This Globethics.net collection contains case studies in professional ethics including many professional areas, economic sectors and countries realized in cooperation with Fondation pour le progrès de l'homme (Fph). Originally this project contributed to Fph's project "Casothèque de la responsabilité sociale des cadres" (case study collection of the social responsibility of managers). Case studies are a useful and broadly used method and instrument to strengthen professional ethical behaviour especially in decisions with an ethical dilemma. A collection of case studies is a tool for training and education. An analytical report of the cases is included in the collection: "Casothèque éthique: Collection of Case Studies on Professional Ethics", Report to Fph by Prof. Dr Christoph Stückelberger and Natalie Emch. Since 2018, this collection has been further enlarged to include other case studies related to responsible management worldwide.

Recent Submissions

  • How creating shared value is taking Corporate Social Responsibility one step further. Google as a case study

    Rey García, Marta; Universidade da Coruña. Facultade de Economía e Empresa; Paz Rendal, José (2016-03-16)
    Traballo fin de grao (UDC.ECO). ADE. Curso 2014/2015
  • The Ashgate research companion to corporate social responsibility

    Ashgate Publishing, 2008
    In recent years the term corporate social responsibility (CSR) has gained prominence both in business and in the media, not least because of the rise in power of the transnational corporation in an increasingly globalized world. It is one of the most debated management issues, yet there is a lack of consensus on what the concept means, what it entails, why it should be embraced and how. This Research Companion brings together a team of scholars from around the world to offer their view of the key issues in corporate social responsibility research. Each author is concerned with different aspects of CSR, providing a variety of theoretical lenses and a wide range of perspectives from different countries and experiences. It presentrs scholars and graduate students with a valuable guide to current thinking and a comprehensive reference to this increasingly important field.
  • Patterns of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Philippines: A Case Study of Japanese Companies Operating in the Philippines

    加藤, 映子; カトウ, エイコ; Kato, Eiko; Georgescu, Gabriela (2016-03-19)
    A Master’s dissertation submitted to Osaka Jogakuin University Graduate School of International Collaboration and Coexistence in the 21st Century, Master’s Course, in fulfillment for degree requirements.
  • The Practical Impacts of Requirements Imposed on Condominium Developers After the Mortgage Crisis: A Case Study of Double AA International Investment Group, Inc. v. Swire Pacific Holdings and How Escrow Requirements Shaped Future Financing of New Condominium Construction

    Berman, Joshua A; Sarason, Jordan P (bepress Legal Repository, 2015-08-29)
    Federal involvement in securitized loans provided a buffer for lenders to make increasingly risky loans for over seventy years. As lenders took advantage of government protections, securitized loans—the primary source of financing for real estate—were packaged together into trusts and segmented by tranches, which were then assessed a risk factor by a rating agency, and sold together. By the mid-1990s, Wall Street financiers were lending to middle-class Americans through “exotic, untested financial products” that ultimately led to the subprime mortgage crisis of the late 2000s. The Great Recession depleted spending power and rendered many contracts susceptible to legal attack by consumers who hoped to recover some of their assets. Few industries were as vulnerable to these attacks as real estate, and those areas of the country with the highest densities of new commercial construction were hit hardest. As a result of a clause buried deep in Florida’s statutes, South Floridian developers were particularly exposed to deposit refund claims. This article provides a unique and important analysis about the interpretation of escrow requirements in Fla. Stat. § 718.202 threatened to criminalize unsuspecting condominium developers and bankrupt their companies. The interpretation, set forth in Double AA Int’l Inv. Group, Inc. v. Swire Pac. Holdings, created a dire situation that allowed buyers to void their condominium preconstruction contracts and forced developers to seek returns in commissions from brokerage firms. But for the Florida Supreme Court’s unprecedented civil use of the “rule of leniency” in CRC 603, LLC v. North Carillon, LLC, many developers were at risk of being charged with a felony of the third degree. The depth of this article’s appeal, however, expands far beyond the scope of a simple case analysis. This article is the first to analyze how Florida’s change in interpretation has directly shifted the paradigm for new condominium financing, as developers have transitioned from traditional financing models involving securities to a South American-influenced buyer-deposit model. While this later model requires whopping deposits of fifty to eighty percent of the final purchase price for preconstruction units, South Americans, in particular, have been quick to pony up the cash with the expectation that such new condominiums are the most stable investment their money can buy. Shockingly, units in new buildings are selling out months before developers break ground. As a result of these new financing techniques, Miami as we know it is not the same Miami as it existed a mere decade ago. This article concludes by analyzing the sustainability of these changes and predicts whether this new financing archetype is susceptible to the risks that plagued the traditional model and instigated the boom-or-bust cycles of the past century.
  • A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Reported Corporate Environmental Sustainability Practices

