• Paediatric Nursing and Research Ethics: Is There a Conflict?

      Lowes, Lesley (2015-05-05)
      This paper briefly outlines the major ethical issues which need to be considered when conducting paediatric research. An overview of ethical theories and principles will highlight the difficulties which may be experienced when making decisions about children's competency to consent to participate in research. The congruency of the paediatric nurse as 'researcher' and 'practitioner' will be examined. Does the nurse involved in paediatric research experience a conflict between a commitment to research and safeguarding the interests and well-being of the child.
    • [Palliative care in delivery room for preterm infants less than 24weeks of gestation. Analysis of two different behaviors.]

      Service de réanimation néonatale ; Hôpital Sud; Laboratoire d'éthique médicale et médecine légale (LEM) ; Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 (UPD5); Pierre, M.; Plu, Isabelle; Hervé, Christian; Bétrémieux, Pierre (HAL CCSDElsevier, 2011-03-11)
      International audience
    • Palliative Care in SMA Type 1: A Prospective Multicenter French Study Based on Parents' Reports

      CHU Necker - Enfants Malades [AP-HP]; Service de neurologie pédiatrique [CHU Necker] ; CHU Necker - Enfants Malades [AP-HP]-Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) (APHP); Clinical Research Department, Necker–Enfants Malades Hospital, APHP, Paris, France; Physical Rehabilitation Department, Necker–Enfants Malades Hospital, APHP, Paris , France; Physical Rehabilitation Department, Necker–Enfants Malades Hospital, APHP, Paris , France; Service de pédiatrie néonatale et réanimation - neuropédiatrie [Rouen] ; CHU Rouen ; Normandie Université (NU)-Normandie Université (NU)-Université de Rouen Normandie (UNIROUEN) ; Normandie Université (NU)-Hôpital Charles Nicolle [Rouen]; Maladies Neuromusculaires de l'Enfant ; Hôpital Roger Salengro; Aix-Marseille Université - Faculté de médecine (AMU MED) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU); Département de Pédiatrie ; CHU Toulouse [Toulouse]; Biostatistiques santé ; Département biostatistiques et modélisation pour la santé et l'environnement [LBBE] ; Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive - UMR 5558 (LBBE) ; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (UCBL) ; Université de Lyon-Université de Lyon-Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (Inria)-VetAgro Sup - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche en alimentation, santé animale, sciences agronomiques et de l'environnement (VAS)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (UCBL) ; Université de Lyon-Université de Lyon-Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (Inria)-VetAgro Sup - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche en alimentation, santé animale, sciences agronomiques et de l'environnement (VAS)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive - UMR 5558 (LBBE) ; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (UCBL) ; Université de Lyon-Université de Lyon-Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (Inria)-VetAgro Sup - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche en alimentation, santé animale, sciences agronomiques et de l'environnement (VAS)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (UCBL) ; Université de Lyon-Université de Lyon-Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (Inria)-VetAgro Sup - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche en alimentation, santé animale, sciences agronomiques et de l'environnement (VAS)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); et al. (HAL CCSDFrontiers, 2020-02-18)
      International audience
    • Panel Discussion III: Who Is Concerned With Patient Welfare in Research?

      Buhler, Fritz R.; Catenhusen, W. Michael; Deutsch, Erwin; Dollery, Colin; Sass, Hans-Martin (2015-05-05)
    • Panel Faults Research Consent Process

      Marshall, Eliot (2015-05-05)
    • Panel on policy and regulation issues

      Département Management, Marketing et Stratégie (MMS) ; Télécom Ecole de Management (TEM)-Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] (IMT)-Institut Mines-Télécom Business School (IMT-BS); Laboratoire en Innovation, Technologies, Economie et Management (LITEM) ; Université d'Évry-Val-d'Essonne (UEVE)-Institut Mines-Télécom Business School (IMT-BS); Balagué, Christine (HAL CCSD, 2017-12-05)
      International audience
    • Paper Use in Research Ethics Applications and Study Conduct

