Функционирование некоммерческих организаций в Российской Федерации на современном этапе и их влияние на социально-экономические процессы
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AbstractВопросы развития некоммерческого сектора в России приобретают большое значение, так как выполняемые им задачи и низкие административные издержки делают его успешное функционирование крайне необходимым для жизни общества. Рассматриваются экономико-правовые особенности функционирования некоммерческих организаций, тенденции развития некоммерческого сектора и его влияние на социально-экономические процессы.
Non-commercial organizations being suppliers of socially significant services differ from other managing subjects in their ability to react operatively to the requirements of the population and to social problems; to reflect interests of various groups and layers, and also to work by request of the state. At the present stage, the activity of non-commercial organizations is a source of social innovations. Organizations of the non-commercial sector of economy provide employment and self-employment of the population. Besides traditional branches of the social sphere such as science, culture, education and public health services, non-commercial organizations master new kinds of activity and show the activity in realization of programs of the state on provision of pensions to citizens. In modern conditions the activity of the non-commercial sector in the Russian Federation was broadly adopted in the socialeconomic life and recognised by the society. An impetus for development of the non-commercial sector in Russia was introduction of some laws on regulating activities of non-commercial organizations, which definitely systematized organizations operating in public interests, and legalized the basic characteristics of the civil-law status of different kinds of non-commercial organizations, and the order of property obtaining and using for them. It has allowed generating a legal basis for development of a new sector of economy non-commercial. The recognition of the results of their social activity from the state, which was expressed in realization of the Concept of assistance to development of charities and free will in the Russian Federation, was the continuing active development and growth of NCOs in Russia. The number of citizens and organizations participating in charitable and voluntary activity is growing, and also the scales of the realized charitable programs and projects extend. However, the majority of non-commercial organizations at present face the problem of survival and sustainable development in the conditions of the crisis economy, the changing legal environments, and unsteady communications with state and commercial structures. In the given article the economic and legal features of functioning of non-commercial organizations, tendencies of development of the non-commercial sector and its influence on the social-economic processes are considered. It is obvious that now the active growth and favourable development of the Russian noncommercial sector are in direct relation to the regulation by the state of the activity of non-commercial organizations by means of granting various tax benefits and innovations and a thought-out purposeful tax policy.