Bordeaux Métropole: the Grand Projet des Villes Rive Droite (GPV). My role was to lead a landscape project orientated towards accompanying developments in gardening practices in a group of public/private parks known as the “Parc des Coteaux” (240 ha). Landscape is thus the starting point for the approach that has been used. The approach consisted of proposing a cooperative process involving gardeners from the towns, but also elected members, departmental managers, project officers for the towns and the GPV, landscape architects, planners, ecologists, inhabitants and “users”. This process adopted the name Laboratoire du parc des Coteaux or parcLAB. The feedback on the very conditions of this experiment, conducted for three years (2015-2018) – itself resulting from my participation in the emergence of the collective dynamic over the preceding three years (2013-2015) as an independent landscape gardener – led me to formulate the hypothesis of garden-based landscape management, whose principles and orientations I present and offer for debate here.
    • Gathering sensitive stories: Using care theory to guide ethical decision-making in research interviews with young people

      Daley, K (Australian Clearinghouse for Youth Studies (Australia), 2012)
      Discussions of research ethics are often focused on research ethics guidelines. These guidelines are useful in designing ethical research projects but are not designed to guide the interpersonal interactions that occur once researchers are out in the field. Drawing from Noddings' care theory, this article argues that making ethical decisions when conducting in-depth interviews needs to be done on a case-by-case basis. The author's case study focuses on two key issues associated with research participants, over-disclosure and intense emotional responses, and concludes that relational ethics is the most suitable theoretical framework for guiding researchers' interpersonal practice.
    • Gender and Health Research Group

      The Inserm Ethics Committee (IEC) ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); Université Paris 2 - Bioethical issues of comparative public policies; Institut Pasteur - Neurobiology, sex and gender in research; Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL); CERMES3 - Centre de recherche Médecine, sciences, santé, santé mentale, société (CERMES3 - UM 7 (UMR 8211 / U988)) ; École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)-Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 (UPD5)-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Merchant, Jennifer,; Vidal, Catherine; Botbol-Baum, Mylène; Bourgain, Catherine (HAL CCSD, 2014-06)
      Note from the Ethics committee. "Gender and Health Research" Group.
    • Gender and Health: A Public Health Issue

      The Inserm Ethics Committee (IEC) ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM); Université Paris 2 - Bioethical issues of comparative public policies; Institut Pasteur - Neurobiology, sex and gender in research; Merchant, Jennifer,; Vidal, Catherine (HAL CCSD, 2019)
      Note from the Ethics committee. "Gender and Health Research" Group.
    • Gender, reflexivity, and positionality in male research in one's own community with filipino seafarers' wives

      Galam, Roderick G. (DEU, 2016-08-02)
      This article reflects on the epistemological, methodological, and ethical issues related to undertaking a cross-gender research (male researcher with female participants) in one's own community. It also examines issues of analysis and representation germane to taking a gendered perspective in this study of the lives and experiences of left-behind women. The article frames the discussion of these issues within four interrelated sites or levels of reflexivity: theoretical reflexivity, gender and fieldwork relations, positionality and the insider/outsider dynamic, and representation. The conclusion reflects on the ethical obligation a researcher conducting a study in one's own community bears and the consequences of this ethical burden on representation. (author's abstract)
    • Gendered leadership in crisis contexts : exploring the intersections of discourse of renewal and ethic of care

      Almalki, Shoaa (Digital Commons at St. Mary's University, 2017-04-01)
      This study examined the role of gender in crisis leadership discourse by engaging two theories, discourse of renewal theory and ethic of care, in the context of General Motors’ (GM) deadly ignition switch crisis. The purpose of this study was to explore the intersections of discourse of renewal, ethic of care, and gendered leadership focusing on the role of feminine attributes in crisis communication and applying the findings to draw new insights about the glass cliff effect. Using thematic analysis and case study methods, I analyzed current GM CEO Mary Barra’s discourse in speeches and social media posts to answer research questions RQ1: How did GM CEO Mary Barra’s crisis communication represent stereotypically feminine leadership qualities, if at all? RQ2: How do discourse of renewal themes apply to Mary Barra’s speeches and social media posts, if at all? RQ3: How do ethic of care qualities apply to Mary Barra’s speeches and social media posts, if at all? RQ4: How is discourse of renewal theory gendered, if at all? The findings provide an explanation of how the presence of feminine qualities in Barra’s discourse influences her crisis communication style. Also, the results suggest that leaders who have more feminine attributes including being visible, present, and caring about others, could be seen as more favorable in times of crisis. This explanation gives more insights on how glass cliff effect could be a strategy that organizations pursue to help communicate better with their publics during difficult times. Moreover, the overlap I found between DRT and ethic of care themes suggest that the leader-based theory presents more feminine qualities like courage, responsibility, and responsiveness to others’ needs. This overlap provides a new insight into how DRT is gendered.
    • Gene expression analysis of a new source of human oocytes and embryos for research and human embryonic stem cell derivation

      Sneddon, Sharon F.; Desousa, Paul A.; Arnesen, Ruth E.; Lieberman, Brian A.; Kimber, Susan J.; Brison, Daniel R. (2011-03-15)
      Objective: To create developmentally competent embryos from failed-to-fertilize oocytes for use in infertility research and human embryonic stem cell derivation. Design: Attempts to recover developmental potential of failed-to-fertilize oocytes were made by using either parthenogenetic activation or reinsemination by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Resulting embryos were cultured to various stages up to and including blastocyst, and single embryos exhibiting normal development were analyzed for gene expression by quantitatively profiling representative transcripts. Setting: Hospital-based assisted reproductive technology laboratory and University academic laboratories. Patient(s): One hundred sixty-five couples undergoing assisted fertility treatment. Intervention(s): Metaphase II stage oocytes were either parthenogenetically activated or reinseminated with donor sperm, then allowed to develop up to and including the blastocyst stage. Main Outcome Measure(s): Gene expression analysis was performed on oocytes and embryos by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for markers of developmental competence. Result(s): Fertilization occurred in 65% of the activated or reinseminated oocytes, which resulted in a blastocyst formation rate of 8%. Evaluation of a number of developmentally important genes in those embryos exhibiting normal development revealed profile and levels of expression similar to control embryos. One blastocyst from an activated oocyte yielded a novel pluripotent stem cell line indistinguishable from those derived from embryos surplus to infertility treatment. Conclusion(s): Clinically unusable oocytes represent a valuable alternative source of normal human embryos for human infertility and stem cell research without conflicting with patient treatment. © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.