      Chakladar, Abhijoy; Eckstein, Sue; White, Stuart M (2016-01-09)
      Application for Research Ethics Committee (REC) approval and the conduct of medical research is paper intensive. This retrospective study examined all applications to a single REC in the south of England over one year. It estimated the mass of paper used, comparing the proportional paper consumption of different trial types and during different stages of the research process, quantifying the consumption in terms of carbon dioxide emissions. In 2009, 68 trials were submitted to the REC. Total paper consumption for the REC process and study conduct was 176,150 sheets of A4 paper (879 kg), equivalent to an estimated 11.5 million sheets (88 tonnes, 2100 trees) a year for the U.K.; the REC process accounted for 26.4%. REC applications and the conduct of approved trials generate considerable environmental impact through paper consumption contributing to the NHS's carbon footprint. Paper use might be reduced through the implementation of digital technologies and revised research methods, namely changing attitudes in both researchers and ethics committees.
    • PAPERS COMMISSIONED FOR THE HUMAN EMBRYO RESEARCH PANEL, VOLUME II

      National Institutes of Health [NIH] (United States). Ad Hoc Group of Consultants to the Advisory Committee to the Director (2011-07-12)
      Contains the following papers: THE HISTORY, CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE DIRECTION OF RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN EMBRYOS, by Jonathan Van Blerkom; ETHICAL ISSUES IN HUMAN EMBRYO RESEARCH, by Bonnie Steinbock; CROSS-CULTURAL ANALYSIS OF POLICIES REGARDING EMBRYO RESEARCH, by Lori B. Andrews and Nanette Elster; and STATE REGULATION OF EMBRYO RESEARCH, Lori B. Andrews. "These papers were commissioned in December 1993 to provide background information to the NIH Human Embryo Research Panel."
    • Paradigma pendidikan Islam berbasis humanis spiritual teologis: Teori dan aplikasinya

      Supriyatno, Triyo (Literasi Nusantara, 2020)
      Pendidikan yang baik adalah yang dapat menentukan dinamika kemajuan bangsa. Sebaliknya, bangsa yang tidak berkembang adalah wujud dari mundurnya pendidikan bangsa. Pendidikan ialah proses seseorang mengembangkan kemampuan sikap dan tingkah laku di dalam masyarakat. Selain itu, pendidikan juga diartikan sebagai proses sosial yang terjadi pada seseorang terhadap pengaruh lingkungan sehingga dapat memperoleh pengembangan kemampuan sosial dan kemampuan individu yang optimal.
    • Parallele Welten innerhalb der Soziologie mit Rückbezug auf Thomas Kuhn

      Brassat, Wassili (DEU, 2020-09-04)
      Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit den jüngsten Auseinandersetzungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie (DGS) und der Akademie für Soziologie (AfS). Es soll eine Parallele zwischen den Ausführungen Thomas S. Kuhns einerseits in Zusammenhang mit seiner Inkommensurabilitätsthese und andererseits in Bezug auf bestimmte Aspekte innerhalb der Argumentationsstruktur der AfS für eine Abspaltung von der DGS, dargestellt werden. Ein grundlegendes Element, welches Kuhn in seine Argumentation eingearbeitet hat, um verschiedene Paradigmen mit einer Metapher von parallelen Welten zu belegen, lässt sich auch innerhalb der Argumentationsstruktur der AfS herausarbeiten. Nämlich eine Position, die einen Diskurs über Grundlagen als Hemmnis der jeweiligen Disziplin versteht. Ein solches Konzept kommt, so das Fazit, nicht ohne rhetorische Überhöhungen aus, welche in die wissenschaftlichen Argumente eingearbeitet werden und führt somit unweigerlich zu Problemen. Durch die Darstellung ausgewählter Aspekte soll es möglich werden, diese Parallele zu ziehen.
    • Parallels between Mindfulness and First-person Research into Consciousness

