Research Ethics Professional is a Globethics.net sub-collection on research ethics focusing on professional ethics, on work ethics in the research profession, namely on the specific responsibilities common among researchers who do the research, including the whole environment and other stakeholders.The main ethical normative aspects of research are presented in a systematic way as building blocks from a unifying principle, a limited set of virtues and a wide range of responsibilities as self-oriented or others-oriented duties. The collection as a systematic whole is highlighting a holistic approach on the ethics of duties in the research profession, from various points of views, constituting a comprehensive totality of all main aspects of this activity, based on The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity, published recently by All European Academies (ALLEA). This collection borrows from ALLEA's expertise and results, it shows in short how to deal with failures to use good practice, which jeopardize by irresponsible behaviour the important harmony between the aim of increasing knowledge and remaining true to self-knowledge, proper to ethical life.

Recent Submissions

  • Journal of Responsible Innovation

    Taylor & Francis Group, 2021-05-25
  • Over...bevissing van de zee

    Wiepkema, P.R.; Verreth, J.A.J.; Haren, W., van (Stichting Bio-Wetenschappen en Maatschappij, 2004)
    Vis als voedsel voor de mens. Meervoudig onverzadigd vetzuur is hier het toverwoord. Overbevissing kan catastrofale gevolgen hebben in die landen waar vis een hoofdvoedsel is. Kennis van vis en visstanden schiet vaak nog tekort en onderzoek daarnaar verdient grote prioriteit. Een tweede element is de grootschaligheid in de visserij. Enerzijds zijn er de enorme diepvriestrawlers, die met de meest moderne middelen scholen vis opsporen en vervolgens wegvangen: een industrie op zee. Anderzijds is er de bodemvisserij, waar zware sleepnetten over de bodem worden gehaald, vis wordt opgerakeld en weggevangen. Daarbij wordt veel bodemleven beschadigd en later als overbodige bijvangst over boord gezet. Een derde element staat voor de belangen van de vissers zelf. Hoe kunnen en moeten ze maat houden en hun eigen bestaan voor de toekomst veilig stellen? Een aspect daarbij is de vraag van wie de zee nu eigelijk is. Daar zitten lastige juridische kanten aan. Het gemeenschappelijke (EU) beleid is meer en meer erop gericht de visstand in zee de nodige bescherming te bieden. Plannen in Nederland en de EU, die dit moeten realiseren, worden beschreven. Een heel bijzonder element vormt de zee, de oceaan, zelf. Tenslotte is er de blauwe revolutie: de visteelt. Hoe nuttig de visteelt ook lijkt te zijn in het sparen van de verwante wilde soorten, het herbergt wel een aantal ingrijpende verliesposten. Voor deze teelt is visvoer nodig, geleverd door de vangst van vissoorten die gedecimeerd dreigen te worden. Ook vervuilingseffecten zijn niet verwaarloosbaar. Met nieuwe houderijtechnieken wordt geprobeerd daar een oplossing voor te vinden. Bovendien heeft biotechnologie in de visteelt zijn intrede gedaan.
  • Comunicación científica (XXXVI). Cómo hacer una estrategia social media para pediatras (III). La «responsible research & innovation» (RRI) como análisis de la demanda potencial de pacientes y pares

    Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto de Gestión de la Innovación y del Conocimiento - Institut de Gestió de la Innovació i del Coneixement; Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Comunicación Audiovisual, Documentación e Historia del Arte - Departament de Comunicació Audiovisual, Documentació i Història de l'Art; Serrano Cobos, Jorge Ignacio; Ontalba Ruipérez, José Antonio; González de Dios, J.; Aleixandre-Benavent, Rafael (Ediciones Grupo Mayo, 2016)
    [EN] la información de la revista Bulletin of the Belgian Mathematical Society Simon Stevin ISSN 1370-1444, ha sido actualizada en Senia una vez comprobados los datos de la misma en el ISSN Portal. Un cordial saludo
  • Teachers' Exchange: Painting the Mice

    More, Ellen S. (eScholarship@UMMS, 1992-06-01)
  • Ética y revistas científicas españolas de Comunicación, Educación y Psicología: la percepción editora

    Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Comunicación y Psicología Social; Comunicación y Públicos Específicos; Fonseca Mora, María Carmen; Tur-Viñes, Victoria; Gutiérrez San Miguel, Begoña (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España), 2014-11-28)
    El incremento de actividad en la publicación científica y su globalización están ocasionando una problemática relacionada con la ética de los procesos editoriales. Paralelamente, la presión que sufren los editores de revistas, motivada por los procesos de promoción académica y el contexto internacional de los autores, requieren una labor de aproximación consensuada en las formas de actuación ante los casos recurrentes de conductas poco éticas que se producen en la práctica. Este estudio tiene por objeto conocer la opinión de editores de revistas españolas de los ámbitos de Comunicación, Educación y Psicología sobre 16 tipos de mala praxis. Un 39,9% de los 203 editores encuestados respondieron al cuestionario online. Los datos permiten conocer el nivel de preocupación de los editores por aspectos éticos de la publicación científica: la frecuencia de cada mala praxis, la facilidad en su identificación, la gravedad percibida y su posible tendencia futura.
  • Fraude y engaño en la investigación biomédica

    Juliana Buitrago (Corporación Editora Médica del Valle, 2004-09-13)
    History: Scientists are supposed to be moved by lofty ideals and be taught to work restlessly in pursue of the truth, but sadly fraud in biomedical research can be traced through the entire history of science. Definition: Nowadays, typology of fraud is clearly defined. Principal types of misconduct are reviewed. Consequences: It is impossible to know to what extent the damage will remain. Fraud threats public confidence in the integrity of science and may change professional attitudes and health public policies leading to serious social consequences. Evaluation of the problem: Prevalence of research fraud is unknown but in almost every country where investigation has been largely developed, at least a corroborated case of mis-conduct has been known. Policies on the scientific process may eventually contribute to fraudulent behaviour. Situation in Colombia: Colombia lacks of comprehensive policies to deal with fraud in research. How to tackle this problem: Finally, some recommendations are given to prevent, detect and deal with fraud in biomedical research. RESUMEN Historia: La imagen tradicional de un científico es la de una persona motivada por nobles ideales, trabajando incansablemente en la búsqueda de la verdad, pero tristemente el fraude en la investigación biomédica es una innegable verdad como lo demuestra esta breve revisión histórica de los casos más publicitados. Definición: Hoy en día esta claramente definida la tipología del fraude. Se definen los principales actos considerados como conducta impropia en la investigación científica. Consecuencias: El impacto potencial del fraude es incalculable. El fraude amenaza la confianza pública en la ciencia y puede generar cambios en las acciones médicas y en las políticas de salud con irreparables consecuencias sociales. Evaluación del problema: Aunque la prevalencia del fraude no ha sido establecida, cada día son mas los países reportando casos de fraude. Las políticas referentes al proceso científico pueden estar contribuyendo a la presentación del fraude. La situación en Colombia: Colombia carece de políticas claras para encontrar y enfrentar el fraude en la investigación. Como enfrentar el problema: Finalmente se dan algunas recomendaciones para prevenir, descubrir y tratar el fraude en la investigación biomédica.
  • Responsibility versus sustainability, ethics, and societal engagement: The German Science, Technology, Innovation context

    Ladikas, Miltos; Hahn, Julia; Hennen, Leonhard; Scherz, Constanze (DEU, 2021-04-28)
    We examine the concept of responsible research and innovation (RRI) in Germany in the context of national science, technology and innovation (STI) as well as its legal and normative framework in relation to ethics and societal engagement and compare the results to similar international research. Our analysis shows that responsibility plays a central role in research practice guided by research ethics standards and societal grand challenges. Consequently, there is a significant increase in demands for inclusion and engagement of a wider stakeholder spectrum in STI. Compared to other countries, the concept of RRI in Germany is increasingly superseded by that of sustainability. We argue that responsibility and sustainability are conceptually close and highly interchangeable in the German national debate. We conclude with basic recommendations for greater clarity in research on responsibility and sustainability and the aims of ethics and societal engagement.
  • Co-Creation Toolkit: A Guidance on the design, development and implementation of effective co-creation in industry-citizen collaboration settings

