Oil Transnationals and the Huaorani community of the Amazon basin : redefining development in the Ecuadorian rainforest
Author(s)Calderón, María José
KeywordsINDIOS DEL AMAZONAS -- ECUADOR
INDIOS DEL ECUADOR -- HUAORANI
PETROLEO -- INDUSTRIA Y COMERCIO -- POLÍTICA GUBERNAMENTAL -- ECUADOR
PETROLEO -- INDUSTRIA Y COMERCIO -- ECUADOR
COMPAÑÍAS PETROLERAS -- INDUSTRIA Y COMERCIO -- ECUADOR
RECURSOS NATURALES -- EXTRACCIÓN
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThis research paper will explain the relationships of the different social
groups in the Ecuadorian Rainforest. The social actors involved in the control of
the natural resources are: 1) the Ecuadorian government and their policies
regarding natural resources and extraction, 2) ecological organizations, both
national and international 3) the oil companies 4) and the Huaorani, an
indigenous community that inhabits this area. The research will consist of the
mapping of these social actors.
Calderón, María José (1998). Oil Transnationals and the Huaorani community of the Amazon basin: redefining development in the Ecuadorian rainforest. Master of Arts. University of Maryland, Faculty of the Graduate School. Baltimore County. 108 p.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Tercera instrucción que el Ilmo. y Rvmo. Sr. Dr. D. Federico González Suárez, Obispo de Ibarra, dirige a los sacerdotes de su DiócesisGonzález Suárez, Federico, 1844-1917 (Quito : Imprenta Nacional, 2013-08-02)xi, 18 p.
An evaluation of the potential for implementing adaptive co-management in the Waodani social-ecological system in the Ecuadorian AmazonShackleton, Sheona; Bryja, Malgorzata Anna (Rhodes UniversityFaculty of Science, Environmental Science, 2015)Adaptive co-management (ACM), one of the most prominent management approaches to emerge in the recent years, combines iterative learning, flexibility, and adaptation promoted by adaptive management with the principles of nurturing diversity and fostering collaboration among different partners that underpin co-management philosophy. ACM has been proposed as an approach to address the deficiencies of centralized management in ensuring sustainability of social-ecological systems (SESs) in face of future uncertainties. This thesis aims to evaluate the readiness of resource users (the Waodani) as well as external actors (the Ecuadorian State and NGOs) for future implementation of ACM and thus enhancing the long-term social-ecological sustainability of the Waodani SES located in the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Qualitative data obtained by means of focus groups with the Waodani and individual interviews with external actors and Waodani leaders revealed different levels of readiness for ACM. Firstly, in the case of the Waodani, the insufficient fulfillment of some conditions required for successful ACM as well as intercommunity differences in regards to these conditions can complicate the implementation of ACM, unless sufficient external assistance is offered to the SES. The analysis of NGOs demonstrated, on the other hand, a relative readiness for ACM, providing that such aspects as sufficient funding, long-term commitment to collaboration, and inter-institutional linkages are strengthened. The study also found that the Ecuadorian government’s potential to contribute to ACM is hindered by the lack of readiness to work with the indigenous society as well as by funding and communication challenges. Furthermore, the resource based economy supported by the State limits the scope of innovation and adaptation. Still, as in the case of other actors, overcoming the challenges and transitioning towards adaptive governance and thus ACM could be possible in the long-term, if recent legal and political changes are truly implemented.