Rapporti fra fattori ambientali e proteine di parete in Bifidobacterium
Author(s)Tacconi, Stefano <1961>
KeywordsAGR/16 Microbiologia agraria
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AbstractThe normal gut microbiota has several important functions in host physiology and metabolism, and plays a key role in health and disease. Bifidobacteria, which are indigenous components of gastrointestinal microbiota, may play an important role in maintaining the well-being of the host although its precise function is very difficult to study. Its physiological and biochemical activities are controlled by many factors, particularly diet and environment. Adherence and colonization capacity are considered as contributing factors for immune modulation, pathogen exclusion, and enhanced contact with the mucosa. In this way, bifidobacteria would fortify the microbiota that forms an integral part of the mucosal barrier and colonization resistance against pathogens. Bifidobacteria are not only subjected to stressful conditions in industrial processes, but also in nature, where the ability to respond quickly to stress is essential for survival. Bifidobacteria, like other microorganisms, have evolved sensing systems for/and defences against stress that allow them to withstand harsh conditions and sudden environmental changes. Bacterial stress responses rely on the coordinated expression of genes that alter various cellular processes and structures (e.g. DNA metabolism, housekeeping genes, cell-wall proteins, membrane composition) and act in concert to improve bacterial stress tolerance. The integration of these stress responses is accomplished by regulatory networks that allow the cell to react rapidly to various and sometimes complex environmental changes. This work examined the effect of important stressful conditions, such as changing pH and osmolarity, on the biosynthesis of cell wall proteins in B. pseudolongum subsp. globosum. These environmental factors all influence heavily the expression of BIFOP (BIFidobacterial Outer Proteins) in the cell-wall and can have an impact in the interaction with host. Also evidence has been collected linking the low concentration of sugar in the culture medium with the presence or absence of extracromosomal DNA.
Tacconi, Stefano (2009) Rapporti fra fattori ambientali e proteine di parete in Bifidobacterium, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ecologia microbica e resistenza indotta ad agenti fitopatogeni: progetto n. 1 "Ecologia microbica" <http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/view/dottorati/DOT358/>, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2041.