    Cowan, Dallas M; Dopart, Pamela; Ferracini, Tyler; Sahmel, Jennifer; Merryman, Kimberly; Gaffney, Shannon; Paustenbach, Dennis J (2016-01-09)
    The concept of sustainability evolved throughout the 1970s and 1980s, but was formally described by the 27 principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development in 1992. Despite the passage of nearly 20years, to date there are no uniform set of federal rules, regulations, or guidelines specifically governing the environmental aspects of sustainability practices or related requirements in the United States. In this benchmark analysis, we have collected information on the sustainability programs of the five largest US companies in each of the 26 industrial sectors [based on the Forbes Global 2000 through 2009 (n=130)]. For each company, we reviewed the most recent corporate sustainability, citizenship, or responsibility report, limiting our scope to environmental components, if available. Ten criteria were identified and analyzed, including leadership, reporting, external review, certification, and individual components of environmental sustainability programs. With respect to the prevalence of sustainability components between various business sectors, we found that the Drugs and Biotechnology (87%), Household and Personal Products (87%) and Oil and Gas Operations (87%) industries had the most comprehensive environmental sustainability programs. Using the nine components of environmental sustainability as a benchmark, we identified four key components as the characteristics of the most comprehensive environmental sustainability programs. These were (1) empowering leadership with a commitment to sustainability (80%), (2) standardized reporting (87%), (3) third-party evaluation of the sustainability programs (73%), and (4) obtaining ISO 14001 certification (73%). We found that many firms shaped their own definition of sustainability and developed their associated sustainability programs based on their sector, stakeholder interests, products or services, and business model. We noted an emerging area that we have called product sustainability - one in which toxicologists and environmental scientists can play a vital role helping to ensure that a manufactured item will indeed be considered acceptable for distribution now, as well as in the coming years. Numerous examples or case studies are presented.
  • Financial Ties and Conflicts of Interest Between Pharmaceutical and Tobacco Companies

    Shamasunder, Bhavna; Bero, Lisa (2016-01-09)
    Corporate diversification allows for well-hidden financial ties between pharmaceutical and tobacco companies, which can cause a conflict of interest in the development and marketing of pharmaceutical products. In our investigation of tobacco company documents released and posted on the Internet as a result of the Master Settlement Agreement, we have found that these financial ties have fostered both competition and collaboration between the tobacco and pharmaceutical industries. We present 3 case studies. One shows how tobacco companies pressured pharmaceutical companies to scale back their smoking cessation educational materials that accompanied Nicorette. The second shows how they restricted to whom the pharmaceutical company could market its transdermal nicotine patch. In the third case, we show how subsidiary tobacco and pharmaceutical companies of a parent company collaborated in the production of a nicotine-release gum. Thus, because tobacco cessation product marketing has been altered as a result of these financial conflicts, disclosure would serve the interest of public health.
  • The Role of Business and Engineering Decisions in the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

    Reynolds, Mark Alexander; Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2013-04-09)
    On April 20th, 2010, the semi-submersible oil rig Deepwater Horizon exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 11 crew members and allowing crude oil to spill continuously from the seabed. Despite numerous attempts to cap the leak, oil continued to flow into the Gulf for nearly three months before a solution was found and the well was finally capped. Because deep water drilling is a relatively new phenomenon, the technical challenges involved in capping a wellhead beneath more than 1,500 metres of water were new and unexplored. Neither the United States government, nor BP, nor their subcontractors Halliburton and Transocean were prepared to deal with the fallout of a disaster of this magnitude. After an investigation by the United States government, it was determined that BP and its partners were primarily responsible for the spill due to a series of cost-cutting measures. It was also discovered that BP made decisions that demonstrated a lack of business integrity, including hiding information from the public and the US government. The following report will outline the circumstances that led to the explosion of Deepwater Horizon and describe the role of business and engineering decisions in allowing the spill. The report will then discuss changes that can be made to prevent reoccurrence of another disaster of this magnitude.
  • Investigating the Role of Corporate Credibility in Corporate Social Marketing: A Case Study of Environmental Initiatives by Professional Sport Organizations

    Kent, Aubrey; Jordan, Jeremy S.; Deckop, John Raymond; Iwasaki, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Yuhei (Temple University Libraries, 2011)
    Tourism and Sport
  • Environmental certification - why do companies seek it? : A comparative case study of ISO 14001 certified companies in Umeå

