工業區綜合污水處理廠營運管理制度之研究;A Study on the System of Comprehensive Wastewater Treatment Plant Operation and Management in Industrial Park
wastewater treatment plant
operation and management system
Full recordShow full item record
Abstract[[abstract]]經濟部工業局為促進經濟發展，帶動地方繁榮開發工業區；為集中處理工廠生產過程中所產生的廢水，節省廠商操作成本；降低環境負荷，設立了污水處理廠。污水處理廠是工業區的命脈，完善良好的營運與管理，可提高處理效率與效益。工業局所轄工業區污水處理廠有41座，早期設置的污水處理廠是由工業局成立管理機構(工業區服務中心)操作管理，但營運績效不彰，長年處於虧損狀態。因此於民國90年後，工業局陸續將部分污水處理廠委託民間企業經營管理，希望藉由民間企業的經營理念，提高營運績效，降低操作成本，增加政府的財政收入，使工業區永續生存，環境永續發展。本研究收集污水處理廠營運管理制度相關資料，評估不同營運方式(自行操作、公辦民營)之營運績效，由經濟面、環境面、社會面作探討，提出未來最佳的營運操作模式。由研究結果得知，公辦民營污水處理廠在經濟面及環境面之營運績效確實較自行操作廠為佳，社會面之比較結果以自行操作污水廠較優，顯示政府推動此政策是正確的，今後應陸續朝此方向推動。並在污水處理廠容許處理範圍內協助處理鄰近社區民生污水及提供參觀教育場所，將有益於敦親睦鄰和增加政府財政收入，由OT轉向ROT是未來之營運模式。In order to advance economic growth, regional prosperity, and development of industrial park, gather and process the wastewater produced after industrial production, decrease the operational cost of factories and carrying capacity of environment, the Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs establishes wastewater treatment plants. Since wastewater treatment plants are the core of the industrial parks, well-run operation and management can greatly increase efficiency and benefit. There are 41 wastewater treatment plants under the jurisdiction of Industrial Development Bureau. The managing institution (Service Center of Industrial Park) of early-built wastewater treatment plants was established by the Industrial Development Bureau to manage and operate. However, the poor operation made the wastewater treatment plants stay in deficit for a long time. Therefore, Industrial Development Bureau has continually entrusting part of the wastewater treatment plants to private enterprises since 2001, hope it can take use of the operating philosophy of private enterprise to enhance the performance and decrease the cost of operation, and to raise the financial income of the government, so that the industrial park can have sustainable survival and environment can have sustainable development. This study collects the data of operation management system of wastewater treatment plants, evaluates the efficiency of different operation mode(self-control and OT), and compares this issue in the dimensions of economic, environment, and society, and proposes the best operation mode. As the result of this study, OT wastewater treatment plants are proven to operate better than the self-control ones in economical and environmental dimensions. In the social dimension, the self-control ones better. It shows that the government’s policy is right, and the government should push this policy forward. Moreover, it will be helpful to increase the financial income of the government and develop friendly neighborhood by assisting in processing household use wastewater from nearby community and providing visit and education service in the tolerated range. Shifting from OT to ROT is operation mode in the future.