      Olga MARKIČ; Urban KORDEŠ (Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani), 2016-08-01)
      The article highlights some of the parallels encountered in the areas of mindfulness and first-person scientific approaches to research into consciousness. It thus considers the possibilities of using mindfulness as a scientific method in the area of cognitive science. We are well aware that both first-person research approaches in cognitive science and mindfulness as a type of Buddhist practice are intertwined with certain conceptual frameworks. This calls for a careful consideration of their individual characteristics, which may gain completely different meanings outside of their primary contexts. Since the concept of mindfulness has been a part of Western thinking for some time now, especially in the area of therapy, we believe it is necessary for a critical reflection on the possibilities of both of these areas to inspire each other. We touch upon some of the important epistemological and methodological questions, and point out some of the problems common to both empirical first-person research and Buddhist methods of contemplation of experience. More specifically, this work examines the problem of limited scope of insight, the subject-object split and excavation fallacy, the problem of researching everyday experience, and the issue of horizon. We also consider the question of research intention in both science and Buddhism. The conclusion gives some suggestions as to how these two areas might mutually benefit one another. We also point out the ethical aspects that Buddhism might contribute to scientific research, and the open-endedness that science could contribute to Buddhism and other spiritual practices.
    • "Parent's roles and experiences" session

      Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique et Santé (ADES) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-EFS ALPES MEDITERRANEE-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Espace éthique méditerranéen ; Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM)- Hôpital de la Timone [CHU - APHM] (TIMONE); Altavilla, Annagrazia (HAL CCSD, 2013-10-10)
      International audience
    • Parental and Clinical Perception of Informed Consent in Neonatal Research

      O Shea, Niamh (e-publications@RCSI, 2015-11-06)
      D. Abstract Objectives: To systematically explore the perceptions parents and clinicians have of the informed consent process in neonatal research. Methods: A comprehensive literature review of peer reviewed studies, all of which are related to the topic of this dissertation. Additionally, an original questionnaire based study was conducted. The study recruited parents of newborn infants who had been an inpatient of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Cork University Maternity Hospital and clinicians currently employed in either a paediatric or neonatal setting. Results: Parent perception of informed consent in neonatal research is a relatively well studied area. Parents have a lack of understating of certain study procedures including the element of randomisation. 72% of clinicians believe approaching parents antenatally with information about a neonatal study leads to a greater uptake in consent and 57% of parents stated a preference to being approached with information prior to the birth of their baby. Parents expressed confusion to some content in the consent forms and junior clinicians expressed a lack of understanding of good clinical practice. Parental vulnerability during the informed consent process was highlighted. Discussion/conclusion: Parents are generally supportive of neonatal research. They are aware of their vulnerability during the neonatal period. They take part in neonatal studies for altruistic reasons such as helping babies of the future and stressed the importance of protecting parents in a similar situation. There is a need for increased consultant support during the informed consent process for parents and junior clinicians. It is essential junior clinicians receive training in the acquisition of informed consent from senior colleagues. The establishment of consenting guidelines for junior doctors to assist them during in the informed consent process is recommended. There is a need for further research to be completed in this complex legal and ethical area to ensure valid, informed consent is obtained and to enhance the consenting experience for this vulnerable cohort.
    • Parental Authority, Research Interests and Children's Right to Decide in Medical Research -- an Uneasy Tension?

      Swartling, Ulrica; Helgesson, Gert; Hansson, Mats G.; Ludvigsson, Johnny (2016-01-08)
      There is an increased focus on, and evidence of, children's capability to both understand and make decisions about issues relating to participation in medical research. At the same time there are divergent ideas of when, how and to what extent children should be allowed to decide for themselves. Furthermore, little is known about parents' views on these matters, an important issue since they often provide the formal consent. In this questionnaire study of 2500 families in south-east Sweden (with and without research experience) we explored parents' views on issues relating to information, consent and research data. We found that parents are generally positive about supplying their child with individual information (93.3%; median age 7) and assuring the child's consent/assent to participation (74.3%; median age 12). However, parents' views vary regarding the extent to which children should influence research data: as many as 47?61% of our sample were opposed to children's rights to decide about the use and storage of biological samples and natural history data. Parents who are opposed to child consent and a wider influence on their research participation argue that parental authority and research quality are two important factors opposing enhanced child influence. Drawing on this, we underline the need to discuss how to balance children's rights against parental autonomy and research interests before implementing any standardized protocols granting children the right to consent and revoke data in long-term research.