    Blackestam, Andreas; Olofsson, Anton (Umeå universitet, FöretagsekonomiUmeå universitet, Företagsekonomi, 2013)
    In modern times environmental matters have increased in importance and are being discussed more frequently, and especially in relation with company activity. One way of complying with modern standards for companies is to work with environmental management systems, and it has become quite normal for companies to certify their environmental management systems to a recognized environmental certification. Continuing on this, the purpose of our thesis is to gain a deeper understanding regarding and ultimately assess why it is that companies seek environmental certification. Additionally, we have developed a sub-purpose which is designed to help us gain a deeper understanding regarding the main purpose in a practical context. We will look at 5 production companies in Umeå that have implemented an environmental certification, specifically ISO 14001, and try to understand the reasoning behind choosing to become certified. We will also examine the environmental effectiveness of an ISO 14001 certified environmental management system. We have conducted a comparative case study with these 5 companies in Umeå. Our method of collecting primary data was to interview the companies with a qualitative semi-structured interviewing technique. In the empirical part of the thesis we focused on practically testing the theoretical material. Furthermore, we also analyzed secondary data received from the companies' websites and directly from the interviewees in order to assess the effectiveness of an ISO 14001 certified environmental management system in financial and environmental terms. Regarding the theoretical framework, we focus on two theories referred to as the legitimacy theory and the stakeholder theory, and these theories are used to explain organizational behavior. We also have theoretical material explaining the positives and negatives of environmental management systems, and also ISO 14001 certification and the reasons why companies can benefit from such certification. Our findings suggest that the matter of legitimacy, in combination with the stakeholder theory, affected all of the companies in one way or another when choosing to seek environmental certification. In what ways the companies were affected differed even though there were many similarities across the companies regarding their reasoning to become ISO 14001 certified. We also found that, despite collecting a lot of hard data illustrating the companies' environmental performance over recent years, it was difficult to directly link any improvements to ISO 14001. It was, however, stated that ISO 14001 certification for the environmental management systems did improve the overall quality and environmental focus and performance, but it is still difficult to assess this with much accuracy and certainty due to many contributing factors.
  • Partenariats ONG-entreprise et évolution du business model de la grande entreprise. Le cas de Suez-Environnement

    De Montmorillon, Bernard; Maucuer, Raphaël (2013-10-10)
    Avec l’émergence des ONG dans nos économies globalisées, les grandes entreprises développent divers types de partenariats ONG-entreprise (POE). Les chercheurs s’interrogent sur leurs enjeux stratégiques. Dans notre thèse, nous étudions la contribution spécifique des POE à l’évolution du business model (BM) de la grande entreprise.Une étude de cas longitudinale processuelle chez Suez-Environnement met en lumière trois grands apports des POE : les POE, selon leur type, influencent la stratégie de l’entreprise par leur concours à la segmentation des activités ; ils contribuent à la conception et au déploiement des BM issus de la nouvelle segmentation ; et ils jouent un rôle moteur dans l’évolution du portefeuille de BM de l’entreprise.À partir de ces résultats, nous proposons : une conception élargie de la finalité du BM intégrant la performance sociétale ; une représentation enrichie du concept de BM, baptisée modèle RCOV-EPs, articulant quatre dimensions en interactions ; et le concept de métabusiness model que nous définissons comme : une métalogique de création de valeur socioéconomique émergeant de relations inter-BM.
  • Communicating sustainability for enhanced business opportunities: Use of centrally-driven initiatives to integrate sustainability in product communication in decentralized multinational companies Case study of Trelleborg AB

    Andronache, Veronica Mihaela (Lunds universitet/Internationella miljöinstitutet, 2012)
    The particularities surrounding the way decentralized multinational companies are structured<br> and governed can determine the success or failure of integrating sustainability aspects into<br> their units’ approach of doing business. The choice of pursuing a decentralized avenue over a<br> headquarter-driven one in managing sustainability can have a significant influence over the<br> coherence of Group1-wide strategies and approaches to their implementation, but also over<br> the level of ambition targeted at local level.<br> This research aims at describing the early results regarding attitudes, drivers and barriers<br> surrounding a recently launched headquarter-driven initiative, aimed at encouraging the<br> incorporation of sustainability arguments in the communication and development of products<br> and solutions in a decentralized multinational company. Through a case study research of<br> Trelleborg AB, the study is expected to increase the understanding of the challenges faced at<br> Group headquarters level on one hand and at unit level on the other hand when it comes to<br> advancing and communicating sustainability, particularly through products and solutions. A<br> second objective of the research has been to contribute to revealing opportunities that could<br> help overcome these challenges and strengthen the initiative. Trelleborg’s business-to-business<br> global presence can offer a comprehensive account of the different experiences, challenges,<br> attitudes and expectations surrounding the integration of sustainability in product<br> development and communication. A centrally-driven initiative was analyzed and assessed in<br> order to demonstrate its role and effectiveness in advancing sustainability thinking in a<br> decentralized multinational corporation, while keeping in mind the particularities of local<br> conditions in which its units activate.<br> The study has shown that despite declaring to acknowledge the benefits that can be brought<br> by integrating sustainability in external product communication, there is little incentive at this<br> stage at business unit level to take the necessary action in this direction. The main obstacles to<br> invest local resources in the promotion of a global communication concept that aims to reveal<br> sustainability aspects in products and solutions were identified to be: low expressed customer<br> demand for sustainability features in products, the specific customer criteria that products<br> need to meet and limited awareness on how sustainability arguments can be applied to the<br> individual business profiles in order to raise their profile on the market.
  • Corporate-NGO partnerships and large companies’ business model evolution. The case of Suez-Environnement