    DIALOGIK gemeinnützige Gesellschaft für Kommunikations- und Kooperationsforschung mbH; Kuhn, Rainer; Konrad, Wilfried; Wist, Sarah-Kristina; Witzel, Bianca (DEUStuttgart, 2021-05-03)
    This co-creation toolkit provides tools and guidelines for starting and running a responsible innovation process. Based on the experiences from 19 workshops and additional theoretical research, this Toolkit aims to provide an insight into the key principles and a variety of practical tips. The toolkit shows how Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) can enrich innovation processes by giving an insight on what Responsible Research and Innovation means and how to use tools to engage with co-creation and Design Thinking. The toolkit provides answers to the following questions that arise when setting up an inclusive process: What should I be clear about before I start? What are important success factors? Whom to involve when? What practical considerations are important? What methods to use? What do I have to consider at the workshop itself? What do I have to do at the end and after the workshop?
  • ARTÍCULO DE REFLEXIÓN - Fraude y engaño en la investigación biomédica

    Juliana Buitrago (Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud, 2004-08-23)
    History: Scientists are supposed to be moved by lofty ideals and be taught to work restlessly in pursue of the truth, but sadly fraud in biomedical research can be traced through the entire history of science. Definition: Nowadays, typology of fraud is clearly defined. Principal types of misconduct are reviewed. Consequences: It is impossible to know to what extent the damage will remain. Fraud threats public confidence in the integrity of science and may change professional attitudes and health public policies leading to serious social consequences. Evaluation of the problem: Prevalence of research fraud is unknown but in almost every country where investigation has been largely developed, at least a corroborated case of mis-conduct has been known. Policies on the scientific process may eventually contribute to fraudulent behaviour. Situation in Colombia: Colombia lacks of comprehensive policies to deal with fraud in research. How to tackle this problem: Finally, some recommendations are given to prevent, detect and deal with fraud in biomedical research.
  • Wilhelm Kempf (ed.), The Peace Journalism Controversy. 2008. Berlin: regener

    Susanne Jaeger (Berlin Regener Publishing House, 2009-04-01)
    Book review
  • Chapter 4 Ethics and access when consent must come first

    Taylor & FrancisImplementing Ethics in Educational EthnographyRoutledge, 2019-12-05
    Formalised procedures to obtain and document informed consent from research participants are at the heart of the shift from informal to formalised research ethics. Critiques claim that the requirements to obtain consent from all potential participants before the onset of a study will make it impossible to do ethnographic research and participant observation in institutional settings such as schools. Drawing on experiences from an ethnographic research project in secondary schools in Norway, the aim of this chapter is to discuss the ethical considerations and, embedded in these, the methodological and analytical challenges involved in doing participant observation in schools where not all pupils and parents have consented to participation in the research. The chapter suggests possible ways forward for tackling these challenges for ethnographic researchers working in schools.
  • Similarity analysis of articles published in the Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine

    Şerife Şeyma Torgutalp; Bülent Ülkar (Turkish Sports Medicine Association, 2021-02-01)
    Objective: Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine (TJSM) has used a web-based software program to define the phrasal similarity of submitted articles since 2017. The aims of this study were; to determine the similarity scores obtained in the preliminary evaluation of the articles published in TJSM since 2017, and to evaluate the relationship between the similarity scores and the article type, article language, and publication year. Materials and Methods: A total of 125 articles published in TJSM from 2017 to 2020 were retrospectively reviewed from the digital archive. Research articles, review articles, and case reports were included in the analysis. Similarity scores, including total similarity score and highest match scores in All Sources mode and Match Overview mode, were obtained from Similarity Reports acquired using iThenticate plagiarism checker software. Data were recorded regarding the type and language of the article, the year of publication, whether the corresponding author was from Turkey or any other country, and similarity scores. Results: Of the 119 analyzed manuscripts, 76.5% (n=91) were research articles. The majority of the articles (95%, n=113) were submitted by authors from Turkey, and most of the articles (62.2%, n=74) were in Turkish. The median similarity score for all articles was 9.0% (Q1: 4.0 - Q3: 17.0), and the median highest matching scores were 2.0% (Q1: 1.0 - Q3: 3.0) and 3.0% (Q1: 2.0 - Q3: 6.0) for the Match Overview mode and All Sources mode, respectively. The median total similarity score and the median highest matching score from All Sources mode were significantly higher in research articles (p = 0.004 and p = 0.017, respectively) and in articles written in English (p < 0.001 for both). Conclusion: Total similarity and highest matching scores among articles published in TJSM between 2017 and 2020 were significantly higher in research articles and articles written in English.
  • Anticipatory governance and moral imagination : methodological insights from a scenario-based public deliberation study

