Keywords遊憩體驗;環境態度;生態農場;校外教學;recreation experience;environmental attitude;ecological farm;outdoor education
Full recordShow full item record
Abstract[[abstract]]參觀農場生態已逐漸成為國小學童進行校外教學的活動。為了解國小學童的環境態度與其在農場遊憩體驗間的關係，以及學童不同背景變項在遊憩體驗與環境態度表現上的差異，本研究利用問卷調查法，針對國小高年級學童在參加學校「綠世界生態農場校外教學」活動後的遊憩體驗與環境態度進行研究。透過立意抽樣方式，共取得有效問卷675份，並以因素分析、描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析及Pearson 積差相關等統計方法，進行資料分析與研究假設之驗證。研究結果顯示：國小高年級學童對校外教學遊憩體驗之心理體驗的同意程度，以「親近自然與獲取新知」平均得分最高（M = 4.35），「自我追尋與增進友誼」得分最低（M = 3.81），實質環境體驗的重視度，則以「設施安全與衛生」平均得分最高（M = 4.24），「購買情境」得分最低（M = 3.75）。對於環境態度表現，以「情感」表現最佳（M = 4.18），而「行為傾向」最低（M = 3.91）。此外，學童背景變項中以「性別」、「年級」、「居住地」、「參與環保戶外活動次數」、「是否喜歡閱讀有關動植物書籍」、「是否曾到過綠世界生態農場」等在遊憩體驗表現上有顯著差異；而與環境態度表現有顯著差異的則是學童背景變項中的「性別」、「家庭社經地位」、「是否喜歡閱讀有關動植物書籍」、「參與環保戶外活動次數」、「是否曾到過綠世界生態農場」等項目。研究結果亦顯示國小高年級學童的生態農場校外教學遊憩體驗與環境態度間呈現顯著正相關。由本研究結果得知，即使在同一旅遊地點，不同背景變項之國小高年級學童在遊憩體驗與環境態度表現上仍會有所差異，但整體而言，生態農場校外教學的遊憩體驗是能夠有效提昇學童的環境態度，達到學童環境教育學習的目的。 To visit ecological farm has gradually become an outdoor educational activity for the elementary school students. The relationships between environmental attitude and recreation experience of the higher grade students in these activities were investigated by using the questionnaire method, also in various backgrounds of them. Total 675 effective questionnaires from purposive sampling in Green World Ecological Farm were analyzed by factor analysis, descriptive statistics, independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson product moment correlation. The results of the psychological level for fifth and sixth grade students showed the highest average on “Close to the nature and acquire new knowledge” (M = 4.35), and the lowest one on “Self-pursuit and enhance friendship” (M = 3.81) about the recreation experience of outdoor activities. In fact, the students’ physical experiences of themselves had some differences that “Facilities safety and health” was the highest average (M = 4.24), and the lowest average was “Purchasing situations” (M = 3.75). For the students’ environmental attitudes, “Emotion” was the best expressions (M = 4.18), and “Behavior tendency” was the worst one (M = 3.91). The recreation experience has significant differences with some variables of students’ backgrounds, such as “Sex”, “Grade”, “Residence”, “Number of participating outdoor environmental activities”, “Like to read the books about animal or plant”, and “Has been to the Green World Ecological Farm”, and so on. The results between environmental attitude and students’ backgrounds were also significant differences in “Sex”, “Family socioeconomic status”, “Number of participating outdoor environmental activities”, “Like to read the books about animal or plant”, and “Has been to the Green World Ecological Farm”. In this study, a significant positively relationship was showed between recreation experience and environmental attitude for higher grade students in the Ecological Farm, also with the different students’ backgrounds. Overall, the recreation experience to visit ecological farm can effectively improve the environmental attitude of students and achieve the learning purpose of environmental education for elementary school students.