The Long-term Influence Of Family Contexts And Processes In Biological Families And Stepfather Families On Young Adult Children's Intimate Relationships
Author(s)Jeter, Nari Susan
Young Adult Intimate Relationships
Social and Behavioral Sciences
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AbstractThe main purpose of the present study was to examine the influences of parental relationship instability, parental relationship happiness, and parent-child relationships on young adult intimate relationship outcomes. The effects of parental relationship instability were explored by using two different family groups: biological families and stepfather families. Data from the all three waves of the National Survey of Families and Households was used for this study. Structural Equation Modeling was used as the analysis method to examine the relationships between the variables of interest. Based on Ecological Systems Theory, it was hypothesized that low parental relationship instability, high parental marital happiness, and frequent involvement and high quality in parent-child relationships would determine positive outcomes in young adult intimate relationships. It was also hypothesized that there would be mediating relationships between the family variables and young adults’ intimate relationship outcomes. The findings partially supported Ecological Systems Theory in that the various family context and processes variables were significantly related to children’s young adult intimate relationship happiness and stability. However, there was no support for the mediating hypotheses. Parents’ marital happiness emerged the largest, significant predicator of young adult intimate relationship outcomes in both family groups. Additionally for the two family groups, different causal pathways of the family variables were illustrated through Structural Equation Modeling. Important contributions of the current study include a better understanding of the long-term influences of parental relationship instability, parental relationship happiness, and parent-child relationships on emerging adults’ intimate relationship outcomes. Implications for researchers, clinicians, and educators are presented.
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寄養家庭對寄養青少年的支持研究: 以中國上海為例的質性研究.王玥.; Chinese University of Hong Kong Graduate School. Division of Social Work.; Wang, Yue. (2011)Based on the above findings and the preliminary theoretical framework, resource mobilizing and responsibility boundary is input to construct the support model of foster family. The characteristic of social support in substitute family is concluded. Recommendation about foster care policy and services is also provided.
Pacific youth "romantic" relationships and wellbeingFairbairn-Dunlop, Tagaloatele Peggy; Koziol-McLain, Jane; Savaii, Koleta Penina (Auckland University of Technology, 2018-01-29)Healthy youth relationships are central to Pacific youth wellbeing today. Healthy relationship patterns learned in the youth years are precursors for healthy adult relationships in later life. To explore Pacific youth understandings and expectations of healthy relationships, and how and where these were learnt, group and individual talanoa were carried out with Pacific youth in the Auckland region. The final study sample consisted of eleven females and six males who self-identified as Pacific (7 Niue, 9 Samoa, and 1 Tonga). These talanoa were guided by the Fonofale model of health and wellbeing, underpinned by the Pacific Worldview and Appreciative Inquiry. Data were analysed and interpreted both from an individual psychological perspective and a socio-cultural lens.
Study findings indicate that this group of Pacific youth had their own words and concepts for making sense of youth relationships. These youths also understood healthy relationships as involving behaviours of respect, commitment, and sharing. Their understandings were grounded in the values and norms of their Pacific cultural ways which had been learned and nurtured within their families. At the same time, it was clear that the use and the increasing popularity of social media had added new ideas to the ways these youths were looking, thinking about, and experiencing relationships. In fact, a main study finding was that these youths were continually negotiating family and Pacific cultural boundaries, alongside the new roles and expectations introduced by social media, and current times and experiences. Notably, however, these youths appeared to give prominence and respect to the family-based cultural norms.
This study contributes to the local and international literature on Pacific youth wellbeing, adolescent romantic relationships, and dating violence. This study emphasises the need for Pacific youth policies and programs to be grounded in Pacific youth experiences, and for these to be explored through a gender lens. Second, that research designs and methodologies must be open and aware of the multiple perspectives that participants bring to the research and the interplay of these on their experiences and expectations. Families are important to Pacific youth, and policies, programs, and interventions for Pacific youth need to consider these within the contexts of their families. In sum, healthy relationships are important to the wellbeing of Pacific youth in New Zealand today.
Organizational Expectations and Role Clarification of Pastors and Educators Serving K-10 Schools Operated by the Georgia-Cumberland Conference of Seventh-day AdventistsPatterson, Stanley E (Digital Commons @ Andrews University, 2007-01-01)Problem Statement The two major issues addressed in this study are the professional relationship that exists between the educators in K-10 schools and pastors who serve the churches that host the schools and the professional roles that each serves in the school. The roles and organizational expectations for each may impact the health of their professional relationship. The purpose of this study was to examine the leadership role expectations of pastors and educators in the K-10 school system o f the Georgia-Cumberland Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. Methodology A survey instrument was administered to all K-10 teachers and principals in the Georgia-Cumberland Conference of Seventh-day Adventists at an annual educator’s convention under the supervision of a proctor. Pastors o f the conference responded to the survey at a pastor’s convention also supervised by a proctor. This study targeted all 143 pastors and 191 educators of the Georgia-Cumberland Conference. One hundred eight pastors and 105 educators completed the survey. Results The perceptions of pastors and educators were measured in four role dimensions- Faith Leader, Instructional Leader, Communicator, and Administrator. Significant differences were reported for items in all four of the role dimensions. Significant group difference was determined to exist in Faith Leader and Instructional Leader dimensions. Overall educators and pastors experienced statistically significant difference in tension resulting from role conflict. Pastors and educators reported their relational behavior to be of higher quality toward their professional counterpart than their counterpart reported for them. A significant negative correlation was found to exist between role tension and the quality of relationship in all four role dimensions. Conclusions The data in this research project suggest that there is need for clarification for pastors and educators regarding their roles and professional relationships. Research on role conflict and ambiguity support the need for effort on the part o f organizations and by educators and pastors to clarify roles as a means of enhancing mission effectiveness. Efforts could include clarification of policies, professional training, administrative awareness on denominational and local level, continuing education that focuses on role clarity and relationships, and creation of an environment encouraging dialog between pastors and educators.