Research ethics philosophical focuses on the relations and differences between ethics and research, between on one side an instrumental rationality, which rules sciences and technical innovation, and the ethical dimension of the human action. It gathers documents on research understood philosophically as, on one side, a possible way to renew life, thus on research as an ethics of utopias. Utopias offer a glimpse of an alternative to dominant system dissatisfaction, open the image of a world not yet in existence that is different from and better than the world we inhabit now.Research norms and values mean on the other hand concrete applications, in various fields, on ethics in research involving human beings. Setting research standards in empirical sciences and publication related research, finding rules and common praxis to reaffirm the anthropological ground of knowledge formation and erudition is a long path, a field in development, coextensive with that of ethics in higher education, and permeable to technological evolutions inside our societies.

Recent Submissions

  • Inflections of the modern state from the ethical-labor implications, generated by the disruption of the fourth technological revolution

    Technology has been an important engine in the economic-social configuration of the State due to the centralization or social decentralization of work. The aim of this article is to perform a theoretical analysis from the visions of postmodernity (Zygmund Bauman), cosmopolitan society and social container theory (Ulrich Beck) and pragmatic social theory (Richard Sennett); regarding the sociological conceptualization of work ethics and its implications in the construction, perpetuation or extinction of the modern state. Through this one, due to the implications of the technological advances of the so-called fourth technological revolution, or industry 4.0. The foregoing, with the purpose of explaining the inflections of the political composition of the State before the ethical challenges of labor flexibility and job insecurity.
  • Grāmata par laulību

    Ausējs, Longīns (2020-06-17)
  • Social media, interpersonal relations and the objective attitude

    Turp, M-J. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-06-09)
  • A charter for biomedical research ethics in a progressive, caring society

    Vandoolaeghe, Sylvie; Blaizot, Alessandra; Boudiguet, Danie; Bougault, Valérie; Dei Cas, Eduardo; Foligne, Benoît; Goffard, Anne; Lefranc, Hélène; Oxombre, Bénédicte; Trentesaux, Thomas (BioMed Central, 2020-06-02)
  • Skin in the Game: Personal Accountability and Journal Peer Review

    Sacco, Donald F.; Bruton, Samuel V.; Brown, Mitch; Medlin, Mary M. (The Aquila Digital Community, 2020-05-19)
    Two preregistered studies explored the likelihood paper reviewers would request clarification from authors regarding potential questionable research practices (QRPs). Study 1 participants were instructed to imagine reviewing a journal manuscript as either a coauthor or peer reviewer and rate the extent to which they would request clarification from the author when encountering potential QRPs. Participants reported greater likelihood of requesting clarification when assigned to the coauthor relative to the peer reviewer role. Study 2 participants were assigned to either an anonymous or open-review condition and rated the extent to which they would seek clarification from an author regarding potential QRPs. Men (but not women) in the open review condition reported greater likelihood of seeking clarification about potential QRPs than men in the blind review condition. Results provide tentative evidence that motivational factors influence the peer review process, and suggestions are made for improving peer review practices.
  • How Well Can We Measure Well-Being?

    Lu-Lerner, Lily X (Oberlin College Honors Theses / OhioLINK, 2020-05-21)
  • Transforming research ethics: the choices and challenges of researching with children

    orcid:0000-0001-5829-250X; MACNAUGHTON, GM; SMITH, KA (Open University Press, 2014-05-21)
    B1 - Chapter in Research Book
  • RoadEthos: Game-Based Learning to Sensitize Children on Road Safety through Ethical Reasoning

    HEROLD, PC; KHWAJA, U; MURTHY, S; DASGUPTA, C (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-05-12)
    Road safety training programs focusing on practical methods have been known to help novice drivers acquire the knowledge and skills required to drive on the road and improve their judgments. However, the attitude required for safe behavior is often overlooked, leading to road mishaps. This led us to study the ethical reasoning that influences people's attitude while taking a decision on the road. It is also reported that road safety education should commence as early as the age of 4-5 and needs to be pursued through primary and secondary school. Hence, we designed and developed a game-based learning environment, RoadEthos, using three technologies (Scratch, Arduino, 3D printer) to sensitize children towards road safety through ethical reasoning in road scenarios. The design of the game and its scenarios are based on the theoretical underpinnings of empathy and situated learning. This paper reports the results and analysis of a study conducted with 5 students of the age group 10-12, where we captured students' actions, decisions and their change in ethical reasoning, before and after interacting with this game. The paper concludes with the next steps for the project, in terms of its design and implementation. © 2019 IEEE.
  • The effect of scepticism, self-construal, and self-esteem on auditors' ethical judgments and ethical intentions in an auditor-client conflict situation