    Université de Montréal. École de santé publique; Lehoux, Pascale; Miller, Fiona A.; Williams-Jones, Bryn (Elsevier, 2021-02-22)
    The fields of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) and participatory foresight seek to establish, and toinclude publics within, anticipatory governance mechanisms. While scenario-based methods can bring to thepublics’ attention the ethical challenges associated to existing technologies, there has been little empirical re-search examining how, in practice, prospective public deliberative processes should be organized to informanticipatory governance. The goal of this article is to generate methodological insights into the way suchmethods can stimulate the public's moral imagination regarding what may (or may not) happen in the future andwhat should (or should not) happen in the future. Our qualitative analyses draw on a public deliberation studythat included videos and online scenarios to support participants’ (n= 57) deliberations about fictional inter-ventions for genetically at-risk individuals. Our findings clarify how participants: (1) challenged key elements ofour scenarios; (2) extended several of their technical and moral prospects; (3) engaged personally with others,including our scenarios’ characters; and (4) mobilized the past creatively to reason about the future. Ourmethodology enabled participants to creatively and empathetically envision complex sociotechnical futures. Yet,important methodological limits should be acknowledged by those who design, implement and use public en-gagement methods to inform anticipatory governance.
  • Towards a Sustainable and Open Science : Recommendations for Enhancing Responsible Research and Innovation in the Biosciences at the University of Bremen

    Tanja, Barendziak; Julia, Birkholz; Elster, Doris (Universität BremenFB2 Biologie/ChemieInstitut für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften - Biologiedidaktik, 2019)
    Starbios2 is a four-year project (2016-2020) within the European Commission s Science with and for Society Programme, focusing on Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). The project is generously funded by the European Union under the HORIZON 2020 Programme. Nine research institutions from European countries and three international partners are involved in the project coordinated by the Universita degli studi di Roma Tor Vergata in Italy. The goal of the project is to support research institutions in the implementation of RRI. The booklet Towards a Sustainable and Open Science - Enhancing Responsible Research and Innovation in the Biosciences at the University of Bremen summarizes 35 recommendations developed for the implementation of the RRI issues societal engagement, gender, ethics, open access and education. It is primarily directed at researchers and students of the Biosciences at the University of Bremen. It is also intended to encourage other research institutions to engage with RRI in practice.
  • Do the Ethics of Authorship Matter?: Exploring the Implications of the Office of Research Integrity's Narrow Definition of Research Misconduct

    Linvill, Caroline (Clemson University Libraries, 2011-12-01)
    Over the past 25 years, federal government entities have become involved in defining and regulating misconduct in scientific research. Consistently, these definitions of research misconduct forbid three key actions--falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism--but do not take into account other professional communication issues, mainly authorship. This lack of acknowledgement and regulation of authorship--particularly from the Office of Research Integrity, the nation's highest research ethics body--seems to imply and communicate that the ethics of authorship are not important in science. However, this thesis demonstrates, through rhetorical, historical and interview research, that authorship ethics do matter to scientists; in fact, authorship is a leading concern, even if not defined or regulated by federal oversight bodies. The thesis then recommends how authorship ethics can be better acknowledged by federal oversight boards without slipping into positivistic rules and requirements, and includes a recommendation to integrate ethics instruction into science curricula.
  • Guía de buenas prácticas en la publicación científica

    Delgado López-Cózar, Emilio (2021-02-24)
    El estudio sobre "Hábitos, prácticas, percepciones y opiniones sobre la publicación y la evaluación científica en Filosofía y Filosofía Moral en España" ha evidenciado que existe un cierto desconocimiento sobre los estándares de publicación científica y algunas dificultades a la hora de entender determinados conceptos en torno a lo que son bue-nas prácticas en la publicación. A lo largo de la confección del informe se han recibido algunas consultas al respecto que avalan esta percepción. Por ello considero que puede resultar de interés añadir una breve guía de buenos usos en la publicación científica incluyendo una serie de definiciones y pautas que orienten a la comunidad científica de Filosofía en su conjunto en lo que son actuaciones éticas en la publicación y comunicación de los resultados de investigación. El objetivo es tratar de establecer unas bases que quizás resulten de utilidad para los investigadores de las áreas de Ética y Filosofía en sus diferentes facetas, como autores, revisores y editores. En primer lugar, debemos referirnos a aquellas malas prácticas en la publicación científica que han emergido en nuestro estudio como más prevalentes en la investigación filosófica española. Se procura clarificar conceptos, contextualizarlos y definir buenos usos y medidas que intenten sino erradicarlos al menos frenarlos. En segundo lugar, se señalarán cuáles deben ser las responsabilidades éticas en la publicación de todos los actores que participan en el ciclo comunicativo -autores, editores y revisores- no olvidando que cualquier miembro de la comunidad profesional desempeña estos roles en distintos momentos de su vida cotidiana. Lo más habitual es que se simultaneen.
  • Investigation of medical students opinions on research fraud in thesis and its frequency

