Environmental values;Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER);Qualitative Research
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Abstract[[abstract]]本研究係探討玉山國家公園管理處於九十四年七、八月舉辦「楠梓仙溪長期生態調查活動」參與者的自然價值觀。在為期一周的時間，參與者體驗在原始森林中從事生態調查活動，參與生態相關課程和團體生活。研究對象以參與本活動之59人為主，平均年齡介於15-59歲之間。經研究者採用Stephen Kellert自然價值觀分析標準，歸納參與者的自然價值觀特性。 本研究是採用質性研究參與觀察法進行，並以報名資料及自然日記為主要分析工具，配合非正式觀察、小組討論錄音及半結構式訪談為輔助項目且利用三角交叉檢視法進行校正，分析每位參與者的自然價值觀，提出下列研究結果： 一、提供長期生態研究機會讓社會大眾共同參與：參與者參與生態調 查活動除了體驗「做中學」的樂趣外，在自然環境裡，參與者認 為可以感受自然的美妙達到身心放鬆，並瞭解人與自然相依相存 的關係，對自然產生愛與關懷，比取得調查技能來得重要。 二、社會環境教育是塑造價值觀的方式：價值發展是社會化過程，藉 由社會環境教育建立正確價值觀，是培養個人價值觀的方法，未 來非正規教育可朝此方向發展。 三、參與長期生態調查活動可提昇環境保護行動：價值教育，即信念 教育，乃是感情教育與認知教育的綜合。然而價值表現於選擇性 行動，因此參與長期生態調查活動可塑造個人價值觀產生環保行 動。
[[abstract]]The study aimed to explore the views of Nature and environmental values held by the participants who volunteered to help the ecological research project at the Nanzeshen creek area in the Yushan National Park. Participants worked in a natural forest, learned the plant inventory methods, and had opportunities to discuss with ecologists and peers in the 7-day program. The program included fieldwork, lecture, training courses, group discussions, and a half-day field trip. There were 59 participants whose age ranged from 15 to 59. The analysis criteria of participants’ views of nature and environmental values were based on the categorization developed by Stephen Kellert (1999). This study employed the qualitative research methods. Data included participants’ journals with guided questions, formal and informal interviews, reflection papers, and autobiographies. The research findings are: 1. Providing the opportunities for the public to participating in long time ecological research: In addition to experiencing “learning by doing”, the participants relaxed themselves in the meantime, and they understood the relationship between human and the nature. Furthermore, they were willing to care about the nature. The outcome was more important than just acquiring for plant inventory skills in the natural environment. 2. The social environmental education is the best way to form the values: Human values development is the process of socialization, which is established by correct social environmental education. Therefore, the authorities can emphasize the informal education to cultivate peoples’ views in the future. 3. Participants can promote their environmental protection behaviors after participating in the long-term ecology research: Values education, that is, belief education, is the combination education of cognition and emotion. However, people’s values can be performed by alternative actions. Through participating in the long-term ecology research, their views will account for their behaviors in environmental protection.