The effect of fish on the abundance of the rice caseworm Nymphula depunctalis (Guenee) (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae) in direct seeded, concurrent rice-fish fields
Author(s)Vromant, Nico; U0044589; ; JFA; CORA;
Rothuis, AJ; ; ; ; ;
Cuc, NTT; ; ; ; ;
Ollevier, Frans; U0015657; ; ; ; JLA
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AbstractIn rite 1996-97 dry season, a rice caseworm (Nymphula depunctalis (Guenee)) outbreak occur red at the Co Do lice-fish experimental station, Can Tho province, Mekong Delta, Vietnam. A polyculture of Thai silver barb, common carp and Nile tilapia was able to I educe the number of rice caseworm larvae (P < 0.001) by at least 93%. As a result, the number of rice caseworm adults (P < 0.001) and the percentage of damaged lice leaves (P < 0.001) were also reduced compared with lice fields without introduced fish. As the pest reduction did not differ infields with high and low seeding densities, it was concluded that the access of fish into the ricefield was not severely hampered by high rice seeding densities. The presence of fish or rice caseworms had no effect on the rice yield. The broader acceptance of rice-fish culture could lead to a reduction of the number of pesticide sprays used against highly visible defoliators like rite rice caseworm. This would enforce the concept that rice-fish culture and integrated pest management are complementary.
TypeDescription (Metadata) only