    Nouzar Nakhaee; Hadi Nikpour (Kerman University of Medical Sciences, 2005-07-01)
    Background: Tomorrow doctors or today students should be honest in all the aspects of academic work including conducting a research project and writing the thesis Objective: This study was conducted to explore the prevalence of research fraud among medical students according to their subjective experiences and to clarify the attitudes of them towards the issue Methods: A questionnaire which its reliabiltiy and validity were confirmed was distributed among 104 interns It consisted 7 items concerning major types of research fraud which were determined based upon an extensive literature review and a focus group discussion with interested medical students They were asked about the prevalence of each type of the research misconducts and their prevalence among medical students Results: The response rate was 100% Fifty four percent of the repondents were female Fabrication of data and falsification of the findings were reported to be as high as 37 and 40 percent respectively The subjectively estimated prevalence of plagiarism was between 25 to 50 percent About 58 percent of them approved copying others work whilet 71 percent of them disapproved unethical research behavior towards the patients Conclusion: If the results could be generalized to the whole country they might be regarded as a major educational and ethical problem The result warrant further research and concern about the mandatory research system and alternative approches
  • Sozialwissenschaftliche Forschungsdaten langfristig sichern und zugänglich machen: Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätze

    Perry, Anja; Recker, Jonas (DEU, 2021-01-26)
    Sozialwissenschaftlerinnen und -wissenschaftler sind gemäß der guten wissenschaftlichen Praxis dazu angehalten, den Forschungsprozess möglichst transparent zu halten, ihre Forschungsergebnisse reproduzierbar zu machen und im Sinne von „Open Science“ erhobene Daten für die Nachnutzung zur Verfügung zu stellen. Dies ist allerdings mit einigen Hürden verbunden. So müssen nachnutzbare Daten so dokumentiert werden, dass sie für Dritte auffindbar und verständlich sind. Gleichzeitig müssen personenbezogene Daten der Teilnehmenden ausreichend geschützt werden. Forschende sind hier auf Unterstützung angewiesen, um diesen Ansprüchen an die empirische Forschung gerecht zu werden. Dieser Artikel geht zunächst auf die Hürden bei der Bereitstellung von sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschungsdaten ein und stellt dann Dienstleistungen des GESIS Datenarchivs für Sozialwissenschaften vor, die Forschenden helfen, diese Hürden zu meistern.
  • Selected ethical dilemmas and legal problems in autoethnographic research in social rehabilitation pedagogy

    Magdalena Ciechowska; Justyna Kusztal (Fundacja Pedagagium, 2020-12-01)
    The aim of this article is the presentation and analysis of the selected ethical dilemmas and legal problems of a researcher in the study of the difficult way of life. There are a lot of questions about the ethical, decent and legal manner of research and behaviour in relation with the participators of the research. The practical aim of this article is the answer to the question – what should we do when we have various ethical dilemmas in our studies. A special difficult situation concerns the researcher – a  pedagogue of social rehabilitation, because by conducting research on the phenomena of social exclusion or social pathology, he/she describes and analyses situations related to crime, para-criminal behaviours, addictions, touches the problems of deep diagnosis of disorders or therapy. During scientific research, he / she ‘goes deeper’ into difficult situations, ethical dilemmas, and brushes against legal problems. The guarantee of his/her safety, but above all the safety of respondents, is the legal awareness and ethical responsibility of the pedagogue. Although the article is not a complete and comprehensive study, it responds to the needs of researchers who themselves have to answer many questions about legal issues and solve any ethical dilemmas themselves in the process of collecting and developing data.

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