The Human Equation in Forest Resources: Incorporating Social Science Methodologies to Study Forest Landowners and Researchers
Author(s)Lyons, Patrick William
Agricultural and Resource Economics
Work, Economy and Organizations
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThis is a two-part study that incorporates social science research methodologies to study the human dimensions of forest resources. The first chapter is a quantitative analysis of family forest landowners in Maine that incorporates the concept of place attachment, an approach novel to the field, to better understand landowner behavior. Traditional methods to understanding family forest landowners have been to identify unique subgroups of landowners to better tailor research, education, and outreach efforts. To expand on this approach, our study adopted social psychology concept of place attachment to provide a new prospective on how cognitions and evaluations influence landowner behavior. Data were collected by administering a mailed survey to 1000 Maine family forest landowners asking questions on demographic, management objective, communication and behavioral intentions as well as a series of questions designed to measure place attachment and dissatisfaction. Supporting our hypothesis, it was found that measured cognitions such as place meanings and evaluative beliefs were successful at predicting landowner place attachment and dissatisfaction. Additionally, results indicated place attachment and dissatisfaction could be used to predict specific landowner behaviors, such as seeking information and having a will. Coupling these results with segmentation analysis of ownership objectives, it was found that over 75 percent of family forest landowners in Maine experience strong place attachment and highly value passing land on to their heirs. Previous studies have found inheritors are significantly more likely to engage in active forest management and receive land stewardship and forest sustainability values from previous generations (Majumdar, Laband, Teeter, & Butler, 2009), and this study recommends polices that promote and bolster intergenerational transfer of family forests to help ensure the timber supply and sustainable management of forests in Maine. The second chapter is a qualitative analysis of forest science researchers that explores how researchers work with stakeholders and how alternative approaches to knowledge production can be incorporated into forest resources. Criticisms have begun to emerge of traditional knowledge production systems' inability to solve the complex issues surrounding natural resources. To address these "wicked problems", the approaches of sustainability science and participatory research have been adopted by researchers in which they take a more holistic, iterative approach to problem solving that incorporates the knowledge and abilities of vested stakeholders. To explore how researchers produce knowledge our study conducted semi-structured interviews with forest science researchers, asking direct questions about how they define and work with stakeholders. Our analysis revealed a great awareness among researchers for the need to cooperate with stakeholders and to incorporate their knowledge and abilities into the research process, as well as lamentations over structural, institutional, and resource limitations inhibiting the adoption of sustainability science and participatory research practices. The results of this study give insight to not only how forest science researchers work with stakeholders, but also how individuals and institutions can better incorporate these methodologies into their research philosophies.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A Legal and Institutional Framework for Sustainable Management of Forest Resources in Southern Sudan : Policy noteWorld Bank (World Bank, 2012-03-19)This policy note was prepared in response to a request from the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS) for World Bank assistance in developing legislative and institutional policies and strategies that will take advantage of the potential of the region's forest resources to contribute to poverty alleviation, food security, sustainable agriculture, economic growth, and to protection of forest-related environmental services such as climate, biodiversity, water, and wildlife resources. The note is intended to: (a) take stock of the current situation on the ground, including identifying the legislative, institutional, governance, and policy reforms needed to create an enabling environment for both public and private-sector investment. This should help in contributing to improved understanding of the currently underutilized potential of Southern Sudan's forest resources; (b) analyze what has worked and what has not worked prior to and since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); and (c) suggest priority solutions and actions towards revitalizing the forestry sector. Key policy issues addressed in this note include: 1) strengthening forest resource information and knowledge base; 2) developing a coherent legislative and policy framework, organizational structure, and capacity for the sector; 3) promoting participatory forest and woodland management; 4) enabling forest-based industries to thrive; 5) creating an enabling environment for attracting private-sector investment; 6) protecting and enhancing forest-related environmental services; 7) using technical approaches to conservation and sustainable management of forest resources; and 8) introducing predictable and sustainable long-term financing mechanisms.
Community Forest Management and REDD+International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Network (Washington, DC: Program on Forests (PROFOR), 2014-07-21)The urgent need to limit anthropogenic carbon emissions has led to a global initiative to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+). But designing national architectures for REDD+ that integrate local actions on forests with national-level outcomes and do so effectively, efficiently, and equitably continues to be challenging. One option to facilitate the design and implementation of REDD+ is to learn from the experience of other programs that have historically been successful in achieving sustainable tropical forest management, such as community forest management (CFM). Lessons about the factors that contribute to CFM success will be useful in designing REDD+ programs. REDD+ may also benefit from harnessing the capital developed by CFM. Of course, REDD+ and CFM represent both opportunities and challenges for each other. Identifying how CFM can contribute to REDD+ goals, and the potential benefits and risks in using CFM to achieve REDD+ implementation requires careful analysis of available evidence because the two sets of interventions do not have a complete overlap in terms of their objectives and mechanisms.
Forests Sourcebook : Practical Guidance for Sustaining Forests in Development CooperationWorld Bank (Washington, DC : World Bank, 2012-05-25)The Forests Sourcebook is divided into two parts. The first contains an introduction to the book plus seven chapters covering topics associated with enhancing the contribution of forests to poverty reduction, engaging the private sector, meeting the growing demand for forest products, optimizing forest functions at the landscape level, improving forest governance, mainstreaming forest considerations into macro policy dialogue, and monitoring forest sector activities. Each chapter provides relevant background and context with a general overview of the fundamental issues, constraints, policies, and institutional requirements that need to be considered for specific topics. The second part provides guidance for implementing the World Bank's safeguard on forests. This section of the Forests Sourcebook has five chapters. Chapter eighth provides a brief introduction to the World Bank's Forests Policy (OP 4.36). Chapter ninth is on applying OP 4.36. This chapter includes a discussion of the main requirements of OP 4.36, guidelines for implementation (including preparation, appraisal, and supervision requirements), definitions, and guidance on identifying critical forests and critical natural habitats through environmental assessment, which includes a discussion on protecting forests through conservation offsets. Chapter tenth is on consultation and communication in forest projects. Chapters eleventh and twelfth discuss the Forest Certification Assessment Guide and the World Bank's Indigenous Peoples policy, respectively.