• 1 Research ethics in the Facebook era: privacy, anonymity, and oversight

      The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives; Nathan Bos; Erika Shehan Poole; Karrie Karahalios; John Charles Thomas; Sarita Yardi (2011-04-29)
      Copyright is held by the author/owner(s).
    • 17th Annual Meeting of the Applied Research Ethics National Association

      Applied Research Ethics National Association [ARENA], 2016-01-09
    • 20 Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States

      Department of Medical History and Ethics ; Vilnius University [Vilnius]; Department of Medical Ethics ; Lund University; Riga Stradins University ; Riga Stradins University; Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences ; Kaunas University of Medicine; Department of Humanities ; Riga Stradins University; Department of Public Health ; University of Tartu; Bioethics Program ; Union Graduate College - Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Dranseika, Vilius; Gefenas, Eugenijus; Cekanauskaite, Asta; et al. (HAL CCSDWiley, 2010-12-07)
      International audience
    • 20 Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States

      Wiley-Blackwell, 2011-08-06
      Abstract Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and motivation of REC members, and (d) differing levels of stringency of ethical review for different types of studies are identified. Recommendations are made to strengthen cooperation among the Baltic RECs.
    • 20 Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States

      Wiley-Blackwell, 2011-08-07
      Abstract Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and motivation of REC members, and (d) differing levels of stringency of ethical review for different types of studies are identified. Recommendations are made to strengthen cooperation among the Baltic RECs.
    • 2008 Inamori Ethics Prize Speech: The Promise and Peril of the Genomic Revolution

      Collins, Francis (Case Western Reserve University School of Law Scholarly Commons, 2020-02-27)
      edited transcript
    • 20t Century Scepticism (Postmodernism) and Ethical Problems

      KÜÇÜKKAYA, Talha (Din Felsefesi Derneği, 2018-06-01)
      The history of philosophy/ thought, with the condition of beginning with the written material at hand, if it is going to be gone through from the beginning, among the eye-catching points, no matter which period it is, without doubt is the one of philosophy which is in a firm relationship with political, religious, economicial, artistic, ethical, social, scientific and legal fields. Because of this, the attitude puts forward in a philosophical period can only be meaningful if the conditions of the period are taken into consideration. When XX. Century is in question, without doubt postmodernism can also be refered to as a contemporary scepticism which is again a coming to terms of this period. But again the eye-catching most serious crisis of the antiquity is the dead ends of theoretical basis when they confront the ordinary course of community life. When the ethical field is in question, how contemporary scepticism is already coping or is going to cope is what this article hopes to bring forward with a frame in which it is going to try to study.
    • 20t Century Scepticism (Postmodernism) and Ethical Problems

      KÜÇÜKKAYA, Talha (Din Felsefesi Derneği, 2018-06-01)
      The history of philosophy/ thought, with the condition of beginning with the written material at hand, if it is going to be gone through from the beginning, among the eye-catching points, no matter which period it is, without doubt is the one of philosophy which is in a firm relationship with political, religious, economicial, artistic, ethical, social, scientific and legal fields. Because of this, the attitude puts forward in a philosophical period can only be meaningful if the conditions of the period are taken into consideration. When XX. Century is in question, without doubt postmodernism can also be refered to as a contemporary scepticism which is again a coming to terms of this period. But again the eye-catching most serious crisis of the antiquity is the dead ends of theoretical basis when they confront the ordinary course of community life. When the ethical field is in question, how contemporary scepticism is already coping or is going to cope is what this article hopes to bring forward with a frame in which it is going to try to study.
    • 30 Years of agronomic research in Iran: II. Evaluation of research ethics

      A. Koocheki; M. Nassiri Mahallati; R. Ghorbani; S. Khorramdel (Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 2016-05-01)
      During the last three decades publication of papers in different fields of agronomic sciences have been increased drastically in Iran. However, there is growing warnings about research misconducts. To get a quantitative insight into the commitment to the research ethics, 1269 papers published during the last 3 decades in the refereed domestic journals were surveyed using human tools. The frequency of different type of misconducts were calculated and compared statistically. The results indicated that overlap in title, the target crop, experimental factors (treatments) and the measured traits was occurred with frequency of 26% among the surveyed papers which was categorized as unauthorized adoption of ideas. Falsification and fabrication was distinguished based on the coefficient of variation (CV), probability of type I error and discrepancy between the results of ANOVA and regression analysis. This type of misconducts had frequency of 6%. However, plagiarism had a significantly higher frequency and was detected in up to 12% of the papers. The frequency of all type of misconducts was significantly higher in the papers where the corresponding authors were students compared to the papers published by scientific staffs of universities/research institutes. Overall research misconducts were distinguished in 16% of papers and were most frequent in the 1380 decade compared to 60’s and 70’s. It seems that lack of awareness about the principles of research ethics is the main cause of the prevalence of the observed misconducts. Therefore, development of a national code of ethics is of high priority for the national agricultural research system in the country.
    • "Participant" Perceptions of Twitter Research Ethics

      Fiesler, Casey; Proferes, Nicholas (UKnowledge, 2018-01-01)
      Social computing systems such as Twitter present new research sites that have provided billions of data points to researchers. However, the availability of public social media data has also presented ethical challenges. As the research community works to create ethical norms, we should be considering users’ concerns as well. With this in mind, we report on an exploratory survey of Twitter users’ perceptions of the use of tweets in research. Within our survey sample, few users were previously aware that their public tweets could be used by researchers, and the majority felt that researchers should not be able to use tweets without consent. However, we find that these attitudes are highly contextual, depending on factors such as how the research is conducted or disseminated, who is conducting it, and what the study is about. The findings of this study point to potential best practices for researchers conducting observation and analysis of public data.
    • 5.4 Scepticism, Externalism and the Ethics of Belief

      Oxford University, 2010-11-29
      Part 5.4. Looks at the role the concept of knowledge plays in life, the different levels of knowledge we require in certain contexts and the return of scepticism over knowledge.
    • 5.4 Scepticism, Externalism and the Ethics of Belief

      Oxford University, 2010-11-29
      Part 5.4. Looks at the role the concept of knowledge plays in life, the different levels of knowledge we require in certain contexts and the return of scepticism over knowledge.