    Macquarie University. Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance; Mohammad, Hamed (Sydney, Australia : Macquarie University, 2017)
    Theoretical thesis.
  • Emergency care research ethics in low- and middle-income countries

    Millum, Joseph; Beecroft, Blythe; Hardcastle, Timothy C.; Hirshon, Jon Mark; Hyder, Adnan A.; Newberry, Jennifer A.; Saenz, Carla (2019)
    A large proportion of the total global burden of disease is caused by emergency medical conditions. Emergency care research is essential to improving emergency medicine but this research can raise some distinctive ethical challenges, especially with regard to (1) standard of care and risk–benefit assessment; (2) blurring of the roles of clinician and researcher; (3) enrolment of populations with intersecting vulnerabilities; (4) fair participant selection; (5) quality of consent; and (6) community engagement. Despite the importance of research to improve emergency care in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and the widely acknowledged ethical challenges, very little has been written on the ethics of emergency care research in LMICs. This paper examines the ethical and regulatory challenges to conducting emergency care research with human participants in LMICs. We outline key challenges, present potential solutions or frameworks for addressing these challenges, and identify gaps. Despite the ethical and regulatory challenges, conducting high-quality, ethical emergency care research in LMICs is possible and it is essential for global health.
  • The Calls for Universal Social Protection by International Organizations: Constructing a New Global Consensus

    Leisering, Lutz (PRT, 2020-04-30)
    Universalism has become a lead idea of global social politics, and of global social security in particular, first voiced in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and renewed in recent calls for "Social Security for All" and "Universal Health Coverage," and in the Global Partnership for Universal Social Protection to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals launched by the World Bank and the International Labour Organization in 2016. This article analyses the idea of a universal right to social protection, as recently articulated by international organizations. According to J. W. Meyer’s neo-institutionalist theory of world society (Krücken & Drori, 2009; Meyer, 2007), universalism is a world-cultural norm, and international organizations are proponents of world culture. This article is based on the assumption that the meaning of universalism is not fixed, but that international organizations construct the norm in changing ways to secure worldwide acceptance and applicability, considering that states have very diverse socio-economic conditions and socio-cultural backgrounds. Accordingly, the article analyses how international organizations construct the cultural idea of universalism as well as institutional models of universal social protection. The finding is that the recent calls for universalism represent a new interpretation of universalism that refers to individual entitlements to benefits rather than collective development, and that this global consensus was reached by constructing the norm in a way to leave room for interpretation and adaptation. However, the price of consensus is the attenuation of the norm, by allowing particularistic interpretations and by weakening the content of the right to social protection. The article also seeks to explain the rise of the new global consensus and identify its limitations.
  • Research Ethics Committees and Community Values: Devlin, Dworkin, Hart and Beyond

    Salako, Solomon E. (World Association for Medical Law, 2010)
    Two fundamental requirements ought to be met in any selection to research ethics committees: (i) professional scientific competence, and (ii) the understanding of moral values which prevail in any community. The question is: Should the verdicts of research ethics committees be based on community values? This article critically examines theories of community as were propounded by Devlin, Dworkin and Hart in answer to this question. It is argued that community values are complementary rather than conflicting, and that Dworkin's theory of community provides an analytical framework for research ethics on the new genetic technologies. Finally, it is submitted that the verdicts of research ethics committees should be based on community values.
  • Les cadres sociaux de la mémoire

    Halbwachs, Maurice (AlcanFRAParis, 2018-10-29)
  • Konventionen, epistemische Werte und Kritik: Neopragmatische Perspektiven auf Sozialforschung

    Diaz-Bone, Rainer; Horvath, Kenneth (DEU, 2020-04-15)
    Diskussionen um die Normativität von Sozialforschung gehen häufig von der Vorannahme aus, dass Werte und Fakten einander äußerlich sind. Auf Basis (neo-)pragmatischer Überlegungen schlägt dieser Beitrag demgegenüber die Unhintergehbarkeit von Werten in der sozialwissenschaftlichen Wissensproduktion als möglichen Ausgangspunkt einer Soziologie der Sozialforschung vor. Epistemische Werte erlauben Koordination und Bewertung im Forschungsprozess. Diese Werte sind keine Frage subjektiver Vorlieben, sondern "objektiv". Sie müssen sich im sozialen Vollzug der Forschung zur Bewältigung ungewisser Situationen bewähren und sind als historisch geformte Handlungsressourcen intersubjektiv verfügbar und kritisierbar. Die Frage nach den Werten, die Forschungsprozessen ihre Form geben, wäre damit empirisch (nicht "normativ") zu beantworten. Diese wissenschaftsimmanenten Werte sind nicht von umfassenderen oder tiefer liegenden normativen Ordnungen zu trennen, die im Rahmen der Soziologie der Konventionen als Konventionen bezeichnet werden. Im französischen Neopragmatismus sind die sogenannten Konventionen als alltagspraktische Ressource für die Kritik und Legitimierung untersucht worden. Die Diskussion epistemischer Werte führt daher zwangsläufig zur Frage der Kritik, die ihrerseits nicht mit Bezug auf eine transzendente Wahrheit, sondern nur konkret und "realistisch" beantwortet werden kann.
  • What Is Our Research For? Responsibility, Humility and the Production of Knowledge about Burundi