    Dauphine Recherches en Management (DRM) ; Université Paris IX - Paris Dauphine - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Université Paris Dauphine - Paris IX; Bernard de Montmorillon; Maucuer, Raphaël (HAL CCSD, 2013-05-15)
    With the emergence of the NGOs in our globalized economies, large companies developdiverse types of corporate-NGO partnerships (CNPs). Some researchers raised interrogations on their strategic issues. In our thesis, we study the CNPs specific contribution to the evolution of large companies’ business model (BM).Drawing on a longitudinal processual case study at Suez-Environnement, we highlight three main contributions of CNPs: first, some types of CNPs influence company’s strategy by taking part in the activities’ segmentation; second, they contribute to design and to implement the BMs resulting from the new segmentation; third, they play a driving role in the company’s BMs portfolio evolution.From these results, we suggest: an extended approach of BM’s purpose including societalperformance; an enhanced representation of the BM concept, called RCOV-PsE model,structuring four interacting components; and the meta business-model concept that we define as: a socio-economic value creation logic appearing from inter-BM relations.
  • MULTINAZIONALI E PAESI IN VIA DI SVILUPPO: LA RILEVANZA STRATEGICA DEL COMMUNITY INVESTMENT

    FIOCCA, RENATO; MOLTENI, Mario; CONDOSTA, LUCA (Università Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMILANO, 2010-04-14)
    La tesi vuole esaminare il fenomeno dei community investment nei PVS da parte delle multinazionali. Dopo aver studiato la letteratura esistente sul tema della CSR della sua applicazione nei PVS da parte delle MNC, la ricerca sul campo è stata articolata in due fasi. Una prima fase, di tipo esplorativa, è stata condotta attraverso un questionario somministrato nei primi sei mesi del 2009 a 100 imprese, selezionate in modo casuale dalla lista del Fortune Global 500 (che include le maggiori imprese mondiali quotate in termini di ricavi e utile netto) al 31/12/2008. Scopo del questionario è stato quello di iniziare ad indagare sul fenomeno degli interventi di CSR fatti dalle multinazionali a favore delle comunità dei PVS. Una volta raccolti ed esaminati i risultati ottenuti dal questionario esplorativo, la seconda fase della ricerca è stata basata sulla selezione e analisi di cinque casi con la tecnica del multiple-case study analysis. Per le cinque imprese selezionate si è proceduto con l’analisi di un’ampia base di fonti primarie, integrata con dati provenienti da altre fonti. Al termine si è proceduto con l’interpretazione dei dati formulando un modello per interpretare le strategie di un’impresa verso le comunità dei PVS in cui opera.
  • Efficiency Towards Transparency: The Case Study of the Italian Lyric-symphonic Foundations

    Pollifroni, Massimo; Militaru, Gheorghe; Ioana, Adrian (2015)
    The realization of a new Public Administration oriented to the efficiency and to the transparency is one of the objectives of the
 current European policies. In this process, the Public Institutions have shown a continuing and growing need to develop systems
 of multidimensional measurement of their performances: a relatively new process, which has its origin from the New Public
 Management (NPM) Theories.
 The research - which has as reference to the Italian Lyric-Symphonic Foundations - lies in the complex area of measuring the
 performance of Public Institutions: specifically, the study seeks to identify the presence of a possible correlation between some
 indicators of corporate performance and the administrative transparency level deduced from the information available on the Public
 Administration’ websites under study.
  • SARS and Hospital Priority Setting: A Qualitative Case Study and Evaluation

    Bell, Jennifer A.H.; Hyland, Sylvia; DePellegrin, Tania; Upshur, Ross E.G.; Bernstein, Mark; Martin, Douglas K. (2016-01-08)

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