    Curtis, Devon E. A. (DEU, 2020-04-15)
    Political space in Burundi underwent a remarkable opening during the Burundian peace process and its immediate aftermath, which led to a rise in social science scholarship in Burundi. This space has increasingly narrowed, particularly since the crisis in 2015, presenting important challenges for social science scholars of Burundi. This changing political environment has consequences for the production of knowledge on Burundi. It is therefore timely to ask what purposes does research on Burundi serve. This article reflects upon different motivations and goals for social science research in Burundi and how these affect the types of research questions that are asked and the formats for knowledge dissemination. It argues that both the opening and closing of the Burundian political landscape bring into sharp relief the need for greater scholarly reflexivity. The article argues that in contexts of structural inequality and increased political control such as Burundi, we need to be particularly attentive to the need for scholarly responsibility and humility, as well as an awareness of the dynamics that have led to calls for the decolonisation of knowledge within the social sciences.
  • Mainstream, Orthodoxie und Heterodoxie: zur Klassifizierung der Wirtschaftswissenschaften

    Universität Hamburg, Fak. Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, FB Sozialökonomie, Zentrum für Ökonomische und Soziologische Studien (ZÖSS); Hirte, Katrin; Thieme, Sebastian (DEUHamburg, 2018-10-29)
  • Die Perspektiven der Erneuerung der Wirtschaftswissenschaft in einem Lakatos-Bourdieu-Analyserahmen

    Universität Hamburg, Fak. Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, FB Sozialökonomie, Zentrum für Ökonomische und Soziologische Studien (ZÖSS); Heise, Arne (DEUHamburg, 2018-10-29)
  • Sorting out guidelines for the good evaluation of research practices

    Catalano G.; Daraio C.; Gregori M.; Moed H.F.; Ruocco G.; Daraio, C.; Vaccari, A. (International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, 2019)
    In this paper, we propose the adoption of moral philosophy and in particular normative ethics, to clarify the concept of “good” evaluation of “research practices”. Our perspective is based on the idea that research is a form of social practice according to MacIntyre (1985)’s conceptualization. From MacIntyre’s notion, we elaborate three typologies of researcher: the leader, the good researcher and the honest researcher. Reflecting on what is a “good” research practice and on what is the role of researchers in it provides insight into some aspects of both the self-assessment process and how this promotes individual improvement. Moreover, this kind of reflection helps us to describe the functions (missions) of the research practices. A “good” evaluation should take into account all the building constituents of a “good” research practice and should be able to discriminate between good and bad research practices, while enforcing the functions of good research practices. These reflections may be the starting point for a paradigm shift in the evaluation of research practices which replaces an evaluation centred on products with an evaluation focused on the functions of these practices.
  • Ethikkommissionen in den Sozialwissenschaften - Historische Entwicklungen und Internationale Kontroversen

    Rat für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsdaten (RatSWD); Unger, Hella von; Simon, Dagmar (DEUBerlin, 2020-04-06)
    Ethik-Kommissionen übernehmen die Aufgabe, Forschungsvorhaben auf die Einhaltung forschungsethischer Grundsätze zu prüfen und verhandeln dabei auch Fragen der wissenschaftlichen Güte. Dieser Beitrag fokussiert auf die Entwicklung von Ethik-Kommissionen in der Medizin und den Sozialwissenschaften. Letztere sind im deutschsprachigen Raum ein Phänomen jüngeren Datums und werden kontrovers diskutiert. In der internationalen Erfahrung gehen mit ethics reviews Standardisierungs- und Regulierungsprozesse einher, die dem Methodenpluralismus in den Sozialwissenschaften zuwiderlaufen und aus einer Governance-Perspektive als eine Form der Wissensregulierung gedeutet werden können.

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